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Elementary concepts of nuclear physics

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter describes the basic concepts of nuclear models beginning with the bare force between two nucleons and ending with the complex configurations of the many-body system. For example those ... More


Heavy, Superheavy . . . Quo Vadis?

Paul J. Karol

in Mendeleev to Oganesson: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Periodic Table

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190668532
eISBN:
9780197559765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190668532.003.0004
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Uranium was Discovered in 1789 by the German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth in pitchblende ore from Joachimsthal, a town now in the Czech Republic. Nearly a century later, the Russian chemist ... More


Nuclear Physics

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter gives an overview of nuclear physics from the discovery of the neutron to ongoing research topics. General properties of atomic nuclei are considered: the valley of stability, the nuclear ... More


Nuclear Lattice Model and the Electronic Configuration of the Chemical Elements

Jozsef Garai

in Mendeleev to Oganesson: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Periodic Table

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190668532
eISBN:
9780197559765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190668532.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

In the earliest days of science researchers were arguing philosophically what might be the reasonable explanation for an observed phenomenon. The majority of the contemporary scientific community ... More


The Quantum-Mechanical Nucleus

Roger H. Stuewer

in The Age of Innocence: Nuclear Physics between the First and Second World Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198827870
eISBN:
9780191866586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198827870.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Rutherford extended his satellite model to encompass an explanation of the alpha decay of radioactive nuclei, which was abruptly disproven in the summer of 1928 by Russian theoretical physicist ... More


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