Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 36 items

  • Keywords: lipids x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Biology: an introduction to membranes in cells

Pierluigi Frisco

in Computing with Cells: Advances in Membrane Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542864
eISBN:
9780191715679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542864.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

The present chapter contains a brief introduction to membranes in living cells. This chapter describes the composition and functions of cell membranes and the functions of some of the organelles ... More


Exploiting molecular and isotopic signals at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition

Richard P. Evershed

in Going Over: The Mesolithic-Neolithic Transition in North-West Europe

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264140
eISBN:
9780191734489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264140.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

The paucity of cultural finds at this key stage in human prehistory increases the need to fully and effectively exploit all the sources of evidence that exist. Organic residues, preserved in ... More


Lipids: Fatty Acids

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, which represent a significant fraction of the total lipid pool in aquatic organisms. It explores how chain length and levels of ... More


Lipids: Alkenones, Polar Lipids, and Ether Lipids

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on several classes of polar lipids, including alkenones, which are di-, tri-, and tetra-unsaturated long-chain ketones. These compounds are produced by a restricted number of ... More


Sialic acids in gangliosides: origin and function

Guido Kohla and Roland Schauer

in Neuroglycobiology: (Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525387
eISBN:
9780191723872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525387.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Eukaryotic cells are composed of numerous lipids, among which the glycosphingolipids and especially the sialic-acid-containing gangliosides occur ubiquitously in most tissues. They are particularly ... More


Bernard W. Agranoff

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of neuroscientist Bernard W. Agranoff. Agranoff initially became known for his elucidation of the enzymatic synthesis of inositol lipids via the liponucleotide ... More


REPRINT THE TRANSMISSION OF STRESS IN AN AGGREGATE

S. F. Edwards and R. B. S. Oakeshott

in Stealing the Gold: A celebration of the pioneering physics of Sam Edwards

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528531
eISBN:
9780191713415
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528531.003.0026
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This paper considers the question of how stress is transmitted in aggregates. The macroscopic state of a powder is summarized by its compactivity X ≡ (∂ V/∂S). In aggregates where the particles have ... More


Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Alain G. Bertoni and David C. Goff

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the association between diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Most persons with diabetes will suffer from CVD in their lifetimes, and thus the prevention of CVD in this ... More


Numerical Methods for Protocell Simulations

Yi Jiang, Bryan Travis, Chad Knutson, Jinsuo Zhang, and Pawel Weronski

in Protocells: Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262182683
eISBN:
9780262282093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262182683.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter provides an extensive review of the physics of lipid self-assembly in water and the emergence of lipid micelles, lipid bilayers, and lipid vesicles. It describes the trans-bilayer and ... More


Gene–environment interaction in coronary artery disease: apolipoprotein E and smoking and the interleukin-6 gene and inflammation as examples

S. E. Humphries

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0032
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses gene-environment interaction in coronary artery disease (CAD). Topics covered include risk factors for CAD, apolipoprotein E and effect on lipid levels and coronary heart ... More


Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Alasdair Whittle and Penny Bickle (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Taking the European Neolithic as its focal point, this wide-ranging set of chapters illustrates how the different disciplinary paths within scientific and interpretative archaeology can be woven ... More


The physics of the cell membrane

Martin Michael Müller and Martine Ben Amar

in New Trends in the Physics and Mechanics of Biological Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 92, July 2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199605835
eISBN:
9780191729522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605835.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter introduces some important aspects of the physics of the cell membrane. After a short presentation of the biological facts the chapters shows how the elasticity of the lipid bilayer ... More


Intermediary metabolism and the biochemical-molecular basis of life history variation and trade-offs in two insect models

Anthony J. Zera and Lawrence G. Harshman

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0024
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Recent studies have shown that changes in intermediary metabolism are correlated with and likely contribute significantly to evolutionary changes in individual life history traits, and trade-offs ... More


Vascular and metabolic function across the life course

Debbie A Lawlor and Rebecca Hardy

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The pathophysiological process of atherosclerosis, which ultimately leads to cardiovascular disease, begins in childhood and young adulthood. This chapter describes the life course trajectories in ... More


Clinical Strategies for Neuronal Protection

Gregory W. Albers

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Cortical neurons are injured by acute insults, such as ischemia, trauma, and epilepsy, as well as by a variety of chronic neurodegenerative disorders. Although the events that initiate neuronal ... More


Pottery, Archaeology and Chemistry: Contents and Context

Jessica Smyth and Richard P. Evershed

in Early Farmers: The View from Archaeology and Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265758
eISBN:
9780191771965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265758.003.0018
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter reflects on the collaboration on a recent interdisciplinary project, SCHERD (a Study of Cuisine and animal husbandry among Early farmers via Residue analysis and radiocarbon Dating), ... More


The Chemistry of Life

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter introduces some basic concepts from chemistry and biology that are often at the heart of various approaches to artificial chemistries. It starts with the problem of how to define life, ... More


The Essence of Life

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter briefly explores the potential mechanisms underlying a transition from inanimate matter to life. First of all, the structure of a minimal cell is discussed, according to chemoton theory ... More


Correlation Field Splitting of Chain Vibrations: Structure and Dynamics in Lipid Bilayers and Biomembranes

Patrick T. T. Wong

in High Pressure Effects in Molecular Biophysics and Enzymology

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097221
eISBN:
9780197560839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097221.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Pressure-tuning vibrational spectroscopy was first introduced to the study of structural and dynamic properties in biological systems from our laboratory about one decade ago. One of our efforts ... More


Roots, Shoots, Leaves, and Grapes

David R. Dalton

in The Chemistry of Wine: From Blossom to Beverage and Beyond

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190687199
eISBN:
9780197559802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190687199.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

As noted earlier and as anticipated by Charles and Francis Darwin it has been argued that plants sense the direction of gravity (gravitropism) by movement of starch granules found in cells called ... More


View: