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Namibia: Group of Three and Western Contact Group

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the role and performance of the Group of Three and the Western Contact Group in the process leading to the independence of Namibia in 1990. At the United Nations level, ... More


Intermediate Organizations and Interest Representation

Kees Aarts

in Citizens and the State

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294733
eISBN:
9780191599699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294735.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Political and social linkages are widely regarded as indispensable for the stability of political regimes. If such linkages deteriorate, stability can suffer. This chapter investigates some ... More


Water Institutional Reforms in Developing Countries: Insights, Evidences, and Case Studies

López Ramón and Michael A. Toman

in Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While institutional reforms are critical for developing countries to enhance and sustain the economic and environmental contributions of their water sector, undertaking them is not an easy task in ... More


Structure

Matthew Flinders

in Delegated Governance and the British State: Walking without Order

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199271603
eISBN:
9780191709241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271603.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Having examined the long-term institutional layering and sedimentation that has occurred, this chapter sets out to map out the topography of the state as it currently exists. In doing so, it succeeds ... More


From Conflict to Agreement in Northern Ireland: Lessons from Europe

Antony Alcock

in Northern Ireland and the Divided World: Post-Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244348
eISBN:
9780191599866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244340.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Compares Northern Ireland with a number of other divided societies in Europe, including South Tyrol, Cyprus, and the Hungarian regions of Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia. It argues that states are ... More


Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Richard Gunther, José Ramón Montero, and Juan J. Linz (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is one in a series (Comparative Politics) for students and teachers of political science that deals with contemporary issues in comparative government and politics. After an introduction, ... More


Electoral Reform in Bolivia: Origins of the Mixed‐Member Proportional System

René Antonio Mayorga

in Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds?

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257683
eISBN:
9780191600241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925768X.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In 1994, Bolivia undertook a major constitutional and electoral reform, in which a closed‐list proportional representation (PR) system for the Lower House of the Congress was replaced by a ... More


Élite–Mass Linkages in Europe: Legitimacy Crisis or Party Crisis?

Rudy B. Andeweg

in Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A gap between representatives and the represented is an inevitable consequence of the separation of the principal and the agent. Despite a decrease in the trust of political leaders, there is no ... More


Preferential Sex Linkage of Sexually Selected Genes: Evidence and a New Explanation

Klaus Reinhold

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter discusses evidence and theory on sex chromosomal linkage of sexually selected traits that may be the key to a functional separation of sexual and natural selection. It reviews the ... More


Capitalism, City Space, and Class Formation: A Journey Organized By Friedrich Engels

Ira Katznelson

in Marxism and the City

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198279242
eISBN:
9780191601910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279248.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The previous chapter showed that neither David Harvey nor Manuel Castells in the early 1980s tackled the limitations of Marxist urban studies persuasively, each in his own way abandoning the project ... More


Introduction: Reviewing and Reassessing Parties

José Ramón Montero and Richard Gunther

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Some scholars have concluded that the existing literature on parties is sufficient, and that there is little more that can be learned through additional study in the aftermath of a century of ... More


Party Government, Patronage, and Party Decline in Western Europe

Jean Blondel

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Blondel approaches the question of party decline by asking to what extent it is a product of semi‐legal or illegal practices adopted by parties. At first glance it seems that the answer should be ... More


A Generalized Linkage Approach to Development, with Special Reference to Staples

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter turns to Hirschman's “linkage effects”—the means through which growth sectors can change the rest of the economy. First proposed in his 1958 book, The Strategy of Economic Development, ... More


Biogeochemical processes in high-latitude lakes and rivers

W. Berry Lyons and Jacques C. Finlay

in Polar Lakes and Rivers: Limnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199213887
eISBN:
9780191707506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Polar aquatic ecosystems are excellent laboratories for biogeochemical research. The polar regions are among the least modified by human activities, so there are opportunities to study biogeochemical ... More


THE LARGEST COMPONENT FOR A BINOMIAL PROCESS

Mathew Penrose

in Random Geometric Graphs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506263
eISBN:
9780191707858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506263.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter is mainly concerned with the largest component of G(n,r) in the thermodynamic limit (with a non-random number of points). In the subcritical case, the order of the largest component ... More


Conclusion

Alexander Betts

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides a summary overview of the chapters in the book, examining their collective contribution to understanding the institutions, politics, and normative dimensions of global migration ... More


Detecting Positive Selection

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Positive natural selection, though rare in comparison with negative selection, is the main evolutionary force responsible for adaptive evolutionary change. Using the neutral theory to generate null ... More


Biochemical consequences of imprinting

Gabriel Horn

in Memory, Imprinting, and the Brain: An Inquiry into Mechanisms

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521563
eISBN:
9780191706578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521563.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines biological aspects of imprinting. Several forms of learning involve a response to or the association of a response with a particular experience. In such ‘incremental’ forms of ... More


Macroeconomic Policies and Deforestation

Ropert Repetto

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Macroeconomic policies have pervasive influences on the use and conservation of forest resources in developing countries, and these can be visualized in terms of a set of concentric circles. At the ... More


Finding genes and specific genetic variants responsible for disease

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

In this chapter different approaches to defining the genetic basis of disease are introduced including linkage analysis, positional cloning, linkage disequilibrium mapping and genetic association ... More


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