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Approaching Universals from Below: I-Universals in Light of a Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory

Norbert Hornstein and Cedric Boeckx

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter focuses on linguistic universals embodied in Universal Grammar (UG), a characterization of the innate properties of the language faculty. Approaching language universals from a ... More


Language Universals and Usage-Based Theory

Joan Bybee

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the usage-based theory of language. It argues that from this perspective there are very few synchronic universals in the sense of features that can be found in all languages. ... More


Competence

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

A language is an abstract system that relates signals to meanings. Linguistics is the study of human languages. As characterized by contemporary linguists working in the paradigm of cognitive ... More


Language Universals in the Brain: How Linguistic Are They?

Müller Ralph-Axel

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter asks how the kind of language universals discussed in the previous chapters might be instantiated in human brains. It distinguishes between “shallow” and “deep” universals in cognition, ... More


On the Necessity of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Language Universals

Florencia Reali and Morten H. Christiansen

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Natural languages share common features known as linguistic universals but the nature and origin of these features remain controversial. Generative approaches propose that linguistic universals are ... More


Foundations of Universal Grammar in Planned Action

Mark Steedman

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter attempts to link the specific form taken by the universal grammatical mechanism that projects the finite lexicon of any given language onto the infinite set of strings of words paired ... More


Minimalist Behaviorism: The Role of the Individual in Explaining Language Universals

Thomas G. Bever

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter argues that linguistic universals need to be understood in terms of a model of language that incorporates both learned statistical patterns (“habits”) and derivations (“rules”). It ... More


Language Universals and the Performance-Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

John A. Hawkins

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines synchronic cross-linguistic patterns in grammars and language use. It proposes that “variation-defining” universals delimit the scope of possible variation across languages. ... More


Computational Models of Language Universals: Expressiveness, Learnability, and Consequences

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter reports on research showing that it may be a universal structural property of human languages that they fall into a class of languages defined by mildly context-sensitive grammars. It ... More


Philosophy of Linguistics

Paul Égré

in The Philosophy of Science: A Companion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190690649
eISBN:
9780190690670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690649.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter is an enquiry into the goals and methods of linguistics, with the aim of understanding both the specifics of the discipline and the relationships between linguists’ take on the ... More


The Universality of Diversity

Daniel Dor

in The Instruction of Imagination: Language as a Social Communication Technology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190256623
eISBN:
9780190256647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256623.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

In the last half-century, the universalistic hope to uncover the common, innately given structural foundations of all languages gradually diminished in most linguistic circles. At the same time, much ... More


What Can Formal or Computational Models Tell Us about How (Much) Language Shaped the Brain?

Briscoe Ted

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter considers arguments for and against language-specific learning bias or constraint on human languages within the framework of the debate over the role of innate constraints in human ... More


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