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Social Structure

Jan‐Erik Lane, David McKay, and Kenneth Newton

in Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198280538
eISBN:
9780191601934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828053X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

This section presents statistics on the social structure in OECD countries. It features tables on ethno-linguistic structure, religious structure, income distribution, labour force, migration, index ... More


Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Tyler Burge

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is made up of an introductory chapter, ten historical/philosophical chapters on Frege, and four postscripts to the chapters. The topics are divided into the three areas of the book's title: ... More


Mapping Spatial PPs: An Introduction

Guglielmo Cinque

in Mapping Spatial PPs: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures, Volume 6

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195393675
eISBN:
9780199796847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393675.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter discusses some of the main threads of the analyses proposed in the remaining chapters and one of their general implications: that phrases composed of spatial prepositions, ... More


The Language of Pliny the Elder

Harm Pinkster

in Aspects of the Language of Latin Prose

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263327
eISBN:
9780191734168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263327.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter suggests that long sentences need not be ‘periods’. It also aims to take Pliny seriously in his own right and shows a few characteristics of his language in the light of his general ... More


The Now-or-Never Processing Bottleneck

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Chapter 4 discusses how the immediacy of language processing provides a fundamental constraint on theories of language acquisition and evolution. Language happens in the here-and-now. Because memory ... More


The Frustrating Equation

Juan Uriagereka

in Spell‐Out and the Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199593521
eISBN:
9780191731402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593521.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter introduces dynamical frustration and suggests a role for it in the neurophysiological substrate of language. To explore this possibility, linguistic structuring it presented from the ... More


Introduction

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

A newcomer to the field of linguistics might be surprised to learn that for most of the 20th century, facts about the frequency of use of particular words, phrases, or constructions were considered ... More


Metre is music: a reply to Fabb and Halle

Bert Vaux and Neil Myler

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter makes additional comments on the discussion in Chapter 2. The theory of metrification presented by Fabb and Halle (F&H) seems to be flawed in a number of respects. At the root of the ... More


Animal reasoning and proto-logic

José Luis Bermúdez

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the concept of animal reasoning and proto-logic. It provides an account of rational processes can be correlated or applied ... More


Recursion as a Usage-Based Skill

Morten H. Christiansen and Nick Chater

in Creating Language: Integrating Evolution, Acquisition, and Processing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034319
eISBN:
9780262334778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034319.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The experience-based approach to language processing suggests that our ability to generate complex syntactic structures may emerge gradually, construction by construction. This contrasts with most ... More


Enduring themes in sentence comprehension:: Projecting linguistic structures

David J. Townsend

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter reviews evidence for LAST (Late Assignment of Syntax Theory), an architecture that integrates habit-based strategies and rule-based grammar into a model of comprehension. According to ... More


Can There Be Linguistic Norms?

Anne Reboul

in The Normative Animal?: On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral, and Linguistic Norms

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190846466
eISBN:
9780190846497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190846466.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter discusses the existence of linguistic norms (defined as socially determined and commonly shared criteria for correctness of action specific to language). It considers linguistic ... More


Conclusions: The Decline, Death and Afterlife of a Language

Yaron Matras

in Romani in Britain: The Afterlife of a Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748639045
eISBN:
9780748671526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639045.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter summarises the historical scenario which has been proposed as an explanation for the emergence of Angloromani. The key questions in the fields of language contact, language death, and ... More


The universality and uniqueness of recursion-in-language

David J. Lobina

in Recursion: A Computational Investigation into the Representation and Processing of Language

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785156
eISBN:
9780191827235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785156.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The role of recursion in language is universal and unique. It is universal because the (Specifier)-Head-Complement(s) geometry is the type of structuring that all phrases and all languages ... More


Afterword The impact of “The cognitive basis for linguistic structures”: A retrospective reflection, reconstruction, and appreciation

Michael K. Tanenhaus

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0024
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter analyzes why CBLS has played such a central role in the history of psycholinguistic research. On the one hand, many lines of research in sentence processing were inspired by the ... More


The Roots of Romani

Yaron Matras

in Romani in Britain: The Afterlife of a Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748639045
eISBN:
9780748671526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639045.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter describes the historical origins of Romani and its split into different dialects. A series of innovations surpass as separating Romani from the bulk of the Indo-Aryan language group. The ... More


Conceptualizing the Event: The Relationship between Infants’ Representations and Linguistic Organization

Laura Lakusta and Laura Wagner

in Core Knowledge and Conceptual Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467630
eISBN:
9780190611965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467630.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that infants’ preverbal representations are organized in ways often consistent with universal linguistic structures. The focus is on events, which are a core organizing force in ... More


Linguistic Perspectives on Writing Development

Ruth A. Berman

in Writing Development in Children with Hearing Loss, Dyslexia, or Oral Language Problems: Implications for Assessment and Instruction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199827282
eISBN:
9780190231781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199827282.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The chapter describes qualitatively motivated, quantifiable means for evaluating written language expression devised within the framework of a cross-linguistic project investigating text-construction ... More


Morphology as an adaptive discriminative system

James P. Blevins

in Word and Paradigm Morphology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199593545
eISBN:
9780191761492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593545.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Classical WP models exploit the implicational structure of morphological systems but do not investigate the basis of this structure. Discriminative learning models based on the Resorla-Wagner ... More


Asterios Polyp and the Structure of Visual Images

Hannah Miodrag

in Comics and Language: Reimagining Critical Discourse on the Form

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781617038044
eISBN:
9781621039556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781617038044.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter examines visual images in comics by analyzing David Mazzucchelli’s Asterios Polyp. It considers visual signs, and outlines a more precise and specific conception of the semiotic ... More


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