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Semantics as a Mentalistic Enterprise

Ray Jackendoff

in Foundations of Language: Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198270126
eISBN:
9780191713255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270126.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter begins by couching the questions of semantic theory in mentalistic terms, so that semantics can be compatible with generative grammar. It contrasts this position with a number of other ... More


On Events in Linguistic Semantics

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses part of the scientific background that appears to be operative in linguistic semantics, guiding the psychological inquiry, and gives some examples of applications of the ... More


Universals and Variation in the Lexicon of Mental State Concepts

Cliff Goddard

in Words and the Mind: How words capture human experience

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195311129
eISBN:
9780199776924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311129.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) is a system of meaning analysis that is a powerful analytical tool for understanding the mental state concepts of different languages. This chapter begins with ... More


What Did Jesus Mean?: Explaining the Sermon on the Mount and the Parables in Simple and Universal Human Concepts

Anna Wierzbicka

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137330
eISBN:
9780199867905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137337.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This book explores the meaning of Jesus’ key sayings and parables from a radically new perspective – that of simple and universal human concepts, found in all languages. Building on modern biblical ... More


Words and Meanings: Lexical Semantics Across Domains, Languages, and Cultures

Cliff Goddard and Anna Wierzbicka

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199668434
eISBN:
9780191748691
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668434.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

This book presents a series of systematic, empirically based studies of word meanings. Each chapter investigates key expressions drawn from different domains of the lexicon – concrete, abstract, ... More


Language, Meaning, and Information: A Case Study on the Path from Philosophy to Science

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter is a case study of the process by which the attempt to solve philosophical problems sometimes leads to the birth of new domains of scientific inquiry. It traces how advances in logic and ... More


Meaning Diminished: Toward Metaphysically Modest Semantics

Kenneth A. Taylor

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198803447
eISBN:
9780191841620
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803447.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book examines the dialectical role of semantic analysis within metaphysical inquiry. It argues that semantic analysis ought to be modest in its metaphysical pretensions in the sense that ... More


Personhood constructs in language and thought: New evidence from Danish

Carsten Levisen

in The Semantics of Nouns

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198736721
eISBN:
9780191800382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198736721.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter analyses personhood constructs, a particular type of noun whose meanings conceptualize invisible parts of a person. The meaning of personhood constructs originates in cultural ... More


Review of Language, Music, And Mind by Diana Raffman

John Sloboda

in Exploring the Musical Mind: Cognition, emotion, ability, function

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198530121
eISBN:
9780191689741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530121.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Diana Raffman's basic thrust of argument is that musical knowledge involves a level of representation that is necessarily non-propositional. There is, in other words, a type of musical knowledge that ... More


Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Luis Alonso-Ovalle and Paula Menéndez-Benito (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Within formal semantics, research on the expression of modality in natural language has traditionally focused on verbs. This book brings together novel work on the semantics and pragmatics of some ... More


I Know: A Human Universal

Anna Wierzbicka

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that a philosophical account of human epistemology needs to be complemented by a linguistic one, informed by analytical and empirical experience of cross-linguistic semantics. The ... More


“Know” and Its Japanese Counterparts, Shitte-iru and Wakatte-iru

Masaharu Mizumoto

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines two Japanese (purported) knowledge verbs, shitte-iru and wakatte-iru, first through the data of felicity judgment and then data from questionnaire surveys with standard ... More


Charting the speaker-relatedness of impersonal pronouns: Contrastive evidence from English, French, and Thai

Minyao Huang, Jiranthara Srioutai, and Mélanie Gréaux

in Expressing the Self: Cultural Diversity and Cognitive Universals

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198786658
eISBN:
9780191828966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786658.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Impersonal pronouns have been claimed to express generic reference that possesses a special connection to the speaker in unembedded contexts. Drawing on cross-linguistic data and new experimental ... More


Multiple Chinese Verbs Equivalent to the English Verb “Know”

Kiyohide Arakawa and Masaharu Mizumoto

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the basic grammatical and semantic features of knowledge verbs in Chinese—renshi, zhidao, and liaojie—and compares them with their counterparts in English and Japanese. The ... More


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