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The Morphosyntactic Level

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

in Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter turns to the encoding of the distinctions made at the Interpersonal and Representational Levels in morphosyntactic form. The layered structure distinguishes Clause, Phrase, Word and ... More


Metaphor The Central Trope

Sam Glucksberg

in Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195111095
eISBN:
9780199872107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111095.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter treats metaphor as a form of linguistic expression rather than as a form of conceptual representation. Metaphor as a form of substitution is critically analyzed and found wanting. Three ... More


Aristotle's De Interpretatione 8 is about Ambiguity *

Susanne Bobzien

in Maieusis: Essays in Ancient Philosophy in Honour of Myles Burnyeat

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199289974
eISBN:
9780191711008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289974.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter shows that contrary to the prevalent view, in his De Interpretatione 8, Aristotle is concerned with homonymy; more precisely, with homonymy of linguistic expressions as it may occur in ... More


The semantics of Time

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents an application of LCCM Theory to the semantics of time. In particular, it presents a taxonomy of different sorts of linguistic expressions for the expression of time, and ... More


Terra Firma

Howard Wettstein

in The Significance of Religious Experience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841363
eISBN:
9780199950003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841363.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Religion

The chapter opens with a sketch of the author’s philosophical naturalism, a tendency with a long history, but considerably different that the naturalisms that are popular today. The chapter’s thesis ... More


Basics of reference in discourse

Andrej A. Kibrik

in Reference in Discourse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199215805
eISBN:
9780191728426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents the basics of reference in discourse and introduces the reader to the book's understanding of reference. This chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the limits ... More


Kant's Hypothetical Imperatives—Imperatives of ‘Skill’—Hypothetical and Categorical Imperatives

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

By an ‘imperative’ Kant understands the linguistic expression of a ‘command’. ‘The conception of an objective principle, so far as it constrains a will, is a command (of reason), and the formula of ... More


Translating Egypt's Revolution: The Language of Tahrir (A Tahrir Studies Edition)

Samia Mehrez (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789774165337
eISBN:
9781617971303
Item type:
book
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165337.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This unique interdisciplinary collective project is the culmination of research and translation work conducted by AUC students of different cultural and linguistic backgrounds who continue to witness ... More


The Future in Thought and Talk

David R. Gibson

in Talk at the Brink: Deliberation and Decision during the Cuban Missile Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151311
eISBN:
9781400842438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151311.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops the book's theoretical perspective. It begins with some foundational ideas about how we think about the future, particularly in connection with making choices. It then builds ... More


The Expression of the Norm-positing Act—Statements about Norms

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0038
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The act whose meaning is a norm can be performed in quite different ways. By a gesture: the traffic policeman orders people to stop with a motion of his arm, and then orders them to proceed with ... More


Grammar and Logic

Nirmalangshu Mukherji

in The Primacy of Grammar

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014052
eISBN:
9780262280310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014052.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter points out that human beings’ grammatical knowledge interact with reasoning abilities related to their intentions, desires, purposes, and world cultures, among others. Although “semantic ... More


Thinking and Willing: Their Inter-relationship

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0042
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Thinking and willing are indeed two different functions, but they can be connected. This is possible in different ways. One can make a statement (in the sense of the expression of the meaning of an ... More


Sigwart's Theory of the Assertion Contained in an Imperative

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0053
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

No fact can ever contain an assertion, and so neither does the fact of speaking or uttering an imperative. An assertion — i.e. a statement — is the meaning of an act of thought, and to speak or utter ... More


Norm and Statement as Different Significations of a Sentence

Hans Kelsen

in General Theory of Norms

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198252177
eISBN:
9780191681363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198252177.003.0041
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

From the logical point of view, the decisive factor in distinguishing norms from statements about norms is the difference between a norm, whatever its linguistic expression may be, e.g. imperative ... More


Systematicity

Robert Cummins

in The World in the Head

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199548033
eISBN:
9780191809835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199548033.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains the argument of Jerry Fodor that the human scheme of mental representation exhibits a classical structure, implying that the systematicity of thought and language is best ... More


Meaning and Content in Cognitive Science

Robert Cummins and Martin Roth

in The World in the Head

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199548033
eISBN:
9780191809835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199548033.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter describes the prospects for a cognitive science of ‘meaning’ and ‘content’. It considers ‘meaning’ as a property of linguistic expressions or acts, while ‘content’ is described as a ... More


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