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How Much Multilingualism?: Language Diversity on the Internet

John C. Paolillo

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Linguistic diversity on the Internet is often said to be increasing, particularly by marketing research groups seeking to identify global trends in Internet business. This chapter addresses how well ... More


Diversity and Disenfranchisement Indices

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter is concerned with the measurement of diversity. It distinguishes two main types of indices: fractionalization indices and disenfranchisement indices. Fractionalization indices capture ... More


How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Victor Ginsburgh and Shiomo Weber

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In the global economy, linguistic diversity influences economic and political development as well as public policies in positive and negative ways. It leads to financial costs, communication ... More


Diversity and Disenfranchisement: Applications

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses applications of the fractionalization, polarization, and disenfranchisement indices introduced in Chapter 6. Fractionalization and polarization indices are used in more and ... More


Introduction: Welcome to the Multilingual Internet

Brenda Danet and Susan C. Herring

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This introductory chapter reviews research on the language(s) of CMC in a variety of linguistic/sociocultural contexts, focusing on constraints of writing systems; linguistic and discourse features ... More


My Language Is My Homeland

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the importance that people attach to their native language and culture. It argues that the preservation of linguistic diversity and respect for the cultural heritage of members ... More


The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Brenda Danet and Susan C. Herring (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Although English is the de facto lingua franca of the Internet, most Internet users are not native speakers of English. Two-thirds of the one billion users now online communicate in other languages, ... More


Introduction

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, which is to analyze the trade-off between the quest for efficiency that a small number of languages is thought to foster and a reduction in ... More


Linguistic Policies, Disenfranchisement, and Standardization

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter describes how linguistic policies have led to the alienation and disenfranchisement of various groups or individuals restricted in their linguistic rights. It starts with a brief tour of ... More


 Reflections on the Musical Diversity of Chinese Churches in the United States

Maria M. Chow

in Music in American Religious Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173048
eISBN:
9780199872091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173048.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

Based on a fifteen-month survey of different Chinese American churches and hymnals, this chapter examines the choices made by immigrants from different parts and different linguistic traditions in ... More


Language in Culture and the Media: Complexity and Change

Jacqueline Mowbray

in Linguistic Justice: International Law and Language Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646616
eISBN:
9780191745485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646616.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Philosophy of Law

Patterns of language use in culture and the media are complex, differentiated, and continually evolving, particularly in response to processes of globalisation. This chapter uses the work of Pierre ... More


Linguistic, Genetic, and Cultural Distances: How Far Is Nostratic?

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the linguistic, genetic, and cultural aspects of a society or a nation. These aspects are often correlated, since all three are closely linked not only to nature but also to ... More


Conclusions

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. It argues that the development of optimal and sensible linguistic policies has to balance the will of the people and their ... More


Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Peter K. Austin and Julia Sallabank (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Over the few past centuries, and the last 65 years in particular, there has been a remarkable reduction in global linguistic diversity, as people abandon minority language varieties and switch to ... More


Multilingualism in the European Union: A Case Study in Linguistic Policy

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter presents a case study of linguistic policies in the European Union. Linguistic policies should achieve a delicate balance, taking into account efficiency considerations without ... More


UN Discourse on Linguistic Diversity and Multilingualism in the 2000s:: Actor Analysis, Ideological Foundations, and Instrumental Functions*

Anahit Minasyan

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter endeavours to respond to Fishman’s appeal for ideological clarification by focusing on the often-neglected role of supranational actors (including an analysis of their own constitutive ... More


Linguistic Diversity

Philippe Van Parijs

in Linguistic Justice for Europe and for the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199208876
eISBN:
9780191803284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199208876.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the notion of linguistic diversity in relation to linguistic justice. It first considers whether expansion or contraction of linguistic diversity matters, and whether ... More


Language Law of the European Union: Protecting or Eroding Linguistic Diversity?

Bruno de Witte

in Culture and European Union Law

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199275472
eISBN:
9780191699825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275472.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Adopting a common currency among Member States of the European Union instead of using those countries' national currencies has paved the way for economic benefits and reinforced political cohesion ... More


Distances Matter

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in How Many Languages Do We Need?: The Economics of Linguistic Diversity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136899
eISBN:
9781400838905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136899.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The linguistic, genetic, and cultural distances discussed in Chapter 3 have important applications, and many economists have shown that they matter greatly. This chapter focuses on inter-country ... More


Linguistic Diversity, Standardization, and Disenfranchisement: Measurement and Consequences

Victor Ginsburgh and Shlomo Weber

in The Economics of Language Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034708
eISBN:
9780262335980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In this chapter we examine the notion of linguistic and other types of societal diversity that have become an important factor in evaluating economic, political and societal progress. While most of ... More


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