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Language Use

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that language use does not provide persuasive evidence for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence, and that RT is implausible. RT is not supported by the ... More


A Grammar as a Theory of Linguistic Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues against Chomsky’s view that linguistics is a branch of psychology, and hence concerns a psychological reality: the speaker’s linguistic competence. With the help of three quite ... More


The Rejection of Behaviorism

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter looks critically at what might be called “philosophical arguments” for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence. It considers an argument sometimes suggested ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Intuitions

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter starts by arguing against the received view that the intuitive judgments of speakers are the main evidence for a grammar. Still, they are evidence and an explanation for this is ... More


Thought Before Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Starting from the appealing folk idea that “language expresses thought”, this chapter argues that the psychological reality of language should be investigated from a perspective on thought. The idea ... More


Competence

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

A language is an abstract system that relates signals to meanings. Linguistics is the study of human languages. As characterized by contemporary linguists working in the paradigm of cognitive ... More


Introduction

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Chomsky’s view, linguistics is about a psychological state, the speaker’s knowledge of language which constitutes her linguistic competence. This knowledge is said to underlie her linguistic ... More


Some Actual Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter places some historically interesting actual positions among the possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence. There is strong evidence that Chomsky is committed ... More


A Cognitive View of Synonymy

Werner Hüllen

in Networks and Knowledge in Roget's Thesaurus

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553235
eISBN:
9780191720352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553235.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Lexicography

The chapter provides a concept of synonymy which all my historical and book-orientated research has as its basis. Synonymy is not merely an anomaly in the semiotic system because it disregards the ... More


Folk Psychology

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the argument for the Representational Thesis (RT) from the folk psychological view that a person competent in a language “knows” the language. Despite Chomsky’s objections, it ... More


 Historical Precedent

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter proceeds by pointing out that the epistemic view is known to be correct for older philosophical problems that are structurally analogous to the logical problem, problems which concern ... More


Some Possible Positions on Psychological Reality

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter describes possible positions on psychological reality, on linguistic competence, that vary according to whether or not the rules of the language are embodied in the mind; to whether or ... More


Linguistic Knowledge

Michael Devitt

in Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195389364
eISBN:
9780199932368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389364.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is a truism that speakers of a language “know” the language. Many in philosophy and linguistics make a propositional assumption about this knowledge: it is knowledge that. Sometimes the knowledge ... More


Competence with Demonstratives

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the impression of conflict between the aim of preserving perspective and the aim of preserving reference — induced by the distinction between those aspects of language use ... More


Conclusion

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

In the context of the debate between the rationality thesis and the irrationality thesis, the question is about whether humans have the normative principles of reasoning in their reasoning ... More


Against logical form

Zoltán Gendler Szabó

in Donald Davidson on Truth, Meaning, and the Mental

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697519
eISBN:
9780191742316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697519.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

According to the traditional doctrine of logical form, sentences have an underlying structure which lays bare their inferential profiles. Logical form is supposed to be inherent in the sentence (not ... More


A Formal Model of Utterance Interpretation

LUTZ MARTEN

in At the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Verbal Underspecification and Concept Formation in Dynamic Syntax

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199250639
eISBN:
9780191719479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250639.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides the theoretical background to the study. Based on the two major theories behind the analysis — Dynamic Syntax and Relevance Theory — it develops a formal model of utterance ... More


The Poverty of the Stimulus

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chomsky had been able to look into how various theses—representationalism, biological boundedness, domain specificity, innateness and universal grammar—may be used in explaining the acquisition and ... More


Changing Modes of Discourses: Shift from English to Regional Languages

B.L. Shankar and Valerian Rodrigues

in The Indian Parliament: A Democracy at Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198067726
eISBN:
9780199080434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198067726.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

What should be the language of the nation? Is national identity coextensive with linguistic identity? Apart from such weighty concerns as the nature of India's national identity and democracy, these ... More


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