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Clausewitz and the Non‐Linear Nature of Warfare: Systems of Organized Complexity

Alan Beyerchen

in Clausewitz in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199232024
eISBN:
9780191716133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232024.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Clausewitz availed himself of the physics and mathematics terminology of his time, some of which addressed problems of simplicity with Newtonian concepts, while some treated problems of disorganized ... More


ELEMENTS OF DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND SIGNAL PROCESSING

Helmuth Spieler

in Semiconductor Detector Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527848
eISBN:
9780191713248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527848.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter first describes logic functions and illustrates how false signals are formed due to timing errors. Basic logic circuits are described (NMOS, PMOS, CMOS) together with propagation delays ... More


The Perception of Expression

Mark Tatham and Katherine Morton

in Expression in Speech: Analysis and Synthesis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250677
eISBN:
9780191719462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250677.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter emphasizes the goal of the speaker as the production of a speech waveform containing the components, which will trigger adequate perception in the listener. Current limitations to ... More


The Rise of Economies Based on Relationships and Maintenance

Geoff Mulgan

in The Locust and the Bee: Predators and Creators in Capitalism's Future

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165745
eISBN:
9781400866199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165745.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter argues that although most people think of the economy as made up of stuff such as new cars, tins of food, or mortgages; or in many of the wealthier economies the dominant sectors are ... More


Inertia

Sam Rohdie

in Film Modernism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781784992637
eISBN:
9781526104151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784992637.003.0023
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Godard’s cinema was a model for Bertolucci and his Prima della rivoluzione (1964) is Bertolucci’s most godardian film. It has Godard’s looseness, openness and sense of the casual, his episodic ... More


Household Income Dynamics in Rural China

Jyotsna Jalan and Martin Ravallion

in Insurance Against Poverty

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199276837
eISBN:
9780191601620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276838.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The non-linearity in household income and expenditure dynamics in rural China is tested. It is shown that the speed of recovery from a transient shock is slower for those with lower initial income. ... More


MULTIPLE SPECIES OF POSITIVE IONS IN NORMAL LIQUID 3HE

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The realization that ions of different size are produced in liquid 3He with different concentrations of 4He isotopic impurities has allowed researchers to select the ion to be studied just by ... More


Separability and Linear Engel Curves

W. M. Gorman

C. Blackorby and A. F. Shorrocks (eds)

in Separability and Aggregation: The Collected Works of W. M. Gorman, Volume I

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198285212
eISBN:
9780191596322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198285213.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter comprises three notes from unpublished typescripts on the relationship between separability and the linearity of Engel curves, which have been put together into one paper with three ... More


Stories for Eyes, Ears, and Muscles: The Evolution of Embodied Simulations

Torben Grodal

in Embodied Visions: Evolution, Emotion, Culture and Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371314
eISBN:
9780199870585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371314.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The chapter discusses how storytelling represents an innate mental capacity to synthesize an agency’s perceptual input, its emotions, and its output in terms of action. Insight into the architecture ... More


Coda: Gilliam’s Art of the Possible

Susanne Kord

in 12 Monkeys

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781999334000
eISBN:
9781800342491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781999334000.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter talks about getting caught in a loop as one of Terry Gilliam's greatest fears, much like the one that characterises the 12 Monkeys series, which has become derivative and repetitive. It ... More


EXTENSIONAL EQUIVALENCE

David Lyons

in Forms and Limits of Utilitarianism

Published in print:
1965
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241973
eISBN:
9780191724817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241973.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Why should one suppose that it makes an important difference how the principle of utility is applied? Why should philosophers be inclined to assume that acts are assessed differently when they are ... More


Elections Without Democracy: The False Starts, 1975–97

Larbi Sadiki

in Rethinking Arab Democratization: Elections without Democracy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562985
eISBN:
9780191721182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562985.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter examines the democratic stirrings between 1975 and 1997 as an important background and Arab ‘election fetishism’ post-1997. Thus, it provides referential material for understanding ... More


Globalization, Literacy Levels, and Economic Development

Alok Bhargava

in The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584758
eISBN:
9780191594533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Chapter 3 estimates models for GDP growth rates, poverty levels, and inequality measures for the period 1990–2000 using data on 54 developing countries at five‐yearly intervals. Issues of ... More


Reductionism, Holism and Emergence

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Vector addition will be too simple a model for the composition of all causes because there will be many cases where causes do not add. There are overdose and escalatory cases as well as antipathetic ... More


Urban Planning, Built Environment, and the Structure of Cities

Benjamin Fraser

in Visible Cities, Global Comics: Urban Images and Spatial Form

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781496825032
eISBN:
9781496825025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496825032.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Comics Studies

This chapter analyzes a group of comics in which the large-scale machinations of urban planning culture have negatively impacted the life of city dwellers. Norwegian artist Hariton Pushwagner’s Soft ... More


1 Concepts, models, and definitions

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter gives a brief overview of the basic concepts and topics used in the book. There exists a large literature on linear stationary models. The purpose of the present book is to look at ... More


5 Testing linearity against parametric alternatives

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The topic of this chapter is testing linearity of a model when the alternative is a parametric nonlinear model nesting a linear model. The case leading to standard asymptotic inference is discussed ... More


7 Nonparametric specification tests

Timo Teräsvirta, Dag Tjøstheim, and W. J. Granger

in Modelling Nonlinear Economic Time Series

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199587148
eISBN:
9780191595387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587148.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

It is described how nonparametric techniques can be used to test model specification. This is done by comparing nonparametrically estimated quantities with corresponding estimates using a specified ... More


An improved voltage clamp for gating current recording from the squid giant axon

Ian C. Forster and Nikolaus G. Greeff

in Cephalopod Neurobiology: Neuroscience Studies in Squid, Octopus and Cuttlefish

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198547907
eISBN:
9780191724299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198547907.003.0070
Subject:
Neuroscience, Invertebrate Neurobiology

This chapter deals with three aspects of cylindrical voltage-clamp designs, namely, dynamic response, noise performance, and system linearity. The clamp dynamic performance affects both the speed and ... More


Phonology and dependency

John M. Anderson

in The Substance of Language Volume III: Phonology-Syntax Analogies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608331
eISBN:
9780191732119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608331.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Phonetics / Phonology

The presence of the dependency relation, more familiar from discussions of syntax, is nevertheless argued to be a basic analogy between phonological and syntactic structure: it grammaticalizes ... More


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