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Fins and Limbs

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on the evolutionary processes underlying fins and limbs. Some of the most momentous periods in the history of the human lineage involved evolutionary changes to the paired ... More


Conscious‐Awareness: Life's Illusory Legacy

Michael N. Marsh

in Out-of-Body and Near-Death Experiences: Brain-State Phenomena or Glimpses of Immortality?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571505
eISBN:
9780191722059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571505.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, Theology

The preceding chapter encapsulates the argument that extra-corporeal experiences (ECE) are probably best accounted for in terms of functional perturbations of brains in their recovery from severe ... More


Internal Capsule

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter begins with a historical account of the study of the internal capsule. It then discusses the results of the investigation of the internal capsule of rhesus monkey brains. Topics covered ... More


Proximal-to-Distal Sequencing Behavior and Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Leonel Olmedo, and Kazutaka Takahashi

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Proximal-to-distal sequencing of limb segments is characteristic of a number of motor behaviors, including throwing, hitting, jumping, and perhaps even reach-to-grasp. Moreover, shoulder- and ... More


Digits and Digit Identity

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates the evolutionary and developmental biology of digits, focusing on what these appendages can teach us about character identity and character origination. The idea that digits ... More


Phantom Limb: Amputation, Embodiment, and Prosthetic Technology

Cassandra S. Crawford

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789285
eISBN:
9780814764824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789285.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Phantom limb pain is one of the most intractable and merciless pains ever known—a pain that haunts appendages that do not physically exist, often persisting with uncanny realness long after fleshy ... More


Primate Locomotor Evolution: Biomechanical Studies of Primate Locomotion and Their Implications for Understanding Primate Neuroethology

Daniel Schmitt

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter argues that primates (including humans) show patterns of locomotion and locomotor control that are different from all other mammals. Changes in limb function associated with the adaptive ... More


How Vertebrates Left the Water

Michel Laurin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266476
eISBN:
9780520947986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266476.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

More than three hundred million years ago—a relatively recent date in the two billion years since life first appeared—vertebrate animals first ventured onto land. This illustrated book describes how ... More


Emilio Bizzi

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Emilio Bizzi. Bizzi's research formed the basis of a comprehensive theory—the equilibrium-point hypothesis—which accounts for how the central nervous system ... More


Prehension

Ian Q. Whishaw

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses the skilled movements of the laboratory rat. Topics covered include limb structure and movement, food handling, sensory control, reaching movements, arpeggio movement, strain ... More


Assessing disorders of awareness and representation of body parts

Carlo Semenza

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.12
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the various pathological conditions involved in disorders of awareness and representation of body parts. It then discusses autotopagnosia, personal neglect ... More


The neuropsychological assessment and treatment of disorders of voluntary movement

Georg Goldenberg

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.020
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter discusses the assessment and treatment of incorrect awkward movements and disturbed voluntary control of motor actions. Incorrect and awkward movements can occur on one or both sides of ... More


Scruples (Clones and Stand-ins)

Peter Szendy

in Phantom Limbs: On Musical Bodies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267057
eISBN:
9780823272303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267057.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

A return to Benjamin, Diderot and the concept of effiction. Hypothesis of a tempo proper to the evolution of bodies in the musical field, one that gives birth to phantom limbs.


Hierarchy

Sarah Kay

in The Chansons de Geste in the Age of Romance: Political Fictions

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198151920
eISBN:
9780191672903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151920.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

According to French social anthropologist Louis Dumont, hierarchy refers to the ‘principle by which elements of a whole are ranked in relation to the whole’, wherein the whole covers its parts. ... More


Limb controller

G. N. Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner

in Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524052
eISBN:
9780191724497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524052.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter focuses on the spinal mechanisms controlling stepping and scratching movements of the cat's hind limb. The reasons for considering scratching are two-fold: first, the stepping and ... More


Rethinking Modern Prostheses in Anglo-American Commodity Cultures, 1820-1939

Claire L. Jones (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781526101426
eISBN:
9781526124166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526101426.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Drawing together essays written by scholars from Great Britain and the United States, this book provides an important contribution to the emerging field of disability history. It explores the ... More


BCIs That Use Sensorimotor Rhythms

Gert Pfurtscheller and Dennis J. McFarland

in Brain–Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388855
eISBN:
9780199932689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388855.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Movement and motor imagery are accompanied by changes in rhythmic activity recorded over the sensorimotor cortex. Decreases and increases in these sensorimotor rhythms (SMRs) are referred as ... More


How the Body Shapes the Mind

Shaun Gallagher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199271948
eISBN:
9780191603112
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271941.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book contributes to the idea that to have an understanding of the mind, consciousness, or cognition, a detailed scientific and phenomenological understanding of the body is essential. There is ... More


Other tumour-associated problems

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0026
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter focuses on renal failure, adrenal failure, hypercalcaemia, paraneoplastic syndromes, cachexia, limb oedema, and thrombosis. In it, the epidemiology, aetiology, interventions, and ... More


Characterizing Phantoms: Features of Phantom Limb Syndrome

Cassandra S. Crawford

in Phantom Limb: Amputation, Embodiment, and Prosthetic Technology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789285
eISBN:
9780814764824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789285.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter examines the features of phantom limb syndrome and how corporeal ideology influenced efforts to legitimate the work being done on phantom limb syndrome. It first considers the ambiguity ... More


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