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Toward Basic Principles for Emotional Processing: What the Fearful Brain Tells the Robot

JEAN-MARC FELLOUS and JOSEPH E. LEDOUX

in Who Needs Emotions?: The brain meets the robot

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195166194
eISBN:
9780199847020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195166194.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter examines the basic principles governing emotional processing. It re-evaluates the concept of the limbic system and identifies the ... More


 Context‐Specific Versus Context‐Invariant Spatial Coding in the Hippocampal Formation: Implications for Episodic Memory

Patricia E. Sharp

in Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323245
eISBN:
9780199869268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323245.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of the idea of the hippocampus is a cognitive map. It then discusses the limbic system, which contains several distinct cell types that show environmentally ... More


The allocortex and limbic system

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The phylogenetically oldest parts of the cerebral cortex are distinguished morphologically from the typical six-layered structure of the isocortex and neocortex, and have been subsumed under the term ... More


Neural Bases

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the neural bases of aggression and describes how they affect human functioning. It describes the results of lower animal research on the effects of brain stimulation and ... More


Hyperactivity and hypersynchrony in neural networks as substrates for tinnitus?

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

The scenario of hyperactivity and hypersynchrony suggests that central gain change alone can account for both hyperacusis and tinnitus. The finding that in patients with a primary complaint of ... More


Schizophrenia: clinical features and brain mechanisms

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Schizophrenia is to many the most fascinating and elusive of medical disorders. The strangeness of its psychiatric manifestations, particularly the thought distortion and the flatness or ... More


Depression and mania: clinical features and brain mechanisms

Heather Ashton

in Brain Function and Psychotropic Drugs

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192622426
eISBN:
9780191724749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622426.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

It is clear, from the clinical manifestations and observed physiological changes, that brain systems for arousal and sleep, reward and punishment, and learning and memory are involved in depression ... More


Emotions

Dana H. Ballard

in Brain Computation as Hierarchical Abstraction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028615
eISBN:
9780262323819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028615.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Early thinking on the role of emotions in cognition sometimes characterized them as a liability, but the modern understanding the computational role of emotions places them at the centre of fast ... More


Homologizing human emotions

ANDREW D. LAWRENCE and ANDREW J. CALDER

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents further neurological evidence relating to the role of emotions in individual psychology. It contrasts accounts of the neural structure of emotional systems that posit a general ... More


Risky and impulsive components of adolescent decision making

B.J. Casey, Todd A. Hare, and Adriana Galván

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Adolescence is a developmental period which is often characterized as a time of impulsive and risky choices leading to increased incidence of unintentional injuries and violence, alcohol and drug ... More


Motor Programming for Hand and Vocalizing Movements

Hisae Gemba

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter presents a study in which a monkey was trained for hand movement and vocalization, and cortical field potentials were recorded during the movement by a pair of electrodes implanted in ... More


The Etiology and Neurobiology of Violence

Brigitte Vallabhajosula

in Murder in the Courtroom: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Violence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199995721
eISBN:
9780190221584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199995721.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Violent behavior is a significant social problem; however, the exact neuroanatomical region responsible for this behavior still remains somewhat elusive. Converging evidence from numerous studies of ... More


Toward a neurobiology of musical emotions

Isabelle Peretz, William Aubé, and Jorge L. Armony

in Evolution of Emotional Communication: From Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199583560
eISBN:
9780191747489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The objective of this chapter is to present current knowledge about musical emotions from a neuropsychological perspective. With limbic mediation, consistency, and precociousness, musical emotions ... More


Emotion versus reason as a genetic conflict

CHRISTOPHER BADCOCK

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that there are genetic reasons for postulating a conflict between rationality and emotion in human decision-making. It puts forward evidence that genes that build the limbic ... More


Brain networks for the encoding of emotions in communication sounds of human and nonhuman primates

Josef P. Rauschecker

in Evolution of Emotional Communication: From Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199583560
eISBN:
9780191747489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter builds on the notion of processing hierarchies and processing streams that was developed in auditory cortical neurophysiology of primates over the last 20 years. The anterior-ventral ... More


Crying and adaptation: the hardware

Ad Vingerhoets

in Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the mysteries of tears

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198570240
eISBN:
9780191744723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570240.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter emphasizes that crying, first of all, is a reaction of the brain and that there is a connection with stress reactions and emotions that are these all serving our capacity to adapt to ... More


The Brain

Kelly Bulkeley

in Big Dreams: The Science of Dreaming and the Origins of Religion

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199351534
eISBN:
9780199351565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351534.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter addresses the question of whether the brain shuts down its most important functions during sleep. If this were true, it would suggest that dreaming emerges during a time of degraded ... More


Phantom Limbs

Stephen Gaukroger

in Embodiment: A History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190490447
eISBN:
9780190490478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190490447.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Phantom limbs pose a philosophical problem about the location of pains. The work of Descartes first used them to make a philosophical point about the brain in relation to the body. They have ... More


The Prevention of Crime

Brian H. Bornstein and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

in Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Assessment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190696344
eISBN:
9780190696375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696344.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

In his final chapter, Münsterberg moves from the psychological questions of earlier chapters to the questions of how to prevent crime and whether criminals are “born” or “made.” The psychology of ... More


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