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Vision in Attenuating Media

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter argues that it is important to understand vision through attenuating media, especially for visual ecologists studying aquatic species. Few areas of visual ecology are filled with more ... More


INELASTIC LIGHT SCATTERING BY LOW-LYING EXCITATIONS OF QUANTUM HALL FLUIDS

Vittorio Pellegrini and Aron Pinczuk

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews inelastic light scattering by low-lying excitations of two-dimensional quantum Hall fluids in semiconductor nanostructures at very low temperatures and large magnetic fields. It ... More


INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH NON-CONDUCTING CRYSTALS

R. E. Peierls

in Quantum Theory of Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the interaction of light with non-conducting crystals. Topics covered include infrared absorption, X-ray diffraction, effect of atomic vibrations, scattering of light, and ... More


Optimization

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The ‘hits’ or ‘leads’ found during the screening stage that point to conditions that may be conducive to crystallization, need to be optimized in order to attain high quality crystals. This chapter ... More


SAS in multidisciplinary studies

Dmitri I. Svergun, Michel H. J. Koch, Peter A. Timmins, and Roland P. May

in Small Angle X-Ray and Neutron Scattering from Solutions of Biological Macromolecules

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199639533
eISBN:
9780191747731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639533.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

SAS is most powerful when it integrates results from other techniques such as high-resolution X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance, electron microscopy or hydrodynamic studies such as ... More


Glassy dynamics and dynamical heterogeneity in colloids

Luca Cipelletti and Eric R. Weeks

in Dynamical Heterogeneities in Glasses, Colloids, and Granular Media

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199691470
eISBN:
9780191729799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691470.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Concentrated colloidal suspensions are a well‐tested model system which has a glass transition. Colloids are suspensions of small solid particles in a liquid, and exhibit glassy behaviour when the ... More


Light scattering microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The fundamentals and best practices of passive microrheology using dynamic light scattering and diffusing wave spectroscopy are discussed. The principles of light scattering are introduced and ... More


Radiative transitions

B. K. Ridley FRS

in Quantum Processes in Semiconductors

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199677214
eISBN:
9780191760624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677214.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

An electromagnetic field with a Lorentz-gauge vector potential and a scalar potential equal to zero can induce disturbance in an electron. In general, this disturbance can be considered a small ... More


Surfactants in systems with oil and water, including microemulsions

Bob Aveyard

in Surfactants: In Solution, at Interfaces and in Colloidal Dispersions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198828600
eISBN:
9780191867125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198828600.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The solubilization of small amounts of nonpolar oil by surfactant micelles was described in Chapter 9. In the present chapter surfactant behaviour in systems (such as emulsions) that contain ... More


Size exclusion chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS) to determine protein oligomeric states

Albert Guskov and Dirk Jan Slotboom

in From Molecules to Living Organisms: An Interplay Between Biology and Physics: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Volume 102, July 2014

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752950
eISBN:
9780191814426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752950.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Proteins are natural polymers that have evolved the ability to oligomerize to enhance their stability and functions. There are different ways to determine the oligomerization state of proteins, and ... More


Microrheology

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

We present a comprehensive overview of microrheology, emphasizing the underlying theory, practical aspects of its implementation, and current applications to rheological studies in academic and ... More


Interferometric tracking

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The purpose of this chapter is to present a survey of passive microrheology techniques that are important complements to more widely used particle tracking and light scattering methods. Such methods ... More


Diagnostic of Pre-Nucleation and Nucleation By Spectroscopic Methods and Background on the Physics of Crystal Growth

S. Veesler and R. Boistelle

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0015
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

Unlike the crystallization of small inorganic molecules, the problem of protein crystallization was first approached by trial and error methods without any theoretical ... More


Some Characterization Techniques Useful for Polysiloxanes

James E. Mark, Dale W. Schaefer, and Gui Lin

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195181739
eISBN:
9780197562321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195181739.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry

The general approach used in choosing a polymer suitable for a particular application is: . . . Polymerization ↔ Structure ↔ Properties ↔ Application . . . For ... More


Soil Colloids

Garrison Sposito

in The Chemistry of Soils

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190630881
eISBN:
9780197559710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630881.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Soil colloidsare solid soil particles with diameters ranging from 0.01 to 10 μm, which means they range from clay to fine silt in size. The chemical composition of ... More


Interfacial Phenomena with Carbon Dioxide Soluble Surfactants

Keith P. Johnston and C. T. Lee

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

A fundamental understanding of colloid and interface science for surfactant design in CO2-based systems is emerging on the basis of studies of interfacial ... More


From Solution to Crystals With a Physico-Chemical Aspect

M. Riès-Kautt and A. Ducruix

in Crystallization of Nucleic Acids and Proteins: A Practical Approach

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199636792
eISBN:
9780191918148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199636792.003.0014
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

Biological macromolecules follow the same thermodynamic rules as inorganic or organic small molecules concerning supersaturation, nucleation, and crystal growth (1). ... More


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