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Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras—one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video-surveillance systems are ... More


Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

L. Weiskrantz

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Damage to a particular area of the brain — the neocortex — is generally understood to result in blindness. Studies of some patients who have suffered from this form of blindness have nevertheless ... More


The natural blind-spot (optic disc) within the scotoma

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The optic disc provides ready-made control for determining the limits of intra-ocular diffusion. As the size of the natural and absolutely blind area is fixed and known (5° × 7°), a target light that ... More


It stands alone

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The theory of relativity is unique and is based on very simple ideas. In fact, it has only one fundamental premise and one physical fact. The premise is that the laws of physics must be the same ... More


REMARKS ON SURFACE-ATOM FORCES IN LONDON AND LIFSHITZ LIMITS

L. P. Pitaevskii

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the Lifshitz equation, which describes the interaction potential of an atom with the surface of a bulk dielectric medium. It shows how to obtain this equation in a more simple ... More


The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Theresa Levitt

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This work places revolutionary advances in light and optics in the cultural context of France in the first half of the 19th century. The narrative follows the work and careers of France's two chief ... More


 Sectoral Investment

Young‐Iob Chung

in Korea under Siege, 1876-1945: Capital Formation and Economic Transformation

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178302
eISBN:
9780199783557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178300.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates the magnitude, features, and attributes of investment in various segments of the economy based on (i) ownership (e.g., public or private sectors); (ii) the nature of ... More


Imagery

Melchisedec TÖrÖnen

in Union and Distinction in the Thought of St Maximus the Confessor

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199296118
eISBN:
9780191712258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296118.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Introduces the various images and metaphors of Maximian theology. These are metaphors that describe the reality of simultaneous union and distinction, and of oneness and multiplicity. The following ... More


The Salvation of Non‐Christians

Gerald SJ O'Collins

in Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203130
eISBN:
9780191707742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203130.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter takes up three questions: What did the New Testament authors hold about the universal impact of Christ as Redeemer? Why did they hold what they did about Christ as universal mediator of ... More


The Visual Worlds of Early Europe

Peter S. Wells

in How Ancient Europeans Saw the World: Vision, Patterns, and the Shaping of the Mind in Prehistoric Times

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691143385
eISBN:
9781400844777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691143385.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter discusses the visual world of late prehistoric Europe. It first uses Teniers's painting of the interior of an inn at the beginning of the chapter in order to introduce the topic of light ... More


 Science: Mathematics and Methodology

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter is divided into three sections dealing with pharmacology, optics, and music, and emphasizes the issues of methodology, especially how al-Kindī thinks mathematics is used in science. In ... More


Visual Ecology

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Visual ecology is the study of how animals use visual systems to meet their ecological needs, how these systems have evolved, and how they are specialized for particular visual tasks. This book ... More


Conclusion

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter draws together conclusions from the narratives from the main chapters of the book and summarizes the advances in light and optics that occurred in the first half of the 19th century in ... More


The Optics of Life: A Biologist's Guide to Light in Nature

Sönke Johnsen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139906
eISBN:
9781400840663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139906.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Optics—a field of physics focusing on the study of light—is also central to many areas of biology, including vision, ecology, botany, animal behavior, neurobiology, and molecular biology. This book ... More


Light and the Optical Environment

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explains how humans, and nearly all animals on Earth, witness astonishing variation in their optical environment. Brightness changes by many orders of magnitude each day, and colors also ... More


Sounds of the Metropolis: The 19th Century Popular Music Revolution in London, New York, Paris and Vienna

Derek B. Scott

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309461
eISBN:
9780199871254
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309461.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The words “popular music revolution” may instantly bring to mind jazz of the 1920s or rock 'n' roll of the 1950s, but this book argues that the first popular music revolution occurred in the 19th ... More


Transparency and silvering

Graeme D. Ruxton, Thomas N. Sherratt, and Michael P. Speed

in Avoiding Attack: The Evolutionary Ecology of Crypsis, Warning Signals and Mimicry

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528609
eISBN:
9780191713392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528609.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter considers why only aquatic organisms can sometimes make themselves difficult to detect by allowing light to pass through them (transparency) or be reflected from them (reflective ... More


Supermassive Black Holes

Charles D. Bailyn

in What Does a Black Hole Look Like?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148823
eISBN:
9781400850563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148823.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on supermassive black holes, which are sometimes abbreviated “SMBHs.” Stellar-mass black holes are clearly common consequences of stellar evolution, but they are not the only ... More


Passing the Light: The Incense Light Community and Buddhist Nuns in Contemporary Taiwan

Chün-fang Yü

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836580
eISBN:
9780824871086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836580.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

The term “revival” has been used to describe the resurgent vitality of Buddhism in Taiwan. Particularly impressive is the quality and size of the nun's order: Taiwanese nuns today are highly educated ... More


 Sol

Michael Ward

in Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. S. Lewis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195313871
eISBN:
9780199871964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313871.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Literature

Sol, the most metallurgical of the planets, in Lewis's scholarship, poetry and That Hideous Strength. Sol's association with gold, liberality, and light symbolizing philosophical and theological ... More


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