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The Right to Life and the Quality of Life

Elizabeth Wicks

in The Right to Life and Conflicting Interests

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199547395
eISBN:
9780191594373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547395.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Medical Law

This chapter investigates the potentially conflicting interest of quality of life. It considers whether the right to life continues to offer protection for incompetent patients with negligible ... More


Decision-Making Concerning Specific Treatments and Technologies

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

in The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This section considers decision-making about different types of life-sustaining treatments and technologies. The discussions cover decisions to forgo life-sustaining treatments; communication about ... More


Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Allowing to Die or Causing Death?

Franklin G. Miller and Robert D. Truog

in Death, Dying, and Organ Transplantation: Reconstructing Medical Ethics at the End of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199739172
eISBN:
9780199918683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739172.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A traditional norm of medical ethics is that doctors must not intentionally cause the death of their patients. However, withdrawing life-sustaining treatment has become a common practice in hospital ... More


Guidelines for the Decision-Making Process

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

in The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This section describes a decision-making process that is grounded in the goals described in Part One. All of these goals are relevant to any treatment decision presented to patients (or their ... More


Communication and Collaboration with Patients with Disabilities

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

in The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This section discusses several scenarios in which a patient's disability may be relevant to communications with health care professionals, the evaluation of decision-making capacity, or the process ... More


Consent and Refusal

L.W. Sumner

in Assisted Death: A Study in Ethics and Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199607983
eISBN:
9780191729652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607983.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins the ethical discussion by examining the widely held consensus that patients have the right to refuse medical treatment, including life‐sustaining treatment. It opens by outlining ... More


Research to Improve End-of-Life Care in the United States: Toward a More Behavioral and Ecological Paradigm

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter starts with a brief historical overview of the way in which end-of-life care has been conceptualized by policy makers, bioethicists, and researchers in the United States. It then takes ... More


Non-treatment of Severely Disabled Newborns and Criminal Liability Under Spanish Law 1

Sergio Romeo-Malanda

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines whether medical professionals in Spain can be held criminally responsible if they withdraw life-sustaining treatment from severely disabled newborn babies. The focus on the ... More


The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Decisions about life-sustaining treatment are often ethically challenging for patients, surrogate decision-makers, and health care professionals. Providing safe, effective, and compassionate care ... More


Lessons in Legal and Judicial Ethics From Schiavo: The Special Responsibilities of Lawyers and Judges in Cases Involving Persons with Severe Cognitive Disabilities

Robert A. Destro

in The Criminal Justice System and Health Care

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228294
eISBN:
9780191711343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228294.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides an analysis of the legal sanctioning of the termination of medical treatment in the US case of Schiavo. The author's role as, inter alia, co-counsel for Mrs Schiavo's parents ... More


Organizational Systems Supporting Good Care and Ethical Practice

Nancy Berlinger, Bruce Jennings, and Susan M. Wolf

in The Hastings Center Guidelines for Decisions on Life-Sustaining Treatment and Care Near the End of Life: Revised and Expanded Second Edition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199974566
eISBN:
9780199333332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199974566.003.0004
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

The quality of end-of-life care, and care for patients facing decisions about life-sustaining treatment relies on organizational systems as well as the knowledge, skills, and integrity of individual ... More


Advance decisions to refuse treatment and the impact of wider legislation

Ben Lobo

in Advance Care Planning in End of Life Care

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198802136
eISBN:
9780191840548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802136.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter provides insight into practice and legislative changes that relates to advance decisions to refuse treatment and advance care planning (ACP) for end of life. It sets this in the context ... More


Design for Dying: New Directions for Hospice and End-of-Life Care

Bruce Jennings

in Hospice Ethics: Policy and Practice in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199944941
eISBN:
9780199333165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199944941.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses system design issues in end-of-life care. Two basic approaches to system design have prevailed since the 1970s—an autonomy and patient empowerment strategy and a quality of ... More


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