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Life Table Analysis: An Introduction

Steve Selvin

in Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172805
eISBN:
9780199865697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A life table is a systematic description of mortality experience. A cohort life table is constructed from the mortality of individuals followed from birth of the first to the death of the last member ... More


Key Concepts and Descriptive Approaches

Shenyang Guo

in Survival Analysis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195337518
eISBN:
9780199864256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337518.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter reviews key concepts of survival analysis, two descriptive methods (i.e., the life-table approach and the Kaplan–Meier estimate of survivor function), and graphic approaches. These ... More


Modelling forest dynamics

Adrian C. Newton

in Forest Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567448
eISBN:
9780191717895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567448.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes techniques for modeling forest dynamics. Topics covered include the equation of population flux, life tables, transition matrix models, population viability analysis, growth ... More


The Prospects for Survival from Conception to Childhood

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter takes a biological-demographic perspective. It addresses a number of complex questions. What is the most likely age pattern of mortality risk between conception and age one? How might ... More


Populations: Survival and Mortality

Carolyn M. King and Roger A. Powell

in The Natural History of Weasels and Stoats: Ecology, Behavior, and Management

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195322712
eISBN:
9780199894239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322712.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Weasels are small and generally short-lived–their average age is only <0.8-2 years, although a lucky few can live for 3-4 years or more. Hence, populations are dominated by young of the current year, ... More


Introduction

Robert Sallares

in Malaria and Rome: A History of Malaria in Ancient Italy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248506
eISBN:
9780191714634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248506.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter briefly introduces the central demographic question of the excess adult mortality in European populations affected by malaria in the past compared to the predictions of model life tables.


Describing Discrete-Time Event Occurrence Data

Judith D. Singer and John B. Willett

in Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis: Modeling Change and Event Occurrence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195152968
eISBN:
9780199864980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152968.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a framework for describing discrete-time event occurrence data. Section 10.1 introduces the life table, the primary tool for describing event occurrence data. Section 10.2 ... More


Chance variation

J. Mark Elwood

in Critical Appraisal of Epidemiological Studies and Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198529552
eISBN:
9780191723865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529552.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the effects of chance variation that can be assessed by applying statistical tests. It is divided into three parts: the application of statistical tests and confidence limits ... More


Individual Subjective Survival Curves

Li Gan, Michael D. Hurd, and Daniel McFadden (eds)

in Analyses in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226902869
eISBN:
9780226903217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903217.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines individual subjective survival probabilities using data from the Asset and Health Dynamics among the Oldest Old (AHEAD) and the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS). It proposes a ... More


Advanced statistical techniques: spatial patterns, life tables, modelling, and population viability analysis

David J. Gibson

in Methods in Comparative Plant Population Ecology, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199671465
eISBN:
9780191792496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671465.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter moves forward from Chapter 7 (planning, choosing, and using statistics) and introduces some more advanced statistical methods that are of particular importance to plant population ... More


Demography, life histories, and population dynamics

Olga L. Montenegro

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the main field and analytical techniques used for demography, life history, and population dynamics research in primates. These methods are mainly used in free-ranging primates, ... More


On growing up dry

Ahmad Hegazy and Jonathan Lovett-Doust

in Plant Ecology in the Middle East

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199660810
eISBN:
9780191820687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660810.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

This chapter considers the general phenomenon of succulence and some of the many and diverse forms of water storage, along with sclerophylly and other plant adaptations that reduce water loss. ... More


Life table—a summary of mortality experience

Steve Selvin

in The Joy of Statistics: A Treasury of Elementary Statistical Tools and their Applications

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833444
eISBN:
9780191872280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833444.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

A complete description of the construction and interpretation of life table mortality patterns of the total US 2010 population. Also included is a contrast of a British 17th century life table and ... More


Gender Myths and Demographic Realities

Suzanne E. Joseph

in Fertile Bonds: Bedouin Class, Kinship, and Gender in the Bekaa Valley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044613
eISBN:
9780813046389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044613.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter critiques Western feminist narratives of gender and Third World women's reproduction. Partial life table estimates by gender provide a window into gender disparities in Bedouin infant ... More


The Prediction of Individual Cognitive Decline

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle Longitudinal Study

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195386134
eISBN:
9780190255657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386134.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the use of event history analysis to predict the individual course of adult development as part of the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), first launched in 1956 to investigate ... More


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