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Equal Justice

Eric Rakowski

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book sets forth a novel theory of distributive justice premised on the fundamental moral equality of persons. The book is divided into three main parts: Part I explains a theory of justice, ... More


Do Numbers Count when Saving Lives?

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the moral relevance of the number of people who could be saved by one action rather than another. It concentrates on the question whether one group's being more numerous than ... More


Weighing Lives

John Broome

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199243761
eISBN:
9780191602900
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924376X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

People are often faced with decisions that involve weighing the lives of some people against the lives of others, or weighing lives against other goods. This book aims to develop a moral theory that ... More


Sobjectivity: The Anatomy of the Subjective and Objective in Moral Judgment

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Looks at a two more approaches to justifying the Principle of Irrelevant Utility advanced in Ch. 8 with respect to the question of saving different groups of lives. Once again, it involves combining ... More


Is It Right to Save the Greater Number?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the situation that we have to choose between the numbers of lives saved (is it right to save the greater number?), Ch. 6 argues against the existence of the conflict between considerations of the ... More


Is It Worse if More Die: Agent Relative or Non‐Relative Views?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Considers arguments for the following radical claim: the fact that we could save a greater number of lives is not a reason to save some people rather than others when we cannot save everyone. Against ... More


Saving Lives

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Much of the work of aid agencies aims to prevent threats to life, rather than to save lives. And even when an aid agency’s activity does save life, it might be doubted whether my contribution to an ... More


The Relevance of Personal Characteristics to Choices between Lives

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240792
eISBN:
9780191680274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter attempts to answer questions pertaining to the relevance of personal characteristics of individuals to choices between lives. That is, should such characteristics as age or the family ... More


American Coastal Rescue Craft: A Design History of Coastal Rescue Craft Used by the USLSS and Uscg

William D. Wilkinson

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813033341
eISBN:
9780813039022
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813033341.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This book provides detailed history and technical design information on every type of small rescue craft ever used by the United States Life-Saving Service and United States Coast Guard, from the ... More


Are There Irrelevant Utilities?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines cases in which the choice faced is not between different numbers of lives but between equal numbers of lives when saving one group but not the other would be accompanied by some additional ... More


Sobjectivity: Aggregation and Scales of Equivalents and Cost

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the exploration of ‘Sobjectivity’ addressed in Ch. 8 and 9 as applied to justifying the Principle of Irrelevant Utility with respect to the question of saving different groups of lives, and ... More


Acquisition of Organs

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deals with the problem of the acquisition and distribution of organs for transplantation and allows the application of the foregoing theoretical discussion of saving lives and relevant/irrelevant ... More


Ideal Procedure, Nonideal Alternatives, and Proportional Chances

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines two alternatives to the ‘majority rule’ situation described in the Ch. 7, i.e. that numbers count in any consideration of saving lives. It looks at two procedures that, other than ... More


The Life-Saving Analogy

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many writers have followed Peter Singer in drawing an analogy between assisting needy people at a distance and saving someone’s life directly. Arguments based on this analogy can take either a ... More


They Lived and Saved: Examining the Savings Motives of Shopkeepers in Late Nineteenth-Century Britain

Mary Beth Combs

in Men, Women, and Money: Perspectives on Gender, Wealth, and Investment 1850-1930

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199593767
eISBN:
9780191728815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593767.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

The chapter examines the saving and investment decisions of nineteenth-century British shopkeepers using data on 332 census-linked probated decedents dying between 1859 and 1891. Previous research ... More


The Moral Demands of Affluence

Garrett Cullity

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How much are we morally required to do to help people who aremuch worse off than us? On any credible moral outlook, other people’s pressing need for assistance can ground moral requirements on us to ... More


Distribution of Life

Mark S. Stein

in Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100570
eISBN:
9780300128253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100570.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines utilitarian and egalitarian approaches to the distribution of scarce life-saving medical resources, or distribution of life. It shows how utilitarianism is able to endorse ... More


Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

F. M. Kamm

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality, Mortality as a whole deals with certain aspects of ethical theory and with moral problems that arise primarily in contexts involving life‐and‐death decisions. The importance of ... More


An Argument from Beneficence

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The failure to save someone’s life directly is wrong because it is a failure of beneficence. The features that make it a failure of beneficence are also features of not helping people at a distance: ... More


Overview

Garrett Cullity

in The Moral Demands of Affluence

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199258116
eISBN:
9780191602221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258112.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The final chapter explains the relationship between the two parts of the book: it explains how Part II has refuted the iterative argument for the Extreme Demand in Part I. It also explains the ... More


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