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Applications of Psychophysiological Recording

Robert M. Stern, William J. Ray, and Karen S. Quigley

in Psychophysiological Recording

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195113594
eISBN:
9780199846962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195113594.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Once an individual is able to record psychophysiological measures successfully, the question arises as to how these measures might be used in understanding the interdependence between psychological ... More


Brain-Based Lie Detection

Michael S. Pardo and Dennis Patterson

in Minds, Brains, and Law: The Conceptual Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199812134
eISBN:
9780199368594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812134.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter discusses brain-based lie detection. It examines two types of brain-based technology that are currently being studied in laboratory settings and marketed for real-world use. The first ... More


Claims of and Evidence for Untruthfulness

Chris Heffer

in All Bullshit and Lies?: Insincerity, Irresponsibility, and the Judgment of Untruthfulness

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190923280
eISBN:
9780190923327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190923280.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Chapter 3 focuses on the first two steps of the TRUST untruthfulness heuristic: CLAIM and EVIDENCE. It begins by noting four principal rational motives for calling out lies and bullshit (confession, ... More


Applications

William R. Uttal

in Mind and Brain: A Critical Appraisal of Cognitive Neuroscience

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015967
eISBN:
9780262298902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015967.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents the proposed applications of mind–brain relationships, which lack the empirical database backing that links the neurophysiological measures with behavior. It presents reasons, ... More


The Misinterpretation of Scientific Evidence

Jiahong He

in Back from the Dead: Wrongful Convictions and Criminal Justice in China

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824856618
eISBN:
9780824868703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824856618.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

In a well-known case of “back from the dead,” Teng Xingshan was convicted in Hunan for murdering his mistress and sentenced to death in 1988. Several years after his execution, it was discovered that ... More


The Landscape of Mind

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory of mind is embedded within a great many fundamental human activities and ideas. A concluding review of some additional research and topics helps sum up the nature and import of theory of mind ... More


Lies

Daniel Reisberg

in The Science of Perception and Memory: A Pragmatic Guide for the Justice System

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199826964
eISBN:
9780190204518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199826964.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The discussion so far has assumed a cooperative witness, ready to share information with law enforcement and attorneys. The witness may not remember all the information we need, and may make mistakes ... More


The Detection of Crime

Brian H. Bornstein and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

in Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Assessment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190696344
eISBN:
9780190696375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696344.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The deception detection method Münsterberg advocates is grounded on principles of association. Although this approach derives partially from a Freudian view of the unconscious, it is not terribly ... More


The Traces of Emotions

Brian H. Bornstein and Jeffrey S. Neuschatz

in Hugo Münsterberg's Psychology and Law: A Historical and Contemporary Assessment

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190696344
eISBN:
9780190696375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190696344.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter focuses on using suspects’ subtle emotional displays as an indication of their veracity. Münsterberg mentions several physiological indicators of an unconscious emotional reaction, such ... More


Detection Deception Using Psychophysiological and Neural Measures

Ewout H. Meijer and Bruno Verschuere

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The use of physiological signals to detect deception can be traced back almost a century. Historically, the polygraph has been used—and debated. This chapter discusses the merits of polygraph ... More


Nonverbal Detection of Deception

Aldert Vrij

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Throughout history it has been assumed that lying is accompanied by specific nonverbal behaviors; various sources still claim that nonverbal behavior is very revealing about deception. Systematic ... More


Lie-detection, Neuroscience, and the Law of Evidence

Frederick Schauer

in Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198743095
eISBN:
9780191802980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743095.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Medical Law

This chapter focuses on neuroscience-based lie-detection from the perspective of the policies and epistemic norms underlying the law of evidence and legal proof. It makes the case that in some ... More


Advances in Lie Detection: Limitations and Potential for Investigating Allegations of Abuse

Galit Nahari

in Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723301
eISBN:
9780191789700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723301.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter presents the challenges of, and advances made in, assessing the veracity of accounts in the forensic context. Initially, the difficulties in discriminating truths from lies, without ... More


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