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Metamorphosis

Nicholas P. Money

in Mr. Bloomfield's Orchard: The Mysterious World of Mushrooms, Molds, and Mycologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195154573
eISBN:
9780199790272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154573.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses fungus that infects insects. The Cordyceps fungus, for instance, is capable of piercing the chitinous exoskeleton of insects. Although Cordyceps poses no threat to humans, its ... More


Triumph of the Fungi

Nicholas P. Money

in Mushroom

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199732562
eISBN:
9780199918515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732562.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides, Plant Sciences and Forestry

There are more than 16,000 species of mushrooms. These include species with familiar umbrella-shaped fruit bodies, brackets with gills, spines, and tubes, and others that bear spores on flattened ... More


Diversity of life in peatlands

Håkan Rydin and John K. Jeglum

in The Biology of Peatlands

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198528722
eISBN:
9780191728211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528722.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Peatlands host a wide diversity of species and life forms. The plants are the most obvious, since they provide the structural foundation and are the source of organic compounds derived from ... More


The Neoproterozoic

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter shows how we can get some clues as to the nature of the first colonizers from what happens when bare rock is colonised today. The first organisms to get a foothold are usually not ... More


How Have Wisconsin's Lichen Communities Changed?

Susan Will-Wolf and Matthew P. Nelsen

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews some of what we know about lichens and their sensitivity to substrates and environmental conditions. It draws on both direct and indirect lines of evidence to infer that lichen ... More


Close to Nature

Douglas Allchin

in Sacred Bovines: The Ironies of Misplaced Assumptions in Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190490362
eISBN:
9780197559659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490362.003.0038
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

“Appreciation of life” is not listed on many biology curricula nowadays. Yet no other theme seems more central, nor so intensely personal, for many research biologists, as well as for many biology ... More


Fire and Plant Interactions

Joann Fites-Kaufman, Anne F. Bradley, and Amy G. Merrill

in Fire in California's Ecosystems

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246058
eISBN:
9780520932272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246058.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter addresses first the plant structures that resist fire and second the persistence of vascular plants. It describes nonvascular plants (mosses and lichens) and microbes (bacteria and ... More


Epilogue: Natural Complexity

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

In this epilogue, the author reflects on complexity in nature, first by sharing his observations on lichens in the slickrock mountain bike trails of the Moab region in southeastern Utah. More ... More


A Heart for Trees

Richard Higgins and Richard Higgins

in Thoreau and the Language of Trees

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520294042
eISBN:
9780520967311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520294042.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

Thoreau did have a stern and prickly side. But trees brought out another side. They stirred a boyish joy in his heart and drew bursts of praise from his pen. Their postures and colors delighted him; ... More


Vegetation of Urban Hard Surfaces

Jeremy Lundholm

in Urban Ecology: Patterns, Processes, and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563562
eISBN:
9780191774713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563562.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Urban areas are dominated by hard surfaces, yet these are colonized by many plant species. Walls and pavements are characterized by extremely shallow soil, often in narrow cracks. Stone walls are the ... More


Biological indicators of the quality of the environment

in Environmental Pollution Studies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853239239
eISBN:
9781846313035
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853239239.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter investigates the biological indicators of the quality of the environment. Lichens are good indicators of the quality of air while invertebrates are ideal indicator organisms of water ... More


The Vegetation: Hierarchical Species-Environment Relationships

Marilyn D. Walker, Donald A. Walker, Theresa A. Theodose, and Patrick J. Webber

in Structure and Function of an Alpine Ecosystem: Niwot Ridge, Colorado

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195117288
eISBN:
9780197561171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195117288.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The vegetation of Niwot Ridge has a rich history of study, beginning with phytosociological studies directly on the Ridge and in the surrounding mountains and incorporating more experimental and ... More


Dermatology

Nigel Lane, Louise Powter, and Sam Patel (eds)

in Best of Five MCQs for the Acute Medicine SCE

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199680269
eISBN:
9780191918360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199680269.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

A 58-year-old woman was admitted to the acute medical unit with an eight-day history of feeling unwell and a painful spreading rash. It had commenced on her trunk and extended to the limbs. She had ... More


Wild: Taming the Tundra

Andrew Stuhl

in Unfreezing the Arctic: Science, Colonialism, and the Transformation of Inuit Lands

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226416649
eISBN:
9780226416786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226416786.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates political priorities and scientific practices that ushered in colonial relationships with the western Arctic between 1918 and 1960. It argues that reindeer, a species ... More


Patterns in Wisconsin Lichen Diversity

James P. Bennett

in The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin's Changing Lands, Waters, and Wildlife

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226871714
eISBN:
9780226871745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871745.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

One hundred and fifty years ago, anyone traveling cross-country in Wisconsin found lichens growing in abundance. Today, the only abundant lichens are weedy species on the trunks and branches of ... More


How will the Biosphere End?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0014
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

This fictional description of the destruction of much of life on Earth comes from a novel by the astronomer Fred Hoyle, co-authored with his son Geoffrey. In the story, the formation of a quasar in ... More


Population Cycles of the Autumnal Moth in Fennoscandia

Miia Tanhuanpää and Kai Ruohomäki

in Population Cycles: The Case for Trophic Interactions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195140989
eISBN:
9780197561751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195140989.003.0012
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Most species of insect herbivores are restricted to low densities, but some display large-scale density fluctuations, including periodic outbreaks (Faeth 1987, Mason 1987, Hanski 1990, Hunter ... More


More Field Ecology: Rightofway Island

David Ehrenfeld

in Swimming Lessons: Keeping Afloat in the Age of Technology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148527
eISBN:
9780197561867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148527.003.0035
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

On all but one of the field trips in my Field Ecology course, I take my students to the sorts of places that they have been to before: the beach, the pinelands, the Highlands forest, farms, old ... More


Degrees of Intimacy

David Ehrenfeld

in Swimming Lessons: Keeping Afloat in the Age of Technology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195148527
eISBN:
9780197561867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195148527.003.0037
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

When we arrived in Vancouver at the start of our vacation, the tabloid headline at the newspaper stand caught our attention. “World’s Bravest Mom,” it shrieked. We stopped to read. The story was ... More


Dermatology

Gemma Simcox (ed.)

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Clinical Specialties

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198802907
eISBN:
9780191917165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802907.003.0019
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Skin disease has a serious impact on an individual’s quality of life. It is well recognized that conditions such as psoriasis may have a similar impact on a patient’s quality of life to chronic ... More


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