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 The Children

Suzanne Vromen

in Hidden Children of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195181289
eISBN:
9780199870752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181289.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The chapter is based on interviews with formerly hidden children and is illustrated by numerous quotes. It describes various responses to the wearing of the yellow star and the desperate search for ... More


Microbial community ecology of tick-borne human pathogens

Clay Keith, Clay Fuqua, Curt Lively, and Michael J. Wade

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Disease dynamics in plant communities

Charles E. Mitchell and Allson G. Power

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The prevalence of human pathogens may be determined in part by microbial interactions within vectors. Ticks represent the primary source of vector-borne infections disease in the United States and ... More


Typhus

Anne Hardy

in The Epidemic Streets: Infectious Diseases and the Rise of Preventive Medicine 1856–1900

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203773
eISBN:
9780191675966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203773.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhus is caused by Rickettsia prowazeki, one of a distinct genus of organisms, and appears to be invariably louse-borne among human beings. Like dysentery, it appears wherever poverty, crowding, and ... More


Mechanical design

C. Julian Chen

in Introduction to Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211500
eISBN:
9780191705991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211500.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses various mechanical designs for STM and AFM. The central piece of the mechanical design of STM and AFM is the course positioner. Therefore, various types of course positioners ... More


Disease as Metamorphosis

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0014
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Delousing became routine during World War I, as a result of the recent discovery that lice spread typhus. In Nazi Germany, ethnic undesirables were stigmatized as human vermin and as poisoning the ... More


Eradicating Parasites

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0016
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In July 1941, Adolf Hitler declared the Jews as the ‘ferment of social decay’ and boasted that he had discovered how the ‘Jewish race’ as a ‘bacillus’, ‘virus’, ‘toxin’, or consumptive ‘parasite’ ... More


The First World War and Combating Lice

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0020
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Armed with the discovery that the louse was the carrier of typhus, Nazi Germany's military hygienists set out to ameliorate the squalid conditions in the trenches on the Western Front during World ... More


Defending German Health: Technical Solutions

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Confident in an imminent German victory in 1918, Prussia's medical department planned elaborate sanitary measures on the extended frontiers. The returning troops and civilians were to undergo a ... More


‘Victory with Vaccines’: Human Guinea-pigs and Louse-feeders

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0046
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Developing a typhus vaccine was to boost Germany's medical and racial defences. Given that typhus was a primitive ‘Asiatic’ disease spread by racial vermin, an effective vaccine was required to ... More


Coevolution of Life on Hosts: Integrating Ecology and History

Dale H. Clayton, Sarah E. Bush, and Kevin P. Johnson

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226302133
eISBN:
9780226302300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226302300.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book provides an introduction to coevolution in both microevolutionary (ecological) and macroevolutionary (historical) time. It emphasizes the integration of cophylogenetic, comparative, and ... More


Comparative cophylogenetics of lice

Dale H. Clayton, Sarah E. Bush, and Kevin P. Johnson

in Coevolution of Life on Hosts: Integrating Ecology and History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226302133
eISBN:
9780226302300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226302300.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Cophylogenetic patterns are central to the study of coevolution in the broad sense because they document codiversification, which is the correlated diversification of interacting lineages. In the ... More


Safeguarding children

J.C. Harris and R. Welbury

in Paediatric Dentistry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198789277
eISBN:
9780191917103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789277.003.0012
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

It is essential that everyone who provides dental care for children has an understanding of other factors that affect children’s lives. This includes non-dental ... More


Parasites and Worms

Robert Serafino Wani

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host and gets its food from or at the expense of its host. Worms or helminths either live as parasites or ... More


Understanding Skin Conditions

Steven J. Ersser

in Adult Nursing Practice: Using evidence in care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199697410
eISBN:
9780191918476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199697410.003.0022
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Nursing

The aim of this chapter is to provide nurses with the knowledge to be able to assess, manage, and care for people with skin conditions in an evidence-based ... More


Siege

Earl J. Hess

in Fighting for Atlanta: Tactics, Terrain, and Trenches in the Civil War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781469643427
eISBN:
9781469643441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643427.003.0012
Subject:
History, Military History

By late July most Union and Confederate units settled into static, fortified positions just outside Atlanta and something like siege conditions became the norm. The lines were subject to almost ... More


Red, White, and Mormon: “Ingratiating Themselves with the Indians”

W. Paul Reeve

in Religion of a Different Color: Race and the Mormon Struggle for Whiteness

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199754076
eISBN:
9780190226282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754076.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, History of Religion

This chapter considers Mormon theological views of Indians and their initial missionary efforts toward Native Americans. It then traces the three key ways in which Mormons were conflated with Indians ... More


Bite and Be Damned!

Evan A. Kutzler

in Living by Inches: The Smells, Sounds, Tastes, and Feeling of Captivity in Civil War Prisons

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781469653785
eISBN:
9781469653808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653785.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter shows how lice shaped the feeling of captivity in Civil War prisons. The organizing idea—non-human historical agents are significant to human history—is common in animal histories; ... More


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