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The Right to Exploit: Parasitism, Scarcity, and Basic Income

Gijs Van Donselaar

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195140392
eISBN:
9780199871483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140392.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In 1895, an English farmer diverted the course of a stream that was flowing through his land, thereby cutting off the supply to the water reservoir of the neighboring community. The courts ... More


Bringing the State Back In

George Klosko

in Political Obligations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199256204
eISBN:
9780191602351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256209.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In arguing for the need for the state, this chapter establishes factual parameters within which discussions of political obligations should be conducted. Certain theorists argue that political ... More


From Rationality to Equality

James P. Sterba

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199580767
eISBN:
9780191745836
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580767.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most contemporary moral and political philosophers would like to have an argument showing that morality is rationally required. This book provides just such an argument and further show that ... More


What Is Self‐Ownership?

Attracta Ingram

in A Political Theory of Rights

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279631
eISBN:
9780191599545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279639.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Several writers have argued that there is flexibility in the meaning of property, which allows for a sense of proprietary rights or self-ownership, that is non-libertarian. This chapter argues ... More


Implausible: Calvinism and American Politics

D. G. Hart

in John Calvin's American Legacy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390971
eISBN:
9780199777099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390971.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Church History

From 1776 until approximately 1970, American Protestant clergy and academics argued that Calvinism was crucial to their nation’s political institutions and ideals. It was common among the mainstream ... More


 The Reception of Justice as Fairness

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the significance of Rawls's conception of justice in political philosophy and the three foremost debates to which it has given rise. The first set of criticisms against Rawls's ... More


The Policy Prescriptions of Behavioral Economics

Gilles Saint-Paul

in The Tyranny of Utility: Behavioral Social Science and the Rise of Paternalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128177
eISBN:
9781400838899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128177.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter discusses the policy prescriptions that arise from the research in behavioral economics. A frequent prescription, in various contexts, is to restrict people's choice set—which falls in ... More


Canada and the Canadian Bill of Rights Act (1960)

David Erdos

in Delegating Rights Protection: The Rise of Bills of Rights in the Westminster World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557769
eISBN:
9780191594380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557769.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter forwards a new socio‐political explanation for the genesis of the Canadian Bill of Rights Act (CBORA) (1960). Following a brief chronological overview, the first part of the chapter ... More


Canada and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982)

David Erdos

in Delegating Rights Protection: The Rise of Bills of Rights in the Westminster World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557769
eISBN:
9780191594380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557769.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the socio‐political genesis of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982). The first part of the chapter examines the immediate political origins of this instrument. It ... More


New Zealand and the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act (1990)

David Erdos

in Delegating Rights Protection: The Rise of Bills of Rights in the Westminster World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199557769
eISBN:
9780191594380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557769.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers the socio‐politics of bill of rights debates and outcomes in New Zealand. The first part of the chapter focuses on the unsuccessful proposals for a bill of rights in the late ... More


Introduction

Katherin A. Rogers

in Anselm on Freedom

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199231676
eISBN:
9780191716089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231676.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, General

This introductory chapter defines key terms such as determinism, compatibilism, and libertarianism. Proposed definitions are somewhat non-standard, but better reflect the fundamental concerns of ... More


Independence, Policies, and Strategies

James Mitchell, Lynn Bennie, and Rob Johns

in The Scottish National Party: Transition to Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580002
eISBN:
9780191731099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580002.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Attitudes on Scotland’s constitutional status as well as other policy positions and views on party strategy are explored in this chapter. Most members endorse the official policy of independence in ... More


Conservatism, the State, and Civil Society in the Twentieth Century

E. H. H. GREEN

in Ideologies of Conservatism: Conservative Political Ideas in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198205937
eISBN:
9780191717116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205937.003.0010
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter discusses Conservative ideas on the role of the State in relation to economic and social policy over the course of the 20th century, and offers a new interpretation of the nature of the ... More


Libertarian Paternalism

Julian Le Grand and Bill New

in Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the so-called nudge ideas based on libertarian paternalism and asymmetric paternalism, both of which seek to provide a practical approach to the trade-off between well-being and ... More


Paternalism and Policy

Julian Le Grand and Bill New

in Government Paternalism: Nanny State or Helpful Friend?

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164373
eISBN:
9781400866298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164373.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the impact of actual paternalistic policies, some of which are already in place, on well-being and autonomy. It first describes four principal types of policy intervention that ... More


The Freedom of Decisions and Other Actions

Randolph Clarke

in Libertarian Accounts of Free Will

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159875
eISBN:
9780199835010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515987X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Libertarian accounts commonly hold that only certain acts of will, such as decisions (or choices), can be directly free, with the freedom of actions of other types—whether mental or overt, bodily ... More


Settlement in Edinburgh

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Smith moved from Kirkcaldy to Edinburgh late in 1778, after his appointment as a Commissioner for managing His Majesty's Customs in Scotland. We may think it a paradox that this prominent advocate of ... More


Truth and Imprecision in the Fourth Meditation

David Cunning

in Argument and Persuasion in Descartes’ Meditations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195399608
eISBN:
9780199866502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399608.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the truth rule—that whatever we perceive clearly and distinctly is true—is derived initially at the end of the Third Meditation, and then derived again at the end of the ... More


Timelessness and Human Responsibility

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It was argued in previous chapters that divine foreknowledge is inconsistent with libertarian freedom. Is such freedom necessary for human responsibility? Compatibilism is discussed. It is argued ad ... More


Black Flags and Social Movements: A Sociological Analysis of Movement Anarchism

Dana M. Williams

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781526105547
eISBN:
9781526132215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526105547.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Anarchism may be the most misunderstood political ideology of the modern era—it’s surely one of the least studied social movements by English-speaking scholars. Black Flags and Social Movements ... More


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