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Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Chandran Kukathas

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273264
eISBN:
9780191684029
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273264.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the history of modern liberal political thought the work of F. A. Hayek stands out as one of the most significant contributions to liberal theory since J. S. Mill. This book critically examines ... More


Liberal Internationalism 3.0: America and the Dilemmas of Liberal World Order

G. John Ikenberry

in Liberal World Orders

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265529
eISBN:
9780191760334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265529.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Liberal order is not embodied in a fixed set of principles or practices. Instead, aspects of the liberal vision have made appearances in various combinations and changing ways over the last century. ... More


Individualism and Social Theory

Chandran Kukathas

in Hayek and Modern Liberalism

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198273264
eISBN:
9780191684029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198273264.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on Hayek's social theory of individualism. It identifies the distinct elements of Hayek's individualism and evaluates the strength of his social theory. Just as Hume's philosophy ... More


Through the Mirage

Sandra Fredman

in Women and the Law

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198763239
eISBN:
9780191695216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198763239.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the legal status of working women in Great Britain. It has exposed the limitations of the current legal framework and revealed that the ... More


Civil Discourse and Religion in Transitional Democracies: The Cases of Lithuania, Peru, and Indonesia

David Ingram

in Democracy, Culture, Catholicism: Voices from Four Continents

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780823267309
eISBN:
9780823272334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Respect for human dignity and the common good in democratic regimes cannot be sustained by reason alone. Citizen faith commitments endorsing both of these values are necessary. However, negotiating ... More


How and Why the West Has Lost Confidence in Its Foundational Political Principles

Thomas L. Pangle

in Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231150071
eISBN:
9780231526623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231150071.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks into how the Western world has forgotten the Christian tradition of natural law which forms the basis of current law systems. Today, very few remain aware of the profound arguments ... More


Defending the Humanities in a Liberal Society

Christopher Bertram

in The Aims of Higher Education: Problems of Morality and Justice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226259345
eISBN:
9780226259512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226259512.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

This chapter considers what kind of arguments in favor of the continued presence of the arts and humanities in higher education can be given that meet the test for liberal legitimacy. This test ... More


Redefining Popular Sovereignty

Sarbani Sen

in The Constitution of India: Popular Sovereignty and Democratic Transformations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198071600
eISBN:
9780199080045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198071600.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the founders' decision to redefine popular sovereignty and adopt the liberal representative principle to create a Nehruvian statist political order. They recognized that civic ... More


Defining fairness

Marc Fleurbaey

in Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199215911
eISBN:
9780191808579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199215911.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter considers some fairness requirements inspired by responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism. It begins with a simple example in which a ‘natural’ solution offers itself as almost ... More


The Structure of Europeans’ Views of Democracy: Citizens’ Models of Democracy

Hanspeter Kriesi, Willem Saris, and Paolo Moncagatta

in How Europeans View and Evaluate Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766902
eISBN:
9780191821141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766902.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the structure of Europeans’ views of democracy, constructs three indices for democracy—for the three visions of liberal, social, and direct democracy, and provides a typology of ... More


Distributing fairly

Marc Fleurbaey

in Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199215911
eISBN:
9780191808579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199215911.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines various conditions that influence a fair distribution of resources. The natural policy that offered itself as a salient solution and passed the no-envy test and therefore most ... More


Utilitarian reward

Marc Fleurbaey

in Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199215911
eISBN:
9780191808579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199215911.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines the utilitarian principle of reward. It begins by considering how a social criterion can embody not only a concern for equality along dimensions for which individuals are not ... More


Development and Social Change: Mehmeit

Sherine Hafez

in An Islam of Her Own: Reconsidering Religion and Secularism in Women's Islamic Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814773031
eISBN:
9780814790724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814773031.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter discusses al-Hilal's work in a village called Mehmeit. The author accompanied a group of women who worked at Mehmeit to observe how they interacted with the village women, the nature of ... More


: The New Aristocracy of the Robe: History, Reason, and Judicial Prudence

in The Cloaking of Power: Montesquieu, Blackstone, and the Rise of Judicial Activism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226094823
eISBN:
9780226094830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094830.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains that Montesquieu teaches that the particular, practical, and historical dimension of his new prudence must balance its theoretical aspect and this blending of general principles ... More


Negotiating the First Bilateral Investment Treaties: The Truman Years

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

The United States regarded an FCN treaty as a charter of liberal principles to which parties agreed because they were mutually beneficial, rather than as a set of bargained-for concessions. Thus, the ... More


Risk, insurance and option luck

Marc Fleurbaey

in Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199215911
eISBN:
9780191808579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199215911.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter examines risk, insurance, and option luck in relation to responsibility and equal opportunities. It considers the principle that individuals should never be held responsible for being ... More


Global Cities and Global Order

Simon Curtis

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780198744016
eISBN:
9780191804007
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744016.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The re-emergence of the city from the long shadow of the state in the late twentieth century was facilitated by the state itself. The unprecedented size and scale of today’s global cities and ... More


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