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Explanation in Neurobiology: An Interventionist Perspective

James Woodward

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter employs an interventionist framework to elucidate some issues having to do with explanation in neurobiology. I argue that this framework can be used to distinguish theories and models ... More


The Shift to Mechanistic Explanation and Classification

Kelso Cratsley

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Despite widespread recognition that psychiatry would be better served by a classificatory system based on etiology rather than mere description, it goes without saying that much of the necessary work ... More


Integrating Theories of Working Memory

Robert H. Logie, Clément Belletier, and Jason M. Doherty

in Working Memory: The state of the science

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198842286
eISBN:
9780191878282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842286.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Multiple theories of working memory are described in the chapters of this book and often these theories are viewed as being mutually incompatible, yet each is associated with a supporting body of ... More


On the Idea of Emergence

Carl Hempel and Paul Oppenheim

in Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026215
eISBN:
9780262268011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026215.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explains a phenomenon through sets of laws with varying degrees of generality. In the explanation of different phenomena, a distinction is frequently made between various “levels of ... More


Mapping Human Reason: Rationalities across Disciplinary Boundaries

Alister E. McGrath

in The Territories of Human Reason: Science and Theology in an Age of Multiple Rationalities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198813101
eISBN:
9780191872396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813101.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter looks at the ‘maps’ of human reason, focussing on how different academic disciplines work with different—and often divergent—notions of rationality. Particular attention is paid to ... More


Putting up barriers

David J. Lobina

in Recursion: A Computational Investigation into the Representation and Processing of Language

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785156
eISBN:
9780191827235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785156.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The study of cognitive phenomena is best approached in an orderly manner. It must begin with an analysis of the function in intension at the heart of any cognitive domain (its knowledge base), then ... More


Why are animals cognitive?: The need for cognitive explanation in animal behavior

Richard W. Byrne

in Evolving Insight

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198757078
eISBN:
9780191820281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757078.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter explains why a cognitive framework is the most productive way of comparing across species. It criticizes the post hoc and untestable nature of using explanations from learning theory to ... More


Scientific Concepts in Literary Studies: Towards Criteria for the Meeting of Literature and Cognitive Science

Marcus Hartner

in Cognitive Literary Science: Dialogues between Literature and Cognition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190496869
eISBN:
9780190496883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496869.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The past decade has witnessed a growing interest in cognitive approaches within the humanities. Yet particularly in the study of literature, many scholars remain sceptical towards this development. ... More


Putting it all together

David J. Lobina

in Recursion: A Computational Investigation into the Representation and Processing of Language

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198785156
eISBN:
9780191827235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785156.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Recursion as a concept can apply to four different theoretical constructs, all of them to some extent independent but with potential points of contact: a) as part of a definition by induction, and ... More


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