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The Basis of Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter sketches a foundational defense of the principle of equality of advancement of interests. The argument proceeds by showing that justice is grounded in the dignity of persons. The dignity ... More


Egalitarianism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In this chapter, the core of the egalitarian position is outlined. Minimally, to qualify as a (welfare) egalitarian, one must claim that an outcome in which everyone has an equal share of welfare is ... More


Prioritarianism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to prioritarianism, outcome value is an additive function of weighted individual welfare, where increases in welfare are weighted such that they gain a greater moral value, the worse off ... More


What Is Objectionable About Inequalities?

Christopher Lake

in Equality and Responsibility

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Ch. 1 examines three kinds of objections to inequalities—those that focus on the consequences of inequalities, those that focus on the causes of inequality, and those that focus on the bare fact of ... More


Equality and Priority *

Bertil Tungodden

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter provides an overview of recent economic and philosophical literature on egalitarianism and prioritarianism. it discusses how a concern for equality promotion can be combined with the ... More


Luck Prioritarian Justice in Health 1

Shlomi Segall

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter inquires after the just distribution of health proper (as distinct from health care), arguing against a Rawlsian approach and in favour of a luck egalitarian one. It demonstrates that ... More


Priority, Not Equality, of Welfare

Timothy Fowler and Timothy Fowler

in Liberalism, Childhood and Justice: Ethical Issues in Upbringing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201635
eISBN:
9781529201680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201635.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

In this chapter I consider various possible distributive principles, that assess what a fair distribution of welfare would look like. I reject the principle of distributive equality because equality ... More


Cutting Men’s Opportunities to Help Women? Title IX and Leveling Down

Deborah L. Brake

in Getting in the Game: Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814799659
eISBN:
9780814789797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814799659.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on the debate over whether Title IX's three-part test is hurting men's sports. In particular, it examines whether women really benefit from Title IX if schools cut or cap men's ... More


5 Cutting Men’s Opportunities to Help Women? Title IX and Leveling Down

Deborah L. Brake

in Getting in the Game: Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814799659
eISBN:
9780814789797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814799659.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses on the debate over whether Title IX's three-part test is hurting men's sports. In particular, it examines whether women really benefit from Title IX if schools cut or cap men's ... More


Prioritarianism and Its Problems

Ingmar Persson

in Inclusive Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780198792178
eISBN:
9780191840470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198792178.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers prefer the prioritarian or priority view that benefits to beings have a greater moral weight the worse off they are, absolutely speaking, to the egalitarian view that this weight is ... More


Commodity money as an extreme sport: Flows, famines, debasements, and imitation pennies

Christine Desan

in Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

By its very design, commodity money created problems that made it difficult to keep in circulation. Coin was a medium that held a certain metal content and traveled at a guaranteed count. But many ... More


What Is Wrongful Exploitation?

Thomas Christiano

in Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 1

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199669530
eISBN:
9780191749377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669530.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers an account of unfair advantage taking or wrongful exploitation. Such an account is of great importance in a world like ours, which is so much organized around voluntary exchange ... More


Some Controversial Implications of the Three Theories

Torbjörn Tännsjö

in Setting Health-Care Priorities: What Ethical Theories Tell Us

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190946883
eISBN:
9780190946913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946883.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Utilitarianism, the maximin/leximin theory, egalitarianism, and prioritarianism all come with, on the face of it, plausible rationales. However, these theories are inconsistent with one another, so ... More


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