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Creditor Initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s

David Roodman

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an overview of the sovereign-debt initiatives from the last twenty-five years. It examines the programs devised by creditors, namely the World Bank and IMF, during the 1980s and ... More


Ethics, Market and Government Failure, and Globalization: Perspectives on Debt and Finance

J. E. Stiglitz

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks at the ethical aspects of globalization during the 1990s. It argues that in the way that they have sought to shape globalization, the advanced industrial countries and some of the ... More


Endogenous Volatility in an Open Economy

Phillippe Aghion and Abhijit Banerjee

in Volatility and Growth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199248612
eISBN:
9780191714719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248612.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that financial liberalization introduces a new problem: Now the real exchange rate, which is the relative price between nontradable and tradable, becomes a source of instability. ... More


The United States and the International Financial Institutions: Power and Influence Within the World Bank and the IMF

Ngaire Woods

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Examines the role of the US in international financial institutions with particular reference to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Describes the extraordinary influence of the ... More


Forms of Institutional Investor Engagement

Roderick Martin, Peter D. Casson, and Tahir M. Nisar

in Investor Engagement: Investors and Management Practice under Shareholder Value

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199202607
eISBN:
9780191707896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202607.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Institutional investors adopt different methods of engagement. Much investor engagement is routine and informal; other engagement is extraordinary and arises from specific circumstances, such as ... More


Lessons from the Crisis

Jean Tirole

in Balancing the Banks: Global Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145235
eISBN:
9781400834648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145235.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter aims to contribute to the debate on financial system reform. The first part describes what is perceived to be a massive regulatory failure, a breakdown that goes all the way from ... More


Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Louis Hyman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Before the twentieth century, personal debt resided on the fringes of the American economy, the province of small-time criminals and struggling merchants. By the end of the century, however, the most ... More


The Carnivalesque, Processing Change

Barry Stephenson

in Performing the Reformation: Religious Festivals in Contemporary Wittenberg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199732753
eISBN:
9780199777310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732753.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Religion and Society

The focus of this chapter is the carnivalesque character of Wittenberg’s Luther festivals, especially Luther’s Wedding. The historical suppression of carnival and popular culture in the centuries ... More


 Encountering Each Other

Jane Idleman Smith

in Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195307313
eISBN:
9780199867875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307313.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Three hypothetical dialogue encounters between Muslims and Christians introduce the reader to some of the issues that can arise in interfaith conversation. The first is a dialogue set up by a local ... More


 Egalitarianism and Assets: God the Economist

Joshua A. Berman

in Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374704
eISBN:
9780199871438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374704.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

Class may be defined as the formation of groups around the extraction, production, transformation, distribution, exchange, and consumption of economic surplus. A program for an egalitarian order, ... More


An Introduction to the History of Debt

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This introductory chapter provides a history of debt. While personal lending had always existed, before 1917 it had never been legal to charge interest rates high enough to turn a profit and, equally ... More


Domestic Financing of Business and Public Investments

Young‐Iob Chung

in South Korea in the Fast Lane: Economic Development and Capital Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195325454
eISBN:
9780199783908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325454.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyzes the sources, magnitude, and means of financing investments in public and private enterprises after the Korean War. The analysis considers the credit policies relative to ... More


Consumer Credit and Debt

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on consumer credit and debt in the 19th century covers imprisonment for debt, the poor man's bankruptcy, pawnbroking, money lenders, and the purchase of goods through hire purchase ... More


New Era of Lending: Tandon Committee and Its Aftermath

Hrishikes Bhattacharya

in Banking Strategy, Credit Appraisal, and Lending Decisions: A Risk–Return Framework

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198074106
eISBN:
9780199080861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074106.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on the lending system proposed by the Tandon Committee in 1975, which was later perfected by the Chore Group The greatest strength of this system lay in its simplicity and ... More


Lending to the Borrower from Hell

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on repayment incentives. The question of why sovereign lending can exist can be divided into two broad approaches: sanctions and reputation. Papers in the reputation tradition ... More


Risk Sharing with the Monarch

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyzes the role of contingent scenarios and nature of the defaults. Over the last 800 years, many periods of debt accumulation have been followed by default. Despite these disruptions, ... More


Rectifying Capital Market Imperfections: The Continuing Rationales for Multilateral Lending

Inge Kaul and Pedro Conceiçāo

in The New Public Finance: Responding to Global Challenges

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195179972
eISBN:
9780199850709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179972.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the rationale for multilateral lending. It describes three types of multilateral lending including countercyclical provision of liquidity to meet temporary current account ... More


The Promotion of Christian Almsgiving

Richard Finn Op

in Almsgiving in the Later Roman Empire: Christian Promotion and Practice 313-450

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199283606
eISBN:
9780191712692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283606.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter details the direct and indirect promotion of almsgiving in Christian discourse, especially in sermons where it featured regularly at times when it would be heard by a large number of the ... More


International Bank Lending

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter, and Gayle Delong

in Global Banking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195335934
eISBN:
9780199932146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335934.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

International bank lending is an active part of the business of major banks. However, competition from nonbanks and the development of securities markets have changed the nature of the business. ... More


Consenting and Dissenting Bibliophiles in Public and Private

Philip Waller

in Writers, Readers, and Reputations: Literary Life in Britain 1870-1918

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199541201
eISBN:
9780191717284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541201.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter investigates the passion for reading and book-collection across the social classes: what determined choice and availability of literature, both fiction and non-fiction, light and ... More


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