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Modeling Credit Markets

Phillippe Aghion and Abhijit Banerjee

in Volatility and Growth

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199248612
eISBN:
9780191714719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248612.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

One of the core assumptions of the neoclassical model is that there is a single market interest rate and every firm invests to the point where their marginal product is equal to this rate. There is a ... More


Promoting Inequality: The Politics of Higher Education Policy in an Era of Conservative Governance

Suzanne Mettler

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In previous times, the United States has been considered as a state that gives utmost priority to higher education. As seen in the history of education in the United States, governmental efforts to ... More


Odious Debt

Seema Jayachandran and Michael Kremer

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the problem of illegitimate debt from a new angle. Instead of focusing on borrowers, it focuses on the role and incentives of creditors who lend to questionable governments for ... More


Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Why do lenders time and again loan money to sovereign borrowers who promptly go bankrupt? When can this type of lending work? As the United States and many European nations struggle with mountains of ... More


Cultural Exchange: Jews, Christians, and Art in the Medieval Marketplace

Joseph Shatzmiller

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156996
eISBN:
9781400846092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156996.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Demonstrating that similarities between Jewish and Christian art in the Middle Ages were more than coincidental, this book combines a wide range of sources to show how Jews and Christians exchanged ... More


Creditors and debtors

Chris Briggs

in Credit and Village Society in Fourteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264416
eISBN:
9780191734342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264416.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In the previous studies about medieval creditors and debtors, two main points were constant: 1) creditors tended to be richer than the debtors; and 2) creditors and debtors tended not to overlap; an ... More


Problems of Tribal Adjustment

S.C. Dube

in The Kamar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077312
eISBN:
9780199081158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077312.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter discusses the problems of tribal adjustment brought about by the Kamars' cultural contacts. It notes that the Kamars would have to pay close attention to the four primary sources of ... More


Allocating Lending of Last Resort and Supervision in the Euro Area

Charles M. Kahn and João A. C. Santos

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The Maastricht Treaty created the European System of Central Banks and the European Central Bank (ECB) to head the system. The treaty entrusts the ECB with the responsibility for monetary policy, but ... More


World Bank Group Interactions with Environmentalists: Changing International Organisation Identities

Susan Park

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079474
eISBN:
9781781703335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079474.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This book shows how environmentalists have shaped the world's largest multilateral development lender, investment financier and political risk insurer to take up sustainable development. It ... More


Introduction

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book argues that mandated disclosure as a distinctive regulatory method routinely fails to achieve its ambitious goals. Describing “mandated disclosure” as perhaps the most common and least ... More


Complex Decisions, Complex Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter shows that the problem caused by mandated disclosure is both intensive and extensive. It is intensive because decisions are so unfamiliar and extremely complex that considerable learning ... More


At Worst, Harmless?

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that mandated disclosure not only can be costly but also can inflict unintended and unnoticed harms. Mandates impose various direct costs on both disclosers and disclosees. For ... More


Holland's Pyramid of Credit

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

As Holland's “common means” became the chief revenue of the confederate provinces, the Lords States managed to fend off efforts, by Orange and then by Leicester, to impose centralized control on ... More


The ECU's Coming of Age

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The main qualitative aspects of the past, present, and future development of the European Currency Unit (ECU) are discussed. Aspects covered are: the formal establishment phase of the ECU clearing ... More


Information Problems

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Information problems constrain the usefulness of consumer choice about school education, suggesting that the state will continue to provide the bulk of finance for school education and, separately, ... More


Designing Student Loans

Nicholas Barr

in The Welfare State as Piggy Bank: Information, Risk, Uncertainty, and the Role of the State

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246595
eISBN:
9780191595936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246599.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Imperfect information, risk, and uncertainty create capital market imperfections. As a result, conventional loans, i.e. mortgage‐type loans, are both inefficient and inequitable. Income‐contingent ... More


The moneylender unmasked

Sean O'Connell

in Credit and Community: Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199263318
eISBN:
9780191718793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263318.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter examines parliamentary investigations of moneylending, explaining the often unintended consequences of legislation and offering insights for contemporary anti-debt debates. The ... More


Banking, Public Finance, and the Economy: Greece, 1919–1933

George B. Dertilis and Constantine Costis

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Three chronic economic problems afflicted Greece during the inter‐war period: the deficit on the trade account, high public expenditure combined with comparatively low revenues, and a heavy public ... More


Spanish Banking in the Inter‐War Period

Pablo Martín‐Aceña

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

During the inter‐war years, the Spanish financial system evolved from unit to branch banking, with an increase in the size and sphere of influence of the big banks, and a higher degree of ... More


Interlinkages and the Pattern of Competition

Debraj Ray and Kunal Sengupta

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the authors make explicit the assumptions required for the frequent presumption of an ‘interlocker's edge’; and, given one or more of these assumptions, try to find out if the theory ... More


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