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The Politics of Judging

Alec Stone Sweet

in Governing with Judges: Constitutional Politics in Europe

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198297710
eISBN:
9780191601095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297718.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The theme of the need to reconceptualize traditional models of legitimation such as separation of powers doctrines is brought into focus. The question of the democratic legitimacy of review is most ... More


How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures

Tracy L. Osborn

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845347
eISBN:
9780199949397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845347.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In How Women Represent Women: Political Parties, Gender and Representation in the State Legislatures, Tracy Osborn examines two avenues through which political parties fundamentally affect how women ... More


Augustine of Hippo and his Monastic Rule

George Lawless

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198267416
eISBN:
9780191683244
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267416.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The Rule of Augustine, very likely the oldest monastic rule with western origins, provides daily inspiration for more than 150 Christian communities. In giving an account of Augustine's distinctive ... More


Sex Equality

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The evolution is charted, through adjudication, of the rules governing sex equality in European Community (EC) law. The first section, ‘The Normative Structure’, provides an overview of the Treaty of ... More


Environmental Protection

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the emergence and institutionalization of a new policy domain for the European Community (EC): environmental protection – a domain that did not exist before the signing of ... More


Focal Points as Mechanisms for Policy Choice

Nils Ringe

in Who Decides, and How?: Preferences, Uncertainty, and Policy Choice in the European Parliament

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199572557
eISBN:
9780191722431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572557.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 4 revisits the book's theoretical framework by questioning the assumption of the perceived preference coherence model that nonexpert MEPs blindly adopt the policy positions of ‘their’ expert ... More


Introduction

Michael D. Minta

in Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149257
eISBN:
9781400840342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149257.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter sets out the book's purpose, namely to demonstrate via an analysis of congressional oversight activities that black and Latino legislators provide superior substantive ... More


United States: A Political Class of Entrepreneurs

Jens Borchert and Gary Copeland

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

American politicians have about the greatest choice in terms of the electoral offices they want to pursue. However, only a minority of these numerous offices is professionalized. Moreover, while ... More


Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress

Michael D. Minta

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149257
eISBN:
9781400840342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149257.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book answers the question of whether black and Latino legislators better represent minority interests in Congress than white legislators, and it is the first book on the subject to focus on ... More


Electing the Senate: Indirect Democracy before the Seventeenth Amendment

Wendy J. Schiller and Charles Stewart III

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163161
eISBN:
9781400852680
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163161.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

From 1789 to 1913, U.S. senators were not directly elected by the people—instead the Constitution mandated that they be chosen by state legislators. This radically changed in 1913, when the ... More


Race, Ethnicity, and a Theory of Substantive Representation in Congressional Oversight

Michael D. Minta

in Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149257
eISBN:
9781400840342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149257.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter outlines the relationship between race, ethnicity, and substantive representation via an in-depth discussion of how racial and ethnic group consciousness operates among black and Latino ... More


Conclusion

Michael D. Minta

in Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149257
eISBN:
9781400840342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149257.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the overall findings of the present study and its implications for minority representation in the US Congress, and suggests paths for further research. Topics covered include ... More


One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Jill Quadagno

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Every industrial nation in the world guarantees its citizens access to essential health care services—every country, that is, except the United States. In fact, one in eight Americans—43 million ... More


Solving the Representative’s Problem and Creating the Representative’s Opportunity

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains when strategic legislators will associate themselves with spending and how constituents are likely to allocate credit in response to legislators' credit claiming messages. The ... More


How Legislators Create an Impression of Influence

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter characterizes legislators' credit-claiming efforts, demonstrating how often legislators claim credit for spending, what legislators claim credit for securing, and the amount legislators ... More


Creating an Impression, Not Just Increasing Name Recognition

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates that legislators' credit-claiming efforts do more than simply bolster name recognition—they also cultivate an impression of influence over federal funds. It examines the ... More


Congress, Minority Interests, and Federal Policymaking

Michael D. Minta

in Oversight: Representing the Interests of Blacks and Latinos in Congress

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149257
eISBN:
9781400840342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149257.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines Congress' historical and contemporary role in overseeing the bureaucracy as it relates to enacting and implementing racial/ethnic and social welfare policies. Most of the ... More


Christian Providential History: A Dialectic of Perfection and Perversion

GEORGE GARNETT

in Marsilius of Padua and 'the Truth of History'

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199291564
eISBN:
9780191710520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291564.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Medieval History

Under papal leadership, the clergy were led further away from the ideal of apostolic poverty espoused in Marsilius's time by the Franciscans. Although the Christianization of the Empire had been ... More


Taxation and Investment: Constitutional Law Limitations on Tax Legislation in Context

Christian Tietje and Karoline Kampermann

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

Taxation of foreign investment plays a major role in the relationship between foreign investors and host States. It might be used as an instrument by governments not only to raise revenue but also ... More


Euge! Belle! Dear Mr Smith

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Terminally ill in 1776, Hume was relieved from anxieties over Smith's masterwork when it finally reached him on 1 April, and he gave it unstinted praise, though not without offering cogent criticism. ... More


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