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Left Feminism, 1947–1964

Judith N. McArthur and Harold L. Smith

in Minnie Fisher Cunningham: A Suffragist's Life in Politics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195304862
eISBN:
9780199871537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304862.003.0011
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite the perception that the national women's movement was moribund, a promising Left Feminist movement was emerging when World War II ended. Cunningham was a leader of this movement in Texas, ... More


Communists and Perverts under the Palms: The Johns Committee in Florida, 1956-1965

Stacy Braukman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039824
eISBN:
9780813043166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039824.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book is about a state legislative committee that originated as a tool of massive resistance in Florida, but, through its investigations of gay and lesbian teachers, indecent literature, and ... More


Deputies and Lawmaking in the RSFSR Supreme Soviet

Thomas F. Remington

in The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

Boris Yeltsin's clash with Mikhail Gorbachev, and then with Ruslan Khasbulatov, over the distribution of constitutional powers had important implications for the parliament of Russia. In particular, ... More


Organizing the New USSR Parliament

Thomas F. Remington

in The Russian Parliament: Institutional Evolution in a Transitional Regime, 1989-1999

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300084986
eISBN:
9780300129762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300084986.003.0003
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter examines how the politicians elected to Mikhail Gorbachev's parliament in 1989 used the limited powers they had to influence policy through legislation. It looks at the relation between ... More


Judges without a Court—Judicial Preview in Sweden

Thomas Bull

in The Legal Protection of Human Rights: Sceptical Essays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199606078
eISBN:
9780191729720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606078.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter describes the Swedish system of preview of legislation in order to assure that constitutional and human rights are respected. It consists of four main components: the system of ... More


Legislative Power Weakened

Brian Pugh

in Chaos and Compromise: The Evolution of the Mississippi Budgeting Process

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781496830197
eISBN:
9781496830234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496830197.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter explains how legislative power was weakened after the courts agreed with Attorney General Bill Allain that it was unconstitutional for legislators to serve on executive boards and ... More


Solving the Secrecy Dilemma

Michael P. Colaresi

in Democracy Declassified: The Secrecy Dilemma in National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199389773
eISBN:
9780199397723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199389773.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 begins an attempt to resolve the secrecy dilemma. A series of institutional innovations around the democratic globe have partially resolved the tension between national security secrecy and ... More


A View of National Security Oversight Institutions

Michael P. Colaresi

in Democracy Declassified: The Secrecy Dilemma in National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199389773
eISBN:
9780199397723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199389773.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Chapter 8 presents a new catalog of national security oversight institutions in democracies from 1970 to 2006, as well as the geographic and over time trends in these institutions. Most importantly, ... More


Implications and Innovations

Michael P. Colaresi

in Democracy Declassified: The Secrecy Dilemma in National Security

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199389773
eISBN:
9780199397723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199389773.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The concluding chapter reviews the secrecy dilemma and draws out several implications relevant to debates about national security leaks, institutional changes, innovations in oversight, and executive ... More


Party Personnel Strategies: How Electoral Systems Shape Individual, Constituency, and Party Trade-Offs

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

The chapter introduces the notion of “party personnel strategies.” The concept refers to the process by which political parties allocate their elected members to legislative committees. The theory is ... More


Institutional Hindrances to Epistemic Success

Robert E. Goodin and Kai Spiekermann

in An Epistemic Theory of Democracy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823452
eISBN:
9780191862137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823452.003.0017
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization, Political Theory

The chapter explores features of institutional design that hamper epistemic performance, especially ‘epistemic bottlenecks’. The first section looks at the influence of strong leaders. The epistemic ... More


Frankfurter’s Departure, a Near-Decision in Gibson, and the Era’s End: (October Term 1961)

Robert M. Lichtman

in The Supreme Court and McCarthy-Era Repression: One Hundred Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037009
eISBN:
9780252094125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037009.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the U.S. Supreme Court’s decisions during its October 1961 term. The number of decisions in “Communist” cases dropped sharply—only three signed decisions compared to fifteen in ... More


The Face of Selective Internment and the Impact of Other Wartime Restrictions

Mary Elizabeth and Basile Chopas

in Searching for Subversives: The Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469634340
eISBN:
9781469634364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634340.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 2 provides a social profile of the 343 Italian civilian internees. Persons who held leadership roles in their communities or possessed special knowledge that could be used against the United ... More


Committees Type and the Expertise Model of Party Personnel

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter introduces the typology of committee types: high policy, public goods, and distributive. It develops the theory of party personnel strategy, consisting of two models political parties ... More


Germany: Harnessing Expertise and Connecting to Constituencies under Mixed-Member Proportional Representation

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter tests the book’s premises on a case of mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) representation, using the case of legislative committees in the Bundestag of Germany. Its results ... More


Israel: How Parties Harness Expertise in a Nationwide Proportional Representation System

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on a case of nationwide proportional representation. In Israel, all members of the 120-seat Knesset are elected in a single nationwide district under closed party lists. Due to ... More


Portugal: Trading Off Expertise and Regional Representation under Districted Proportional Representation

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on Portugal and its districted, closed-list proportional representation system of elections to the Assembly of the Republic. The closed party lists imply that individual ... More


Cruising and Boundary Crossing

Jerry T. Watkins III

in Queering the Redneck Riviera: Sexuality and the Rise of Florida Tourism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813056913
eISBN:
9780813053684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056913.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The ability to travel, sometimes moving across boundaries of race and class, characterizes male cruising for sex along the Redneck Riviera at midcentury. Access to cars, busses, and boats coupled ... More


The Electoral–Constituency Model of Party Personnel

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the electoral–constituency model of party personnel. Under this model, parties deploy their personnel according to their ability to draw votes within specific electoral ... More


Conclusion: Assessing Party Personnel Practices under Varying Electoral Systems

Matthew S. Shugart, Matthew E. Bergman, Cory L. Struthers, Ellis S. Krauss, and Robert J. Pekkanen

in Party Personnel Strategies: Electoral Systems and Parliamentary Committee Assignments

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780192897053
eISBN:
9780191919718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192897053.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes the book’s contribution to understanding the role of individual legislators’ attributes in the collective goal pursuits of political parties. It assesses the performance of ... More


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