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Communicating Preferences: The Public Policy Space

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

For democracy to work, politicians and electors have to see the world in the same party–related terms. Evidence is cited from both surveys and party programmes to show this must be the Left–Right ... More


Research Questions for Comparative Investigation

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter describes the data and the way thse are deployed operationally in the subsequent analysis. The data falls into three main categories: aggregate voting results for post-war national ... More


Choices Parties Offer

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties and their programmes form the alternatives electors vote for under modern representative democracy. A precondition of mandate theory, as opposed to convergence theories of democracy, is that ... More


From Declared to Actual Policy: Short‐Term Influences on Government Policies

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Manifestoes and declarations state priorities for policy rather than getting down to the nitty-gritty. Actual decision-making involves the allocation of scarce resources, and this is examined in this ... More


Left–Right Orientations and Party Choice

Cees van der Eijk, Hermann Schmitt, and Tanja Binder

in The European Voter: A Comparative Study Of Modern Democracies

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199273218
eISBN:
9780191602962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273219.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Just like in the case of value orientations, one might expect a gradual decrease of the power of left-right orientations to explain party choice. However, no such monotonic decline can be observed. ... More


The Cognitive Basis of Voting

Wouter van der Brug and Cees van der Eijk

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the second of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the second of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


Policy Preferences and Party Choice

Cees van der Eijk, Mark N. Franklin, and Wouter van der Brug

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the third of six on the question of political representation in the EU, and the third of four that put the five requirements of the Responsible Party Model (outlined in Ch. 6) to an ... More


Candidate Evaluations and Presidential Electoral Choices in France

Roy Pierce

in Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253135
eISBN:
9780191599675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253137.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

There have been only six French presidential elections between 1965 and 1995, but there has been considerable variation between these in the extent to which the candidates’ leadership attributes ... More


Wishful Thinking Among European Parliamentarians

Sören Holmberg

in Political Representation and Legitimacy in the European Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296614
eISBN:
9780191600227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296614.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter is the last of six on the question of political representation in the EU. It examines the extent to which European parliamentarians have the correct view of voters’ preferences, and the ... More


Meanings and Varieties of the Right

Piero Ignazi

in Extreme Right Parties in Western Europe

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198293255
eISBN:
9780191601903
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter explores the Left-Right dichotomy and the meaning of the term ‘Right.’ It discusses how the terms Left and Right entered the political domain, and concludes that the changing paradigm of ... More


Continuities, Changes, and the Vulnerability of Party

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of three chapters on persistence and change in political parties. Its theme is continuities, changes, and the vulnerability of the party in western Europe, and the aim is to ... More


Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Lawrence Ezrow

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Democracy depends on parties to articulate the political preferences of citizens. Do parties perform this crucial function? This book moves beyond conjecture to address empirically the degree to ... More


The Role of Party Policy Positions in the Operation of Democracy

Robin E. Best and Michael D. McDonald

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role of political parties in providing voters with the potential to control public policy through elections. The chapter begins by asking whether popular control of policy ... More


Left–Right Orientations, Context, and Voting Choices *

Russell J. Dalton

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Democracy presumes that elections give citizens an opportunity to evaluate the policies of the incumbent government and make judgments about the desired course of government in the future. This ... More


Party Polarization and the Ideological Congruence of Governments *

G. Bingham Powell

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

It is expected that the ideological congruence between the median citizen and the government will be shaped by various institutional features, especially the party system. The first two modules of ... More


Mean Voter Representation Versus Partisan Constituency Representation: Do Parties Respond to the Mean Voter Position or to Their Supporters?

Lawrence Ezrow

in Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for Political Representation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199572526
eISBN:
9780191722752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572526.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Do political parties respond to shifts in the preferences of their supporters or to the mean voter position? Cross‐national analyses – based on observations from Eurobarometer surveys and parties' ... More


Independence, Policies, and Strategies

James Mitchell, Lynn Bennie, and Rob Johns

in The Scottish National Party: Transition to Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580002
eISBN:
9780191731099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580002.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Attitudes on Scotland’s constitutional status as well as other policy positions and views on party strategy are explored in this chapter. Most members endorse the official policy of independence in ... More


Systematic and Effective Voting Heuristics

Delia Baldassarri

in The Simple Art of Voting: The Cognitive Shortcuts of Italian Voters

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199828241
eISBN:
9780199979783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828241.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 6 examines the effectiveness of the cognitive shortcuts and the consistency of their use, and shows that the judgment strategies used by utilius, amicus, and aliens are deployed not just in ... More


Relating Elector to Voter Preferences

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

As citizen-electors and voters are different bodies of people, particularly in terms of the choice situation within which they express their preferences, we cannot simply assume that they are the ... More


Representation and the Pace of Policy Change: A Comparative Over-time Analysis

Ian Budge, Hans Keman, Michael McDonald, and Paul Pennings

in Organizing Democratic Choice: Party Representation Over Time

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199654932
eISBN:
9780191741685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654932.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines relationships between preferences and enacted policy through regressions directly linking preferences to expenditure over sixteen democracies 1972–1995. This gives more exact ... More


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