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 Comparisons

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There is a large spectrum of representations of belief states besides probabilities and ranks. The chapter cannot give a complete survey, but it presents comparisons with a number of important ... More


Computational Models of Language Universals: Expressiveness, Learnability, and Consequences

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter reports on research showing that it may be a universal structural property of human languages that they fall into a class of languages defined by mildly context-sensitive grammars. It ... More


Morphological analogy: Only a beginning

John Goldsmith

in Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547548
eISBN:
9780191720628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547548.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Computational Linguistics

A range of approaches to word structure assume segmentation of words into morphs. This chapter proposes explicit algorithm that takes natural language text as its input, and produces the ... More


An Ordered Chaos: How Do Order Effects Arise in a Cognitive Model?

Fernand Gobet and Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how order effects arise within EPAM (Elementary Perceiver and Memorizer), an influential computational theory of cognition developed by Feigenbaum and Simon. EPAM acquires ... More


Introduction: Learning and Teaching Palliative Care

Bee Wee and Nic Hughes

in Education in Palliative Care: Building a Culture of Learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198569855
eISBN:
9780191730443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569855.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter sets out relevant learning theories which may be deemed useful. The ultimate goal of palliative care education is to ensure that patients with palliative care needs, and their families, ... More


SSL: A Theory of How People Learn to Select Strategies

Jörg Rieskamp and Philipp E. Otto

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

The assumption that people possess a repertoire of strategies to solve the inference problems they face has been raised repeatedly. However, a computational model specifying how people select ... More


LAYING THE FOUNDATION: Developing Trauma Response Teams

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Trauma response teams are now found within most communities and many emergency service organizations. They provide a range of services to emergency response workers, their organizations and their ... More


How Learning Theories Shape Our Understanding of Music Learners

Susan A. O'Neill and Yaroslav Senyshyn

in MENC Handbook of Research on Music Learning: Volume 1: Strategies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195386677
eISBN:
9780190268039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195386677.003.0001
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter specifies how theoretical conceptualizations of learning have become integrated into a student's thinking and representation. It provides a review of ideas and concepts associated with ... More


Formal Models of Language Learning

Steven Pinker

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328741
eISBN:
9780199369355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328741.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Research is reviewed that addresses itself to human language learning by developing precise, mechanistic models that are capable in principle of acquiring languages on the basis of exposure to ... More


The Brain and the Bomb

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Game theory’s creators had suggested that the theory might serve as a positive, predictive depiction of human behavior, to be corroborated by experiment and experience. This was certainly how the ... More


Educational Psychology and Psychological Literacy in Higher Education: Developmental and Cultural Aspects of Racial Diversity

Nida Denson and Marsha Ing

in The Psychologically Literate Citizen: Foundations and Global Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199794942
eISBN:
9780199914500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794942.003.0034
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Educational psychology is the study of how people learn. This chapter begins by discussing how issues of racial and cultural diversity relate to psychological literacy and psychology undergraduate ... More


The Virtues of Global Leaders: An Integrative Research Perspective

Arménio Rego, Miguel Pina e Cunha, and Stewart Clegg

in The Virtues of Leadership: Contemporary Challenges for Global Managers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653867
eISBN:
9780191742057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653867.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter integrates the arguments presented in the previous chapters. Different virtues tend to support different roles, activities, and competencies. Therefore, global leaders must combine ... More


Music Learning Theory: A Theoretical Framework in Action

Cynthia Crump Taggart

in Teaching General Music: Approaches, Issues, and Viewpoints

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199328093
eISBN:
9780190464417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328093.003.0010
Subject:
Music, Psychology of Music

Music learning theory (MLT), which was developed by Edwin Gordon, provides a theoretical framework for teaching music. At its core is the goal of developing audiation skills so that students can ... More


Memory as a Constructive Process: The Parallel Distributed Processing Approach

James L. McClelland

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter offers a scientific theory of the nature of human memory that fits naturally with the view of memory as a constructive process. This theory, the complementary learning systems theory, is ... More


Sociopsychological Factors

JOHN W. RENFREW

in Aggression and Its Causes: A Biopsychosocial Approach

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082302
eISBN:
9780199846894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082302.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the influence of sociopsychosocial factors in aggressive behaviour. It highlights the role of respondent and operating conditioning in the acquisition and elimination of ... More


A Cultural Perspective on School-University Collaboration

Martha Stone Wiske

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

No knowledge can be acquired separately from the meaning associated with the experience or the information perceived by the learner or community of learners. This statement is the basic assumption of ... More


Theorising residential child care

Mark Smith

in Rethinking residential child care: Positive perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349088
eISBN:
9781447303268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter examines some of the theories and approaches that have been applied to residential child care in Britain over the years and in different practice settings. A lack of appropriate ... More


First Clinical Attachments: Informal Learning and Stressors in the Clinical Environment

Lamdin Rain

in First Do No Self Harm: Understanding and Promoting Physician Stress Resilience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780195383263
eISBN:
9780199344871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383263.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

In this chapter I explore the professional socialization of medical students through the preclinical to clinical transition of medical education. I discuss professional socialization, the importance ... More


Teaching the learning brain

Jessica Pykett

in Brain culture: Shaping policy through neuroscience

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781447314042
eISBN:
9781447314073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447314042.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter investigates neuroeducation and brain-based teaching models. These practices have been subject to considerable public debate regarding the controversies of ‘smart drugs’ or fish oils ... More


Psychology in the 1950s: a personal view

Alan Baddeley

in Inside Psychology: A science over 50 years

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199228768
eISBN:
9780191696336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228768.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with developments in psychology in the 1950s. It suggests that this period witnessed the demise of Gestalt psychology, a distinctive approach to experimental psychology, ... More


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