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Constraining the Learning Path without Constraints, or The Ocp and NoBanana 1

Charles Reiss

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter argue that wellformedness constraints are inappropriate computational devices for modeling grammar. It develops a purely derivational theory with minimal theoretical apparatus and no ... More


Learning “About” Versus Learning “From” Other Minds: Natural Pedagogy and Its Implications

GyÖrgy Gergely

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter characterizes the concept of cognitive opacity, outlines the nature of the learnability problem it represents for mechanisms of cultural learning, and speculates about its evolutionary ... More


Features in categorization, or a new look at an old problem

Keith Plaster and Maria Polinsky

in Features: Perspectives on a Key Notion in Linguistics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577743
eISBN:
9780191722844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577743.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter reanalyses noun classification in the Australian language Dyirbal. While earlier analyses have proposed intricate class assignment principles rooted in conceptual features, we argue that ... More


The return of the Subset Principle *

Theresa Biberauer and Ian Roberts

in Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This chapter reconsiders the role of the Subset Principle in language acquisition and change, arguing that consideration of true formal optionality enables one to define grammars generating languages ... More


Learnable Languages and the Compositionality Requirement

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses the requirement that an adequate theory of meaning give a constructive account of the meanings of sentences in natural languages, that is, an account of how the meanings of sentences and ... More


Final Remarks

Youssef A. Haddad

in The Sociopragmatics of Attitude Datives in Levantine Arabic

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474434072
eISBN:
9781474444866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474434072.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter highlights the crucial role that context plays in interaction. It hastens to add that the interplay between context and language use is an empirical issue; that is, the investigation of ... More


Theories of Meaning and Learnable Languages

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson asks what properties a language must have to be learnable. He criticizes a (then) popular response that models the order of language acquisition on the epistemological priority of the types ... More


The Demise of Definitions, Part II: The Philosopher's Tale

Jerry A. Fodor

in Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A consideration of `philosophical’ evidence, the view that typical concepts are complex. Connections with questions about analyticity and learnability. The alternative view (`conceptual ... More


Truth theories, competence, and semantic computation

Peter Pagin

in Donald Davidson on Truth, Meaning, and the Mental

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199697519
eISBN:
9780191742316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697519.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the question of whether T-theories explain how it is possible to understand new sentences, or learn an infinite language, as Davidson claimed. It argues against some ... More


Darwin's musical protolanguage: an increasingly compelling picture

Simon Kirby

in Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199553426
eISBN:
9780191731020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553426.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter comments on the discussion in Chapter 9. It largely agrees with Fitch's proposals and explores the extent to which the learnability of communicative systems informs the emergence of ... More


Skewed frequencies as a design feature of language

John R Taylor

in The Mental Corpus: How language is represented in the mind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199290802
eISBN:
9780191741388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290802.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

A language must be learnable by new generations of speakers. Contributing to the learnability of language and its semantic and syntactic categories are the skewed frequencies of its elements. ... More


Empiricism and Language Learnability

Nick Chater, Alexander Clark, John A. Goldsmith, and Amy Perfors

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198734260
eISBN:
9780191801891
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198734260.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book explores one of the central problems in theoretical linguistics: learnability. The chapters, written from different perspectives—linguistics, philosophy, computer science, psychology, and ... More


The Logic of Evidence

Charles Yang

in The Price of Linguistic Productivity: How Children Learn to Break the Rules of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035323
eISBN:
9780262336376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035323.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A completely new conceptualization of the indirect negative evidence business in language acquisition, especially in syntax. Instead of thinking about retreating from over-generalization, a ... More


Processing or Pragmatics? Explaining the Coreference Delay

Tanya Reinhart

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015127
eISBN:
9780262295888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015127.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In 1990, Y.-C. Chien and Kenneth Wexler (1990) proposed that acquisition delays in children occur with coreference rather than the binding theory in general, in agreement with the notion that ... More


Formal Models of Language Learning

Steven Pinker

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328741
eISBN:
9780199369355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328741.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Research is reviewed that addresses itself to human language learning by developing precise, mechanistic models that are capable in principle of acquiring languages on the basis of exposure to ... More


How signs account for some complex properties of language

Denis Bouchard

in The Nature and Origin of Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199681624
eISBN:
9780191761584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681624.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The Sign Theory of Language leads to new insights in our understanding of a substantial sample of key constructions in decades of linguistic analysis, such as structure dependence, binding theory, ... More


A view of the morphome debate

Ricardo Bermúdez-Otero and Ana R. Luís

in The Morphome Debate

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198702108
eISBN:
9780191771804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702108.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter surveys the current debate on the morphome, drawing attention to underexplored theoretical possibilities and underexploited empirical tools. Three separate claims made by proponents of ... More


Habituation

Ian Bogost

in How to Do Things With Videogames

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816676460
eISBN:
9781452947617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816676460.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter begins by presenting the axiom that a game should be “easy to learn and hard to master,” a concept which earned the title “Bushnell’s Law”, based on Atari founder Nolan Bushnell. This is ... More


Deriving linguistic variation from learnability conditions: The Chunking Procedure

Adriana Fasanella and Jordi Fortuny

in Rethinking Parameters

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190461737
eISBN:
9780190461768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190461737.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter stresses that the central problem of parametric theory is Plato’s problem (how do humans learn a language?), whereas what we may call Greenberg’s problem (what is the shape and degree of ... More


Fodor and the Innateness of All (Basic) Concepts

Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini

in On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews Fodor’s contribution to the epic Chomsky-Piaget Royaumont debate. The issue that was under discussion was a familiar one, namely, what psychological processes underlie concept ... More


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