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Choices Parties Offer

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Parties and their programmes form the alternatives electors vote for under modern representative democracy. A precondition of mandate theory, as opposed to convergence theories of democracy, is that ... More


Temporal Leapfrog: Puzzles of Timing

Nina Eliasoph

in Making Volunteers: Civic Life after Welfare's End

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147093
eISBN:
9781400838820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147093.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter portrays the Community House's possibly mismatched time lines, and shows how participants align them by focusing on future potential. Sometimes this temporal leapfrog works, but ... More


Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Arthur M., Jr. Diamond

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism shows how life improves under the economic system often called “entrepreneurial capitalism” or “creative destruction,” but more ... More


At the Expense of the Claimant

Peter Birks

in Unjust Enrichment

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199276981
eISBN:
9780191699917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276981.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Unjust enrichment is a category with a core where all agree, and a periphery where reasonable people begin to differ. At a certain point all agree once more that an outer limit has been overstepped. ... More


The Aftermath of Math Blaster

Eric Klopfer

in Augmented Learning: Research and Design of Mobile Educational Games

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262113151
eISBN:
9780262277297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262113151.003.0003
Subject:
Computer Science, Game Studies

This chapter first considers the popularity of educational games such as Oregon Trail, Math Blaster, and Number Munchers. It explains that these games were promoted by both teachers and parents ... More


Who Gets Heard? Permission to Appeal Decisions

Chris Hanretty

in A Court of Specialists: Judicial Behavior on the UK Supreme Court

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197509234
eISBN:
9780197509265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197509234.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics, Public International Law

This chapter examines the “permission to appeal” (PTA) process at the Supreme Court. Each year more than two hundred litigants seek permission to appeal from the Supreme Court. Around one-third of ... More


Lagging: Innovation in Disguise

Shaul Oreg and Jacob Goldenberg

in Resistance to Innovation: Its Sources and Manifestations

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226632605
eISBN:
9780226237329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226237329.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

In this chapter we challenge the common view that Laggards are of little value to firms because of their late adoption. Previous conceptualizations of what it means to be a Laggard have been that the ... More


Leaping Ahead to Valuing the Next Generation

Elie ofek, Eitan Muller, and Barak Libai

in Innovation Equity: Assessing and Managing the Monetary Value of New Products and Services

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226618296
eISBN:
9780226394145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226394145.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines successive innovation generations in a category. It shows that a new generation may diffuse faster than its predecessors, in terms of when absolute adoption numbers are ... More


Hope in Flow

Anne Pollock

in Synthesizing Hope: Matter, Knowledge, and Place in South African Drug Discovery

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226629049
eISBN:
9780226629216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226629216.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores a new direction that iThemba Pharmaceuticals had hoped to follow in order to fund its drug discovery work: building “green” pharmaceutical manufacturing capacity in South ... More


The Challenge of Global Climate Change: An Indian Perspective

Shyam Saran

in Democracy, Sustainable Development, and Peace: New Perspectives on South Asia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198092346
eISBN:
9780199082834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092346.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter contextualizes the challenge of climate change, mitigation, and adaptation in the perennial cultural and intellectual traditions of South Asia, according to which human existence is seen ... More


Energy Transition from Fuelwood to Electricity

Wei Liu, Andrés Viña, Wu Yang, Frank Lupi, Zhiyun Ouyang, Hemin Zhang, and Jianguo Liu

in Pandas and People: Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198703549
eISBN:
9780191820700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703549.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

More than 2.5 billion people around the world, particularly in rural areas of developing countries, still rely on biomass fuels (e.g., fuelwood) to fulfill their household energy requirements. This ... More


An Economy of Innovative Dynamism

Arthur M. Diamond Jr.

in Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Economies have grown where innovative dynamism has flourished, especially in the United States from roughly 1830 to 1930. Innovations are not inevitable, but occur when inventors can invent and ... More


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