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 International Experience with Competing Approaches to Environmental Policy: Results from Six Paired Cases

Winston Harrington and Richard D. Morgenstern

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents the results of an international effort to compare the actual outcomes of pollution control policies using economic incentive (EI) instruments with those using direct regulation or ... More


 The Market‐Based Lead Phasedown

Richard G. Newell and Kristian Rogers

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay uses the case study of the phasedown of lead gasoline in the United States to argue that market-based instruments can be effective in meeting environmental objectives at a lower cost than ... More


Referential Function (II)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

I fulfils its referential function in the deictic mode. Deictic terms fulfil their referential role by the action of making an individual salient. That is the genus to which ... More


Referential Function (I)

Maximilian de Gaynesford

in I: The Meaning of the First Person Term

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287826
eISBN:
9780191603570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287821.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The referential function of any singular term is to provide a positive answer to the question: ‘which individual is being spoken of?’, that is, to achieve determinacy of reference. What enables a ... More


Lead Abatement Research

Lainie Friedman Ross

in Children in Medical Research: Access versus Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199273287
eISBN:
9780191603655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273286.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In August 2001, the Maryland Court of Appeals harshly criticized the Kennedy Krieger Institute of Johns Hopkins University for knowingly exposing poor children to lead-based paint. This chapter ... More


Summary

GÜNTHER DISSERTORI, IAN G. KNOWLES, and MICHAEL SCHMELLING

in Quantum Chromodynamics: High Energy Experiments and Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199566419
eISBN:
9780191708060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566419.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. Starting from its historical development, the lagrangian of QCD is introduced and its phenomenological consequences worked out in ... More


The Brazilian Software Industry

Antonio J. Junqueira Botelho, Giancarlo Stefanuto, and Francisco Veloso

in From Underdogs to Tigers: The Rise and Growth of the Software Industry in Brazil, China, India, Ireland, and Israel

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199275601
eISBN:
9780191705823
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275601.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Starting in the early 1990s, a growing and increasingly open Brazilian economy spurred extraordinary development in the domestic IT and software sectors. Firms across the economy invested in IT and ... More


Spotting Financial Crises

Michael Chui and Prasanna Gai

in Private Sector Involvement and International Financial Crises: An Analytical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199267750
eISBN:
9780191602504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267758.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Presents a critical overview of the literature on early warning systems and leading indicators of crisis. Examines the signalling method, the discrete choice approach, and structural models. ... More


The European Corporation: Strategy, Structure, and Social Science

Richard Whittington and Michael Mayer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199251049
eISBN:
9780191714382
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251049.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This book traces the evolution of the large industrial corporation in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom from the 1950s to the 1990s. It combines long-run trends with illustrative case studies ... More


Beating time: resistance and the subaltern voice in prison work songs

Mary-Ann Constantine and Gerald Porter

in Fragments and Meaning in Traditional Song: From the Blues to the Baltic

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262887
eISBN:
9780191734441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262887.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

This chapter discusses resistance and the subaltern voice present in prison work songs. It shows that the songs that accompany work and follow its rhythm stand as a collective challenge to ideas of ... More


Chapter Four Thinking with the Ear: Strayhorn’s Musical Fingerprints

Walter van de Leur

in Something to Live For: The Music of Billy Strayhorn

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195124484
eISBN:
9780199868711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124484.003.0004
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter brings up the various distinctive techniques in Strayhorn’s composing and arranging. These include through-composed forms with developmental sections and integrated introductions, ... More


Prolongationl Functions

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter elaborates a new approach to tonal and harmonic function. To do this, it establishes a frame of reference; so it first develops a tonic-finding method, based on the principle of the ... More


Prolongations in Chromatic Spaces

Fred Lerdahl

in Tonal Pitch Space

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195178296
eISBN:
9780199870370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178296.003.0007
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter applies the constructs worked out in Chapter 6 to the analysis of chromatic music, beginning with passages in Wagner, Debussy, and Stravinsky. Psychoacoustic factors in prolongational ... More


The flight apparatus

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

The wings of all flying birds consist of two parts: the arm wing and the hand wing. Cross sections through the arm wings have a round leading edge, a cambered shape, and a sharp trailing edge. The ... More


Aerodynamics

John J. Videler

in Avian Flight

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299928
eISBN:
9780191714924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299928.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

Main forces on a flying bird are lift, weight, thrust, and drag. Quantitative visualization of the flow shows how these forces result from the interactions between bird and air. Conventional flow ... More


Leading Cases in the Common Law

A. W. Brian Simpson

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262992
eISBN:
9780191682438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262992.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book offers a collection of chapters by arguably the most popular legal historian writing today. Most of the chapters have not been previously published, and those which have appeared previously ... More


Overview: Causes, Costs, and Prediction

Michael Chui and Prasanna Gai

in Private Sector Involvement and International Financial Crises: An Analytical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199267750
eISBN:
9780191602504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267758.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Presents an overview of Part 1 of the book—reviewing the key models in the theoretical and empirical literature on financial crises. Discusses how existing approaches can be reconciled using the ... More


Law and Anthropology: Current Legal Issues Volume 12

Michael Freeman and David Napier (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199580910
eISBN:
9780191723025
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580910.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

Current Legal Issues, like its sister volume Current Legal Problems, is based upon an annual colloquium held at University College London. Each year, leading scholars from around the world gather to ... More


Soul‐Leading: The Unity Of The Phaedrus, Again

Jessica Moss

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 43

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199666164
eISBN:
9780191751936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199666164.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

The Phaedrus claims that good logoi must be “put together like a living creature”, with parts that suit one another and the whole; but the dialogue itself seems to be a misshapen jumble. It begins as ... More


Toward Post-industrial Relations

Charles Heckscher, Michael Maccoby, Rafael Ramirez, and Pierre-Eric Tixier

in Agents of Change: Crossing the Post-Industrial Divide

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199261758
eISBN:
9780191718687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261758.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Building from the experiences outlined earlier in this book, this chapter sketches ‘leading-edge’ efforts to encompass a wider range of stakeholders and issues. It deals with processes for deciding ... More


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