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Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Daniel J Clark

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

It is conventional wisdom that because of lucrative contracts negotiated by the United Auto Workers (UAW) under Walter Reuther's leadership, most autoworkers in the U.S. enjoyed steady work, ... More


Corporate Governance and Financial Reporting at Daimler-Benz (DaimlerChrysler) AG: From a “Stakeholder” toward a “Shareholder Value” Model

Ray Ball

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Explores the link between corporate governance and accounting using the US cross-listing of Daimler-Benz as an example. The changes in Daimler’s corporate governance around the cross-listing, ... More


Wage Bargaining and Unions

Richard Layard, Stephen Nickell, and Richard Jackman

in Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199279166
eISBN:
9780191700033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279166.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Generally, unions bargain over wages and manning ratios. They do not bargain on total employment for the reason than in most normal cases (wherein new workers are hired), the employment level is ... More


The Edge of What's Barely Possible

Leslie Berlin

in The Man behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195163438
eISBN:
9780199788569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.003.0010
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter recounts the events that affected Noyce's life and Intel during the 1970s. Topics covered include the meteoric rise of Intel, Noyce's wealth, Noyce extra-marital affair and the breakup ... More


Shortages and Strikes, 1945–1948

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

After earning the nickname "The Arsenal of Democracy" during WWII, Detroit’s auto plants experienced production disruptions during postwar reconversion to civilian production. This meant significant ... More


The Era of “The Treaty of Detroit,” 1949–1950

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

The 1950 GM-UAW contract, called "The Treaty of Detroit" by Fortune magazine, dominates accounts of postwar U.S. labor history because it seemed to ensure steady employment, increasing wages, and ... More


No Longer the Arsenal of Democracy, 1951–1952

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

During the Korean War, autoworkers experienced persistent layoffs while inflation increased the cost of living. Government allocations of raw materials did not favor the auto industry, and most ... More


A “Painfully Inconvenient” Recession, 1954

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

During the 1954 recession, tens of thousands of Detroit autoworkers experienced prolonged layoffs and relied on unemployment pay and secondary jobs. Industry officials and civic leaders denied that ... More


“The Fifties” in One Year, 1955

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

The year 1955 is the template for claims that the decade was a golden age for autoworkers. It began with auto plants operating at or near capacity, with multiple shifts. Business leaders predicted ... More


“A Severe and Prolonged Hangover,” 1956–1957

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

The 1955 production boom resulted in nearly a million unsold vehicles on dealers’ lots. As a result, automakers scaled back production, resulting in widespread, chronic layoffs for autoworkers. ... More


The Nadir, 1958

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

In 1958, conditions in Detroit’s auto industry went from bad to worse. Unemployment often exceeded 15 percent, easily double the national rate. Rampant inflation made things worse. Well over ... More


“What IS happening? Which way ARE we headed?” 1959–1960

Daniel J. Clark

in Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780252042010
eISBN:
9780252050756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042010.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Despite the official end of the 1958 recession, massive unemployment persisted for Detroit's autoworkers amidst huge disruptions in production. Safety nets had long since frayed. Most autoworkers ... More


The Phoenix?

Dale Maharidge

in Someplace Like America: Tales from the New Great Depression

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520262478
eISBN:
9780520948792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520262478.003.0028
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

Youngstown is a difficult place to find hope. Like many cities in the Steel Belt, it has never been the kind of town where most residents drink their morning coffee bright with optimism for the new ... More


Religious Discrimination at Various Stages of the Employment Relationship

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines acts of religious discrimination at various stages of the employment relationship. A worker who intends to pursue a religious discrimination claim against his or her employer ... More


A Company of One

Carrie M. Lane

in A Company of One: Insecurity, Independence, and the New World of White-Collar Unemployment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449642
eISBN:
9780801460791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449642.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter follows Dallas-area job seekers through their layoffs and into the early stages of their job search, examining what appeared to be a surprising lack of anger and anxiety about their new ... More


Poland

Baranowska Anna

in Europe enlarged: A handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420640
eISBN:
9781447302230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The transition to a market economy in Poland started in 1990 with radical and comprehensive reforms aimed at eliminating detailed state intervention in both labour and product markets. Increasing ... More


From the “Iron Rice Bowl” to the “Rice Bowl of Youth”

Wen Hua

in Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139811
eISBN:
9789888180691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139811.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

People usually assume that cosmetic surgery is a privilege of the elite and the rich. However, women who opt for cosmetic surgery come from diverse groups in China. Using ethnographic cases, this ... More


Disenfranchised

Joel Andreas

in Disenfranchised: The Rise and Fall of Industrial Citizenship in China

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190052607
eISBN:
9780190052645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190052607.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work, Comparative and Historical Sociology

Chapter 8 examines the consequences of industrial restructuring, which began in the early 1990s and continues to the present day. The great majority of state-run and collective enterprises have been ... More


Social Security Policy in the Context of Evolving Employment Policy

Barry L. Friedman

in Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199990313
eISBN:
9780199346363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199990313.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter is concerned with three transitions and their effects on social security and employment policies. In the transition from Maoist socialism, China aimed to reduce worker redundancy in ... More


The Link between Human Capital, Mass Layoffs, and Firm Deaths

John M. Abowd, Kevin L. McKinney, and Lars Vilhuber

in Producer Dynamics: New Evidence from Micro Data

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226172569
eISBN:
9780226172576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226172576.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter uses the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) data set to assess the human capital embodied in a firm's workforce and relate it to the performance of the firm. It observes ... More


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