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Self-Theories: The Construction of Free Will

Carol S Dweck and Daniel C Molden

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The nature of free will is a philosophical issue; whether people believe they have it is a psychological one; and whether people actually have it is in the terrain in between. This chapter shows how ... More


Civil Societies as Cultural and Developmental Contexts for Civic Identity Formation

Constance Flanagan, M. Loreto Martínez, and Patricio Cumsille

in Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology: New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195383430
eISBN:
9780199827176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the mediating institutions of civil society in the social incorporation of younger citizens. Lay theories about the polity and the tenets of the social contract that bind ... More


The Study of Lay Theories: A Piece of the Puzzle for Understanding Prejudice

Luisa Ramírez, Lisa Rosenthal, Sheri R. Levy and Dina M. Karafantis

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0058
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

“Lay” theories are the theories that people use in their everyday life. They not only serve people's epistemic needs to understand and make predictions about their social world but also serve their ... More


Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child Lay Theories of Corporal Punishment

Adrian Furnham (ed.)

in Corporal Punishment of Children in Theoretical Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300085471
eISBN:
9780300133806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300085471.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter is concerned with lay theories of corporal punishment. Despite the fact that the issue of such things as the efficacy of punishment and the morality of corporal punishment in particular ... More


Lay Theories of How Passion for Work Is Achieved

Patricia Chen and Phoebe C. Ellsworth

in Passion for Work: Theory, Research, and Applications

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190648626
eISBN:
9780190648657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648626.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, we introduce a lay theory approach to study how work passion is attained, as a complement to the scientific theory–driven approach. We provide insight into the lay person’s everyday ... More


Culture and Lay Theories of Change

Ning Zhang, Li-Jun Ji, and Tieyuan Guo

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Lay theories of change refer to beliefs people hold about how events develop over time and are related to each other. This chapter reviews cultural differences in lay theories of change between East ... More


On the Social Construction of Moral Universals: The “Holocaust” from War Crime to Trauma Drama

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235946
eISBN:
9780520936768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235946.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter explores the social creation of cultural fact and the effects of the cultural fact upon social and moral life. Lay trauma theory was compromised with the contemporary forms of thinking. ... More


Metacognitive Diversity: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Joëlle Proust and Martin Fortier (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198789710
eISBN:
9780191841675
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789710.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This book focuses on the variability of metacognitive skills across cultures. Metacognition refers to the processes that enable agents to contextually control their first-order cognitive activity ... More


Multicultural Identities

Ying-yi Hong and Siran Zhan

in The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190679743
eISBN:
9780190679774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190679743.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Rapid globalization has heightened intercultural exposure and diversity of societies. As an adaptation to globalization, many individuals are acquiring identities that pertain to more than one ... More


The Sources of Disenchantment with Democracy*

Janusz Reykowski

in Disenchantment with Democracy: A Psychological Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190078584
eISBN:
9780190078614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190078584.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Disenchantment with democracy may have different sources. One such source is the discrepancy between the expected advantages of the system and the experience with real democracy. In our research, we ... More


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