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Manifest Activity: Thomas Reid's Theory of Action

Gideon Yaffe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199268559
eISBN:
9780191601415
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019926855X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Manifest Activity examines Thomas Reid's efforts to provide answers to a host of traditional philosophical questions concerning the nature of the will, the powers of human beings, motivation, and the ... More


The Laws of Nature

Athol Fitzgibbons

in Adam Smith's System of Liberty, Wealth, and Virtue: The Moral and Political Foundations of The Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292883
eISBN:
9780191596247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292880.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Describes Smith's laws of Nature, including his debt to Stoic logic and its reliance on essences. It considers Smith's response to David Hume's scepticism, differentiates Smith's methodology from ... More


God and Explanation

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Difficulties in invoking God in any explanatory role are pursued in connection with the possibility of miracles and the argument from design. The anthropic principle and the significance of ‘fine ... More


D. M. Armstrong and the Recovery of Ontology

Keith Campbell

in Categories of Being: Essays on Metaphysics and Logic

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199890576
eISBN:
9780199980031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter provides an overview of the development of Armstrong’s metaphysics, with special reference to his contributions to Ontology proper, and to the place that ontology now commands in ... More


Causation and Necessity

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of causation has a key role in both theological and cosmological speculations. An analysis of the concept which runs counter to the Humean tradition is developed, an analysis which aims ... More


Strauss on Locke and the Law of Nature

Michael P. Zuckert and Catherine H. Zuckert

in Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226135731
eISBN:
9780226135878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135878.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The Lockean form of modernity was generally more attractive than the Machiavellian and far more successful. Locke appealed to what seemed a version of traditional natural law and cast his argument in ... More


A Spirituality for Our Time

Gary Holthaus

in Learning Native Wisdom: What Traditional Cultures Teach Us about Subsistence, Sustainibility, and Spirtuality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124872
eISBN:
9780813135281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124872.003.0014
Subject:
History, Cultural History

As life is full of various catastrophes at different levels, the need for some type of stability arises. One of the aspects of intellectual and spiritual discipline involves learning how to discover ... More


Universalizability and Self-Improvement

Robert N. Johnson

in Self-Improvement: An Essay in Kantian Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599349
eISBN:
9780191731556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Formula of the Universal Law of Nature is perhaps the most well-known version of the Categorical Imperative. This chapter sets out the author’s understanding of this Formula and explains in ... More


The Legacy of Smith’s Jurisprudence in Late Eighteenth-Century Edinburgh

John W. Cairns

in Philosophy, Rights and Natural Law: Essays in Honour of Knud Haakonssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781474449229
eISBN:
9781474460200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449229.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The chapter explores the development of law teaching in the University of Edinburgh in the later eighteenth-century, showing how Adam Smith's thinking promoted the development by law professors, all ... More


Cartesianism

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Cartesian skepticism, unlike Pyrrhonism, was total, calling into question low beliefs as well as high. Descartes himself was not a skeptic but set out the argument in its favor for the purpose of ... More


Justifying Belief in Supernatural Causes

Larry Shapiro

in The Miracle Myth: Why Belief in the Resurrection and the Supernatural is Unjustified

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231178402
eISBN:
9780231542142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178402.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

What are miracles? They are events that involve a violation of natural law due to the intervention of a supernatural, typically divine, being. Because we think that such interventions are extremely ... More


What if Everyone Did That?

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of the assumption that everyone continues to do whatever they are now doing within the context of Immanuel Kant's formulas on universal laws, ... More


Universal laws

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume One

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199572809
eISBN:
9780191809866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199572809.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a philosophical discussion of Immanuel Kant's Formula of Universal Law as an alternative to consequentialist reasoning. It first considers one version of Kant's Formula of ... More


Physics as an Art Form

Alvaro De Rújula

in Enjoy Our Universe: You Have No Other Choice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198817802
eISBN:
9780191859366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817802.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Beauty and simplicity, a scientist’s view. A first encounter with Einstein’s equations of General Relativity, space-time, and Gravity. Ockham’s Razor. Why the Universe is the way it is: The origin of ... More


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