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Pollination in Different Habitats

Pat Willmer

in Pollination and Floral Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128610
eISBN:
9781400838943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128610.003.0027
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines pollination that occurs in different kinds of ecosystems and habitats, along with the implications for plant–pollinator interactions. It begins with a discussion of pollination ... More


Estimating Moss and Lichen Ground Layer Net Primary Production in Tundra, Peatlands, and Forests

Dale H. Vitt

in Principles and Standards for Measuring Primary Production

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195168662
eISBN:
9780199790128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168662.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bryophytes and lichens comprise a high proportion of biomass and primary production in many high latitude ecosystems. This chapter outlines the special problems encountered and approaches available ... More


Geographic Gradients

Robert R. Dunn, Benoit Guénard, Michael D. Weiser, and Nathan J. Sanders

in Ant Ecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199544639
eISBN:
9780191720192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544639.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

One of the key questions in ecology is what drives species diversity patterns. Generally ant diversity decreases with increasing latitude, and elevation. While a host of mechanisms to explain these ... More


Thermal Heterogeneity

Michael J. Angilletta

in Thermal Adaptation: A Theoretical and Empirical Synthesis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198570875
eISBN:
9780191718748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570875.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Animal Biology

Organisms continuously exchange heat with their environment by radiation, conduction, convection, and evaporation. The net effect of these processes on the steady-state temperature of an organism can ... More


Chapter Three

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter shows that the latitudes of the Earth have differing seasons caused by the motion of the Sun in the zodiacal circle. The lengthening of daytimes causes the seasons to be reversed in the ... More


Christiaan Huygens: A Great Natural Philosopher Who Measured Gravity and an Illuminating Foil for Newton on Method

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Part I gives background on Huygens’ theory-mediated measurement of gravity. It reviews his reaction to differing pendulum measurements from different latitudes and his application of rotation to give ... More


Abuse, Neglect, and the State

Norvin Richards

in The Ethics of Parenthood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731749
eISBN:
9780199866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731749.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Parents have considerable latitude in the way they treat their children but are not free to abuse the children or to neglect them. But what should count as abuse or neglect, and what should determine ... More


Raising a Child

Norvin Richards

in The Ethics of Parenthood

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199731749
eISBN:
9780199866311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731749.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What is required by the parental obligation to raise our children? The answer must balance claims that the larger society has in the matter, claims that the child has while still a child, claims that ... More


Geographical axis effects in large-scale linguistic distributions

Tom Güldemann and Harald Hammarström

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Taking up Diamond’s (1999) geographical axis hypothesis regarding the different population histories of continental areas, Güldemann (2008, 2010) proposed that macro-areal aggregations of linguistic ... More


Enhancing Federal Enforcement

Daniel A. Crane

in The Institutional Structure of Antitrust Enforcement

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372656
eISBN:
9780199893287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372656.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter considers ways to enhance the enforcement powers of the two agencies: the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the Antitrust Division, without changing the institutional status quo. It ... More


Multiple Sclerosis

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides information on the epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS), the most common disabling neurological disease in young adults. It describes the clinical and pathologic features of ... More


Johnson's Pendulum: Introduction

Freya Johnston and Lynda Mugglestone

in Samuel Johnson: The Arc of the Pendulum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654345
eISBN:
9780191745003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654345.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

Describing Samuel Johnson's prose style, William Hazlitt turned to the image of the pendulum. It is depicted by him as oscillating with predictable regularity, its movement inflexible as well as ... More


Roman Portable Sundials: The Empire in your Hand

Richard J. A. Talbert

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190273484
eISBN:
9780190273507
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190273484.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

In a premodern, largely unscientific era, when maps were rarities, how did Romans envisage their far-flung empire? By various means for certain, which Talbert now supplements with an investigation of ... More


Chapter Four1

Alan C. Bowen and Robert B. Todd

in Cleomedes' Lectures on Astronomy: A Translation of The Heavens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233256
eISBN:
9780520928510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233256.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter reviews the lengths of daytimes and nighttimes and states that they differ at differing latitudes because of the motion of the Sun in the zodiacal circle. The Sun provides daytimes that ... More


Improving the Scottish Climate

Fredrik Albritton Jonsson

in Enlightenment's Frontier: The Scottish Highlands and the Origins of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300162547
eISBN:
9780300163742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300162547.003.0004
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter begins with the story of a dry, sulfurous fog that enveloped Europe in the summer of 1783. The fog was bitter to the taste, stung the eyes, and degraded plants with an acidic bite. The ... More


Machines and Media

Edward Jones-Imhotep (ed.)

in The Unreliable Nation: Hostile Nature and Technological Failure in the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036511
eISBN:
9780262341318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036511.003.0003
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter sets the stage for DRTE’s linking of nature and technology by examining anxieties about ionosondes — the chief instruments of ionospheric research. The ionosondes that emerged from World ... More


Reading Technologies

Edward Jones-Imhotep (ed.)

in The Unreliable Nation: Hostile Nature and Technological Failure in the Cold War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036511
eISBN:
9780262341318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036511.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines the efforts to make the high-latitude ionogram legible, tracing the effects of that new legibility into wider, resonant views of the relationship between the North and ... More


The Turn of the Century

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

Professor Ludwig Becker's incumbency followed a series of tribulations. After an early mark as a solar spectroscopist under the Earl of Crawford's patronage, he worked at the new Royal Observatory ... More


Latitudinal Variation of Body Size in Land Snail Populations and Communities

Jeffrey C. Nekola, Gary M. Barker, Robert A. D. Cameron, and Beata M. Pokryszko

in Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226012148
eISBN:
9780226012285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226012285.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the nature and underlying mechanisms for body size vs. latitude relationships in land snail populations and communities observed across large extents (>2,500 km) in northwestern ... More


Climate of Costa Rica

Wilberth Herrera

in Costa Rican Ecosystems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226121505
eISBN:
9780226121642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121642.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Integrated climatological research is needed to better understand the full impact of modern climate change on Costa Rican ecosystems and human society. Costa Rica’s orography, latitude, and nature as ... More


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