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Thalamic Control of Visual Attention

Sabine Kastner, Yuri B Saalmann, and Keith A Schneider

in The Neuroscience of Attention: Attentional Control and Selection

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195334364
eISBN:
9780199932283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195334364.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses thalamocortical interactions, an understanding of which is central to understanding perception and cognition. The visual thalamus consists of three main nuclei: the lateral ... More


Physiology of the visual system

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the general physiology of the visual system. The discussions cover the eye; visual pathways and decussation; the lateral geniculate nucleus; visual cortex; the stimulus tuning of ... More


ORGANIZATION OF THE VISUAL SYSTEM

Nigel Daw

in How Vision Works: The Physiological Mechanisms Behind What We See

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751617
eISBN:
9780199932375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751617.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the anatomy of the visual system. There are parallel pathways, starting in the retina, then going through the lateral geniculate nucleus, primary visual cortex (V1), secondary ... More


A Population Density Model of the Driven LGN/PGN

Marco A. Huertasand and Gregory D. Smith

in Stochastic Methods in Neuroscience

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199235070
eISBN:
9780191715778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235070.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Biostatistics

The interaction of two populations of integrate-and-fire-or-burst neurons representing thalamocortical cells from the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and thalamic reticular cells from the ... More


The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

The prime input to the lateral geniculate nuclei (LGN) is from the retina. The laminae in the LGN receive input from different eyes as well as from different types of ganglion cells. The large cells ... More


Defining the functional components of the thalamic gate

Ray Guillery

in The Brain as a Tool: A Neuroscientist's Account

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198806738
eISBN:
9780191844317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806738.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter starts by summarizing the electron microscopic appearance of the retinogeniculate axons and their immediate environment. These form the functional components of the visual input to the ... More


The Reactivation and Reorganization of Retinotopic Maps in Visual Cortex of Adult Mammals After Retinal and Cortical Lesions

Jon H. Kaas, Christine E. Collins, and Yuzo M. Chino

in Filling-In: From Perceptual Completion to Cortical Reorganization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195140132
eISBN:
9780199865307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140132.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

The mammalian visual system is characterized by a hierarchy of processing stations that tend to preserve and reflect the spatial order of outputs from the retina of each eye. The optic nerve fibers ... More


First and Higher Order Thalamic Relays

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

As was noted in the previous chapter, Class 1 inputs help to define a main function of a thalamic relay because they identify the driver inputs that carry the message that is sent to cortex. For ... More


Development of contrast sensitivity in normal and amblyopic monkeys

Lynne Kiorpes

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter aims to discuss the development of spatial vision in primates and explore the possible underlying neural limitations on visual performance in infants. The basic measure of spatial vision ... More


Basic Wiring of the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter describes the basic layout of the visual system and examines some of the changes that have occurred in the visual system in the course of evolution. The chapter has three subdivisions. ... More


Vision and the Visual System

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This book provides the essential facts about how visual information is processed in the brain. The book has 16 chapters. Chapter 1 provides basic information about the methods that are used by ... More


A Mechanistic Perspective on the “Given”

Donald I. A. MacLeod

in Visual Experience: Sensation, Cognition, and Constancy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199597277
eISBN:
9780191741883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199597277.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

This chapter criticizes the sensory “given” from the perspective of neuroscience. If the “given” is supposed to be sensory content that is unaffected by top-down or feedback influences, then, ... More


Spatial and temporal properties of infant colour vision

David C. Burr, M. Concetta Morrone, and Adriana Fiorentini

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Information processing for colour vision starts in the retinal photoreceptors and proceeds through the inner retina, the lateral geniculate nucleus, and visual cortex. At the photoreceptor level, the ... More


Assessing dimensionality in infant colour vision

Kenneth Knoblauch, Michelle Bieber, and John S. Werner

in Infant Vision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523161
eISBN:
9780191724558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523161.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Since the human visual system continues to mature and to be influenced by the visual environment over at least the first two years of life, the practical benefit of studies of infant vision will be ... More


Visual Prosthetics

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines what the basic considerations are for the creation of a prosthetic device for the blind, what kinds of experiments have been carried out to assess what kind of devices might be ... More


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