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Hybrid fitness

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter illustrates the fact that hybrid genotypes, like any other set of genotypes, demonstrate a range of fitness estimates. It demonstrates this point with examples involving natural ... More


Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Even before the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, the perception of evolutionary change has been a tree-like pattern of diversification — with divergent branches spreading further and ... More


Size Doesn’t Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology 1

Maureen A. O'Malley

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter provides a manifesto for the importance of taking proper account of microbes, from many perspectives the dominant form of life certainly in the past and arguably even today, in the ... More


The Tree of Life: Universal Phylogeny and Its Discontents

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The idea that all living things arose from their progenitors by descent with modification, and that this history can be depicted as a great tree, goes back to Darwin and beyond. Construction of a ... More


The role of species concepts

Michael L. Arnold

in Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces the topic of species concepts and the study of genetic exchange. It uses only four (biological, phylogenetic, cohesion, and prokaryotic) of the many definitions to illustrate ... More


Intersecting Processes Are Necessary Explanantia for Evolutionary Biology, but Challenge Retrodiction

Eric Bapteste and Gemma Anderson

in Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198779636
eISBN:
9780191824685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779636.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Processes are ubiquitous in biology and play a key explanatory role in evolutionary biology, where they are frequently depicted by patterns. In particular, phylogenetic trees represent divergence ... More


W. Ford Doolittle: Evolutionary Provocations and a Pluralistic Vision

Maureen A. O’malley

in Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226569871
eISBN:
9780226570075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226570075.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

W. Ford Doolittle is well known as an iconoclastic and visionary microbial evolutionist. As well as challenging orthodoxies about the tree of life, he has made major contributions to empirically ... More


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