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Torpedoes: From the Scholastics through the Renaissance

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter is devoted to knowledge about electric fish in the period from the beginning of the 12th century to the end of the 16th century—that is, from the Golden age of the Scholastics in the ... More


Approaches

Christopher N. L. Brooke

in The Medieval Idea of Marriage

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205043
eISBN:
9780191676468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205043.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Ideas

This book looks at marriage, particularly the marriage practices during the mid and late middle Ages. Different disciplines are used and put into play to describe and capture the image of medieval ... More


The Wheel of Progress Turns No More

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0040
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

The medicine that had developed from the pre-Socratic philosophers of nature and which had gone through a significant development between reality and plausibility now lost its importance. The ... More


The Pigi Athinas Tumuli Cemetery of Macedonian Olympus: Burial Customs and the Bioarchaeology of Social Structures at the Dawn of the Late Bronze Age, Central Macedonia, Greece

Paraskevi Tritsaroli

in Bones of Complexity: Bioarchaeological Case Studies of Social Organization and Skeletal Biology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813062235
eISBN:
9780813051901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062235.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

The Middle-Late Bronze Age (1620–1500 B.C.) was a period of emerging and intensifying social complexity involving small-scale settlement hierarchies, but the archaeological understanding of social ... More


Creating Augustine: Interpreting Augustine and Augustinianism in the Later Middle Ages

Eric Leland Saak

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199646388
eISBN:
9780199949960
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646388.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

The term ‘Augustinianism’ has been used by scholars for over a century to refer to trends in medieval philosophy, theology, and politics, which had a major effect on the transformations of European ... More


The Anglo-Saxon Library

Michael Lapidge

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199239696
eISBN:
9780191708336
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239696.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The cardinal role of Anglo-Saxon libraries in the transmission of classical and patristic literature to the later middle ages has long been recognized, for these libraries sustained the researches of ... More


Guillaume de Machaut: Secretary, Poet, Musician

Elizabeth Eva Leach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449338
eISBN:
9781501704864
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449338.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, Western

At once a royal secretary, a poet, and a composer, Guillaume de Machaut was one of the most protean and creative figures of the late Middle Ages. Rather than focus on a single strand of his ... More


The Primacy of the Practical

Paul U. Unschuld

in What Is Medicine?: Western and Eastern Approaches to Healing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520257658
eISBN:
9780520944701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257658.003.0051
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

China and Europe both looked back to antiquity, but with totally different preconditions. The rulers in China separated pharmacy from medicine. The physicians in China were employees, dependents of ... More


Marquard von Lindau and the Challenges of Religious Life in Late Medieval Germany: The Passion, the Eucharist, the Virgin Mary

Stephen Mossman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199575541
eISBN:
9780191722226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575541.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, European Literature

This is a study of the intellectual history and religious culture of German‐speaking Europe in the late Middle Ages. Its focus is the bilingual oeuvre of the Franciscan Marquard von Lindau (d. 1392), ... More


Administration and Fortification in the Van Region under Ottoman Rule in the Sixteenth Century

TOM SINCLAIR

in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264423
eISBN:
9780191734793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264423.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter compares the administration of the Lake Van region under the Ottomans and that of the same region in the late Middle Ages. This required a well-defined region whose boundaries would ... More


Insular Books: Vernacular manuscript miscellanies in late medieval Britain

Margaret Connolly and Raluca Radulescu (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780197265833
eISBN:
9780191771996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265833.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This volume aims to rethink critical assumptions about a particular type of medieval manuscript: the miscellany. A miscellany is a multi-text manuscript, made up of mixed contents, often in a mixture ... More


Divided Gaels: Gaelic Cultural Identities in Scotland and Ireland 1200-1650

Wilson McLeod

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247226
eISBN:
9780191714610
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247226.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book challenges the familiar view that Gaelic Scotland and Gaelic Ireland formed a cultural unit during the late middle ages and early modern period. Many commentators have emphasized the strong ... More


Decision-Making in Medieval Agriculture

David Stone

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199247769
eISBN:
9780191714818
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247769.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This book uses manorial account rolls innovatively to reconstruct the economic mentalities of medieval farmers and, by so doing, argues that they have been unfairly stereotyped. It overturns the ... More


The Weight of Tradition

Michael D. Bailey

in Fearful Spirits, Reasoned Follies: The Boundaries of Superstition in Late Medieval Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451447
eISBN:
9780801467318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451447.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter charts the long tradition of superstition in late medieval Europe, with a particular eye toward how it was used in the period. What distinguishes the later Middle Ages from earlier ... More


Witchcraft: the formation of belief – part one

Hans Peter Broedel

in The Malleus Maleficarum and the construction of witchcraft

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719064401
eISBN:
9781781700419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719064401.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

In a universe where God and the devil had, to such an extent, abandoned their traditional roles, learned theologians had plenty of space in which to carve out the new category of witchcraft. Although ... More


The History of the University of Oxford: Volume II: Late Medieval Oxford

J. I. Catto and T. A. R. Evans (eds)

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199510122
eISBN:
9780191700941
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199510122.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

The History of the University of Oxford will be an authoritative and comprehensive history of one of Britain's most important and influential institutions. This book, Volume II, examines ... More


Scotland from Irish Settlement to the Reformation

Bernhard Maier

in The Celts: A History from Earliest Times to the Present

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748616053
eISBN:
9780748672219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748616053.003.0014
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter focuses on the close political, social and literary relations that bound the Celtic-speaking regions of Ireland and Scotland in the late Middle Ages and early modern age. It discusses ... More


The Medieval Crown of Aragon: A Short History

Thomas N. Bisson

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202363
eISBN:
9780191675294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202363.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This book surveys this history of a great Mediterranean federation whose homelands were Catalonia and Aragon. Based on recent research, it seeks to convey a sense of the energy, drama, and colour of ... More


The Criterion for Distinguishing Legal Opinions from Judicial Rulings and the Administrative Acts of Judges and Rulers

Shihab al-Din Ahmad ibn Idris al-Qarafi al-Maliki

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300191158
eISBN:
9780300227567
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300191158.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This book is the first and much-needed English translation of a thirteenth-century text that shaped the development of Islamic law in the late middle ages. Scholars of Islamic law can find few ... More


The Many Faces of the Confraternities

Joseph Bergin

in Church, Society, and Religious Change in France, 1580-1730

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300150988
eISBN:
9780300161069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300150988.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter begins by considering some key characteristics of the legacy of Le Bras's first great age of confraternities before focusing on their sixteenth-century crisis. Old confraternities vastly ... More


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