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Categorical Data Analysis: Log‐Linear and Latent Class Models

Allan McCutcheon and Colin Mills

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Extending the basic regression model to the analysis of contingency tables, using odds and odds ratios. The worked example shows how log‐linear and latent class techniques can be assimilated into a ... More


Measuring latent causal structure

Ricardo Silva

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0032
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

The presence of latent variables makes the task of estimating causal effects difficult. In particular, it might not even be possible to record important variables without measurement error, a common ... More


Creating a Confirmatory Factor Analysis Model

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter focuses on creating and specifying a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) model, beginning with the role of theory and prior research in CFA. It includes a detailed discussion of CFA model ... More


Measurement Problems in Econometrics

David F. Hendry

in Dynamic Econometrics

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283164
eISBN:
9780191596384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283164.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Methods for estimating parameters in errors‐in‐variables models are investigated, and an estimator generating equation is derived, with weighted least squares and instrumental variables as solutions. ... More


Latent Variables

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

in Key Concepts in Measurement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Many concepts that social work researchers study cannot be directly observed or measured. Concepts like self-esteem, depression, and job satisfaction are just a few of numerous examples. These ... More


Population Variability and Bayesian Inference

Terran Lane

in The Dynamic Brain: An Exploration of Neuronal Variability and Its Functional Significance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393798
eISBN:
9780199897049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393798.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Neuroscience data, from single-neuron recordings to whole-brain functional neuroimaging, is swamped with variability. The system under examination changes from subject to subject, trial to trial, ... More


Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0013
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter consists of data-driven examples of how factor analysis as a statistical tool can be applied in music education research. The chapter presents examples of how factor analysis methods can ... More


Structural Equation Modeling

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0014
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

This chapter presents structural equation modeling as a tool for conducting research regarding how collections of variables may be related to each other as well as to a particular outcome or even ... More


An Introduction to Quantitative Methods Relevant for Public Mental Health

Elizabeth A. Stuart, Jeannie-Marie Sheppard Leoutsakos, Rashelle Musci, Alden Gross, Ryan M. Andrews, and William W. Eaton

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a brief introduction to some of the epidemiologic and statistical methods for, and challenges to, gathering and analyzing the data that underlie the research presented in this ... More


Latent Variable Models for Analyzing DNA Methylation

E. Andrés Houseman

in Probabilistic Graphical Models for Genetics, Genomics, and Postgenomics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198709022
eISBN:
9780191779619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709022.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation is tightly linked with cellular differentiation. For instance, it has been observed that DNA methylation in tumor cells encodes phenotypic information about ... More


Instrument Design

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

in Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter focuses on instrument design, with detailed discussion on anticipating the social relevance of varying options in construct conceptualization for scales and tests. Considering how to ... More


What's the H in H‐likelihood: A Holy Grail or an Achilles' Heel? *

Xiao‐Li Meng

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0016
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

H‐likelihood refers to a likelihood function of both fixed parameters and random “unobservables,” such as missing data and latent variables. The method then typically proceeds by maximizing over the ... More


Qualitative Response Models

Bernt P. Stigum

in Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics: Theory and the Measurement of Economic Relations

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262028585
eISBN:
9780262323109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Chapter IV discusseseconometric analyses of qualitative response models. A qualitative response model is an econometric modelin which the dependent variable is either discrete or half continuous and ... More


Classification and the Concept of Psychiatric Disorder

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

The nominalist assertion that “psychiatric disorder” is only a name for conditions that psychiatrists decide to treat is unacceptably relativistic. One of the best thought-out attempts to regiment ... More


Developing New Instruments: Empathy Scale

Thanh V. Tran, Tam Nguyen, and Keith Chan

in Developing Cross-Cultural Measurement in Social Work Research and Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190496470
eISBN:
9780190496500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496470.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Developing new cross-cultural research instruments is an enormous task, and it requires careful consideration from the researchers to ensure that the instruments measure what they are designed to ... More


Key Concepts in Measurement

Brian E. Perron and David F. Gillespie

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199855483
eISBN:
9780190235963
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855483.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Measurement refers generally to the process of assigning a numeric value to, or ordering characteristics or traits of, entities under study so, ideally, the labels accurately represent the ... More


Expectation propagation

Manfred Opper

in Statistical Physics, Optimization, Inference, and Message-Passing Algorithms: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches School of Physics: Special Issue, October 2013

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198743736
eISBN:
9780191803802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743736.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Variational inference is a powerful concept that underlies many iterative approximation algorithms: expectation propagation, mean-field methods, belief propagation, and TAP equations can all be ... More


Unobserved Components and Time Series Econometrics

Siem Jan Koopman and Neil Shephard (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199683666
eISBN:
9780191763298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683666.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This book is a tribute to Professor Andrew Harvey, who has been an active researcher for four decades, writing on many aspects of time series modeling with a particular focus on economic and more ... More


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