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Just Cause (Including Subcriteria) and Right Intention

Uwe Steinhoff

in On the Ethics of War and Terrorism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199217373
eISBN:
9780191712470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217373.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter shows that the jus ad bellum criterion of just cause includes others, apart from right intention, as underlying facets: the legitimacy of the cause cannot be clarified independently of ... More


Jus ad Bellum, Iraq, and the War on Terror

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

The Bush administration argued vigorously that the 2003 Iraq war was just. The war's critics similarly invoked the language and concepts of the just war tradition to register their opposition. These ... More


Effectiveness and the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the importance of an intervener's effectiveness. It outlines and defends the ‘Moderate Instrumentalist Approach’. This holds that an intervener's effectiveness is the primary ... More


Allocating Lending of Last Resort and Supervision in the Euro Area

Charles M. Kahn and João A. C. Santos

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The Maastricht Treaty created the European System of Central Banks and the European Central Bank (ECB) to head the system. The treaty entrusts the ECB with the responsibility for monetary policy, but ... More


The Consequences of War

Thomas Hurka

in Ethics and Humanity: Themes from the Philosophy of Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195325195
eISBN:
9780199776412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325195.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Several conditions in the traditional theory of the just war — the just cause, hope of success, last resort, and proportionality conditions — assess war morally in light of its consequences, but do ... More


Palliative Options of Last Resort: A Comparison of Practices, Justifications, and Safeguards

Timothy E. Quill

in Caring for Patients at the End of Life: Facing an Uncertain Future Together

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195139402
eISBN:
9780199999859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195139402.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter compares practices, justifications, and safeguards for last-resort options in palliative care. It examines widely accepted practices of intensive pain management and of stopping life ... More


Jus Ad Bellum in Al Qaeda's Jihad

Alia Brahimi

in Jihad and Just War in the War on Terror

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199562961
eISBN:
9780191595059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562961.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter continues the discussion of the Islamic jus ad bellum by looking at Osama bin Laden's just war claims in three other areas: right authority, last resort, and reasonable hope of success. ... More


Unilateral and Multilateral Currency Unions: Thoughts from an EMU Perspective

Ignazio Angeloni

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The distinction here explored between unilateral and multilateral currency union takes the experience of the European Monetary Union (EMU) as a basis. Unilateral currency union is the adoption by one ... More


Last Resort

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The first part of the chapter contains some introductory remarks. Provisionally, the last resort principle is understood as follows. It is morally obligatory not to perform a military action, if ... More


The ECU's Coming of Age

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The main qualitative aspects of the past, present, and future development of the European Currency Unit (ECU) are discussed. Aspects covered are: the formal establishment phase of the ECU clearing ... More


Spanish Banking in the Inter‐War Period

Pablo Martín‐Aceña

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

During the inter‐war years, the Spanish financial system evolved from unit to branch banking, with an increase in the size and sphere of influence of the big banks, and a higher degree of ... More


Last Resort and Noncombatant Immunity

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In the first part of this chapter, the idea of last resort is interrelated with the idea of ‘coercive military threat’. In addition to questions about nuclear deterrence, a just war theory should ... More


Comparison of LLR Powers of Fed with Bank of England, European Central Bank, and Bank of Japan

Hal S. Scott

in Connectedness and Contagion: Protecting the Financial System from Panics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034371
eISBN:
9780262332156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034371.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Fed's three major peers are the Bank of England (BOE), the European Central Bank, and the Bank of Japan (BOJ). This chapter begins with a description of the powers of the three peer central ... More


How to Rethink Sovereign Bankruptcy: A New Role for the IMF?

Patrick Bolton and David A. Skeel, Jr.

in Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578788
eISBN:
9780191723049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter suggests investigating a new bankruptcy approach for resolving sovereign debt crises. While some of the basic ideas have been presented in other papers, the innovation introduced here is ... More


Just War Theory

John W. Lango

in The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter scrutinises just war theory generally, and later chapters concentrate specifically on the core just war principles of just cause, last resort, proportionality, and noncombatant immunity. ... More


Banking, Public Finance, and the Economy: Greece, 1919–1933

George B. Dertilis and Constantine Costis

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Three chronic economic problems afflicted Greece during the inter‐war period: the deficit on the trade account, high public expenditure combined with comparatively low revenues, and a heavy public ... More


General Conclusions

Jeroen van Craenenbroeck

in The Syntax of Ellipsis: Evidence from Dutch Dialects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195375640
eISBN:
9780199871612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375640.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter provides a summary of the entire book and lists its main conclusions and consequences for the syntax of ellipsis and the theory of syntax on the one hand, and for Dutch dialect syntax on ... More


The Crisis in the Euro Zone

Assaf Razin

in Understanding Global Crises: An Emerging Paradigm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028592
eISBN:
9780262327701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028592.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

The EMU by contrast is a dubious candidate for an optimal currency area because although it too trades intensively within the region, national work restrictions greatly impair intra-European labor ... More


The Ethics of Armed Conflict: A Cosmopolitan Just War Theory

John W. Lango

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748645756
eISBN:
9780748697182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645756.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this book, some distinctive approaches to the ethics of armed conflict are interwoven: (1) A revisionist approach that involves generalising traditional just war principles, so that they are ... More


History of Lender of Last Resort in the United States

Hal S. Scott

in Connectedness and Contagion: Protecting the Financial System from Panics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034371
eISBN:
9780262332156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034371.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The government successfully responded to the 2008 financial crisis through the Federal Reserve's use of its lender-of-last-resort (LLR) authority. The presence of a strong LLR is paramount to ... More


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