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NONNEUTRAL PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses nonneutral plasmas, which are plasmas consisting of particles with a single sign of charge. Nonneutral plasmas provide some unique research opportunities that are not available ... More


Applications to Quantum Optical Systems

Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione

in The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199213900
eISBN:
9780191706349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.003.08
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter deals with a presentation of continuous measurement theory on the basis of the microscopic equations of quantum electrodynamics. The emphasis lies on the derivation of the quantum ... More


Alkali atoms and laser cooling

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter starts with the spectrum of alkali atoms, which have a very similar electronic structure to hydrogen. It describes the hyperfine structure of alkali atoms in the context of the ... More


Selected Topics and Applications

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199574872
eISBN:
9780191722219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574872.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Mechanical effects of light are considered in the first section of Chapter 7, together with their application to “optical tweezers.” This leads naturally to a discussion of laser cooling by a variety ... More


Nonlinear and Ultrahigh Resolution Laser Spectroscopy

Guang S. He

in Nonlinear Optics and Photonics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198702764
eISBN:
9780191772368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702764.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes the principles of major nonlinear and ultrahigh resolution laser spectroscopic techniques, including saturation spectroscopy, two-photon spectroscopy, coherent Raman ... More


Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Are the fundamental constants of Nature really constant? How can we build clocks that lose only a few seconds on the entire life of the Universe? This book answers these questions by illustrating the ... More


Selected Topics and Applications

Stephen C. Rand

in Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198757450
eISBN:
9780191817830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757450.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Chapter 7 initially discusses mechanical effects on light and their application to optical tweezers. This leads to a discussion of laser cooling of gases and solids, magneto-optic traps, and ... More


Gaseous Bose–Einstein condensates

Ian R. Kenyon

in Quantum 20/20: Fundamentals, Entanglement, Gauge Fields, Condensates and Topology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198808350
eISBN:
9780191846052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808350.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The (gaseous) BECs are introduced: clouds of 106−8 alkali metal atoms, usually 87Rb or 23Na, below ~1 μ‎K. The laser cooling and magnetic trapping are described including the evaporation step needed ... More


Bose–Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Bose–Einstein condensation is a phenomenon, first proved by Einstein, in which a gas of bosons condenses into the lowest quantum state below a certain critical temperature. It occurs due to the ... More


Lectures on Light: Nonlinear and Quantum Optics using the Density Matrix

Stephen C. Rand

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198757450
eISBN:
9780191817830
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757450.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book bridges the gap between introductory quantum mechanics and the research front of modern optics and scientific fields that make use of light. While suitable as a reference for the specialist ... More


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