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Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Alessandro Minelli

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Animal phylogeny is currently undergoing a major revolution due to the availability of an exponentially increasing amount of molecular data and the application of novel methods of phylogenetic ... More


The life cycle and its evolution

Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

To some extent, the evolution of multicellular organisms such as metazoans is the evolution of their cells, whose prototypical characters are frequently abandoned, as with syncytia or as a ... More


Microbial, Microalgal, and Planktonic Reef Life

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Microbes, including bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, protozoans and microalgae, are the most abundant and arguably the most important members of coral reef communities. They occur in the water ... More


Membranes as sites of energy transduction Membranes as sites of energy transduction

Timothy J. Bradley

in Animal Osmoregulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198569961
eISBN:
9780191728273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569961.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Because membranes are impermeable to most solutes, gradients can be established and maintained between intra- and extracellular compartments. These gradients serve as forms of energy storage that can ... More


Projects and Possibilities: Lessons from Citizen Science Projects

Janis L. Dickinson and Rick Bonney (eds)

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines four citizen science projects launched by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and other organizations. The projects have been designed with unique scientific goals, educational ... More


Perspective—Nervous System Development in Bilaterian Larvae: Testing the Concept of ‘Primary Larvae’

Stefan Richter, Thomas Stach, and Andreas Wanninger

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Since the dawn of evolutionary theory, ‘larvae’ have played a prominent role in the interpretation of animal evolution. Jägersten suggested in 1972 that the ‘pelagic larval type has persisted in ... More


Cycliophora

Ricardo C. Neves

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Cycliophora is a group of minute, acoelomate animals that live on the mouthparts of nephropid lobsters. The cycliophoran life cycle alternates between asexual and sexual reproduction, and involves a ... More


Ecology

Judith S. Weis

in Walking Sideways: The Remarkable World of Crabs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450501
eISBN:
9780801466045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450501.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter is an overview of crab ecology—beginning with the transition from larva to juvenile, and covering hibernation, migrations, navigation, interactions with other kinds of organisms, and the ... More


Infernal Associations

James H. Johnson

in Venice Incognito: Masks in the Serene Republic

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520267718
eISBN:
9780520948624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267718.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses negative connotations linked to the act of masking and carnival. Although masking had become an everyday practice in Venice, it required a lot of great effort for the Venetians ... More


Moths of Western North America

Jerry Powell

Philip Myers (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251977
eISBN:
9780520943773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251977.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Insects boast incredible diversity, and this book treats an important component of the western insect biota that has not been summarized before: moths and their plant relationships. There are about ... More


Ditrysia, Nonapoditrysian Superfamilies

Jerry A. Powell and Paul A. Opler

in Moths of Western North America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520251977
eISBN:
9780520943773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251977.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter focuses on the Ditrysia, an evolutionary lineage that makes up 98% or more of the described species of living Lepidoptera. It describes the important characteristic of the six ... More


The Types and Distribution of Setae on the Larval Legs of Neoperla Geniculata

Fumiko Tamura, Yu Isobe, and Tadashi Oishi

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter investigates the morphology and distribution of setae on each segment of the larval legs in Neoperla geniculata using a scanning electron microscope. It discusses observations on ventral ... More


The use of chemical cues in habitat recognition and settlement

Gabriele Gerlach and Jelle Atema

in Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199583096
eISBN:
9780191810091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583096.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter assesses how dispersed marine larvae search for their settlement habitat. It focuses on the active sensory and specifically the olfactory processes involved in larval recruitment in ... More


Macroparasites

Odo Diekmann, Hans Heesterbeek, and Tom Britton

in Mathematical Tools for Understanding Infectious Disease Dynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155395
eISBN:
9781400845620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155395.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Chapter 6 showed that the defining mathematical distinction between microparasites and macroparasites is that for macroparasites, as a rule, reinfection through the environment is essential to get an ... More


Calibrating the Laboratory to Nature

Michael J. Wade

in Adaptation in Metapopulations: How Interaction Changes Evolution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226129563
eISBN:
9780226129877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226129877.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter contains a discussion of why their life history made willow beetles a perfect field system for studying the evolution of social behaviors. This is an organism that lives in groups and ... More


Insects: Essential and Delicious

Arnold van Huis, Henk van Gurp, and Marcel Dicke

in The Insect Cookbook: Food for a Sustainable Planet

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166843
eISBN:
9780231536219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166843.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter considers the consumption of insects. Insects are the most successful and abundant group of animals on the planet. Humans make use of them in many ways—particularly in agriculture, ... More


Interspecies Hybrids

Sonya E. Vickers and Donald I. Williamson

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter concisely explains the theory that some of the Earth’s most beautiful and intriguing life forms are chimerical at the level of entire animal genomes. It demonstrates that evolution was ... More


Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Tyler Carrier, Adam Reitzel, and Andreas Heyland (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

For more than a century, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, and oceanographers alike have been intellectually stimulated by marine invertebrate larval forms. In 1995, Ecology of Marine Invertebrate ... More


Microbial, microalgal and planktonic reef life

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling, and Nicholas A. J. Graham

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198787341
eISBN:
9780191829420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787341.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Microbes, including bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi, protozoans and microalgae, are the most abundant and arguably the most important members of coral reef communities. They occur in the water ... More


Kamptozoa (Entoprocta)

Andreas Wanninger

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Kamptozoa is a group of 150 species of acoelomate, solitary or colonial, predominantly marine organisms that live epizooically on various substrates. Body size ranges from a few hundred micrometres ... More


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