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Language Use

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that language use does not provide persuasive evidence for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence, and that RT is implausible. RT is not supported by the ... More


Creative Cognition in a Modular Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that all creative thought ultimately reduces to creative action. On this account, action schemata are activated creatively and rehearsed, issuing in globally broadcast imagery ... More


The Social Organization of Language Learning in Israel

Daniel Lefkowitz

in Words and Stones: The Politics of Language and Identity in Israel

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195121902
eISBN:
9780199788347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121902.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter conveys an ethnographic understanding of the contexts for speech and communication in Israeli society by discussing the learning (and unlearning) of languages in Israel. It focuses on ... More


Accounting for the Spread of Quechua and Aymara between Cuzco and Lake Titicaca

BILL SILLAR

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores broad social changes that may account for how Quechua and Aymara entered the Lake Titicaca and Cuzco regions so that they eventually replaced all other native languages. It ... More


The Creative Aspect of Language Use and Nonbiological Nativism

Mark C. Baker

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on one particular component of the human capacity for language, which Chomsky calls the ‘creative aspect of language use’ (CALU). It argues that the CALU is a distinct module of ... More


Reel to Real: Desi Teens' Linguistic Engagements with Bollywood

Shalini Shankar

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter identifies “Bollywood” films—feature‐length movies produced in Bombay (Mumbai), India—as a source of linguistic and cultural production in the South Asian diaspora. South Asian Americans ... More


Syntactic Theory and the Theory of Language

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Radical Construction Grammar is a construction grammar, in which syntactic representation is a pairing of form and meaning. Constructions are the basic, primitive units of syntactic representation; ... More


Personhood and Biography

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter and the following chapter defend a moral hierarchy of persons (defined as individuals with a biographical sense of self), near-persons (defined as individuals who lack a biographical ... More


Ethnic Differences in Language Skills: How Individual and Family Characteristics Aid and Prohibit the Linguistic Integration of Children of Immigrants

Jörg Dollmann, Frida Rudolphi, and Meenakshi Parameshwaran

in Growing up in Diverse Societies: The Integration of the Children of Immigrants in England, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780197266373
eISBN:
9780191879562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266373.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Proficiency in the language of a new country is perhaps the most important precondition for the successful integration of immigrants in various other integration aspects, like educational and ... More


Language Universals and the Performance-Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis

John A. Hawkins

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter examines synchronic cross-linguistic patterns in grammars and language use. It proposes that “variation-defining” universals delimit the scope of possible variation across languages. ... More


Leadership, Discourse, and Ethnicity

Janet Holmes, Meredith Marra, and Bernadette Vine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730759
eISBN:
9780199918454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730759.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book is about workplace discourse and it examines the relationships among leadership, ethnicity, and language use. Taking a social constructionist approach to the ways in which leadership is ... More


Wittgenstein and the Autonomy Of Humanistic Understandin g

P. M. S Hacker

in Wittgenstein: Connections and Controversies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199245697
eISBN:
9780191602245
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924569X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Clarifies why Wittgenstein’s philosophy has profound implications for the humanities and human sciences. It sketches the gradual growth, from the Renaissance until the early twentieth century, of ... More


The Discursive Construction of Difference

PATRICK STEVENSON

in Language and German Disunity: A Sociolinguistic History of East and West in Germany, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299707
eISBN:
9780191708053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299707.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on the ways in which (perceptions of) language use and reflections on language are more directly instrumental in constructing and negotiating different kinds of eastern and ... More


Bilingualism in Roman Egypt

PFNELOPE FEWSTER

in Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199245062
eISBN:
9780191715129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245062.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines bilingualism in Roman Egypt from a historical rather than linguistic perspective. In particular, the problems of functioning in a society where administration was officially ... More


Epilogue

Vincent L. Wimbush

in White Men's Magic: Scripturalization as Slavery

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199873579
eISBN:
9780199949595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199873579.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The Epilogue revisits the implications of tying together in critical analysis Equiano’s story and that of Wimbush, including their mutual interest in escaping slavery and finding a place for the safe ... More


Building and Unbuilding the GDR

PATRICK STEVENSON

in Language and German Disunity: A Sociolinguistic History of East and West in Germany, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299707
eISBN:
9780191708053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299707.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on public language use in the GDR. It is organized as follows. Section 3.1 examines the official discourse of the Socialist Unity Party as manifested in statements of various ... More


History, including changes in progress

Robert McColl Millar

in Northern and Insular Scots

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623167
eISBN:
9780748651528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623167.003.0067
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter returns to the linguistic history of the region, paying particular attention to the effects of language contact and language shift. It shows that the dialects of northern Scotland and of ... More


Sequentiality as the Basis of Constituent Structure

Joan Bybee

in Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195301571
eISBN:
9780199867271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301571.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Recent investigations of the relation between grammar and language use, especially in the literature on grammaticization, have made it clear that grammar is not a fixed logical structure but rather ... More


Barnardine’s Straw: The Devil in Shakespeare’s Detail: Shakespeare Lecture

Michael Pennington

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses memories of appreciating William Shakespeare's work. It reveals the various theatre adaptations of Shakespeare's works, including Hamlet, Macbeth, and As You Like It, and some ... More


Multilingualism with English

Ulrike Jessner

in Linguistic Awareness in Multilinguals: English as a Third Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619139
eISBN:
9780748671496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619139.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter discusses the sociolinguistic aspects of multilingualism, which are seen to develop in parallel with the changing status of English. The focus on ‘multilingualism with English’ moves ... More


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