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Anyone Speak Swedish?: Tolerance for Language Shifting in Graphical Multiuser Virtual Environments

Ann-Sofie Axelsson, Åsa Abelin, and Ralph Schroeder

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

English is the dominant language on the Internet, but as more people access the Internet, more nationalities and languages meet. This study examined language encounters in the Internet-based shared ... More


Trading Tongues: Loss of Heritage Languages in the United States

Leanne Hinton

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0020
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter is an examination of the personal side of language maintenance and language shift in the United States, as told by Asian‐Americans from immigrant families. Pertinent selections were ... More


Archaeological models and Asian Indo-Europeans

J. P. Mallory

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262856
eISBN:
9780191753961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262856.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Archaeological attempts to discern prehistoric linguistic dispersals are packaged in a variety of models that must all rest on at least one assumption: the archaeological record in some form or ... More


The Roots of Language Contact

CAROL MYERS-SCOTTON

in Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter focuses on social factors promoting bilingualism, and ultimately, language contact phenomena. The costs and rewards of bilingualism (e.g., language as political capital and ... More


To Tangle or Not to Tangle: Shifting Language Ideologies and the Socialization of Charabia in the Marquesas, French Polynesia

Kathleen C. Riley

in Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195324983
eISBN:
9780199869398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324983.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

After a century and a half of French colonial rule, most adults in the Marquesan archipelago of French Polynesia now use both their Eastern Polynesian language 'Enana as well as a local variety of ... More


The European Union in Cyberspace: Democratic Participation via Online Multilingual Discussion Boards

Ruth Wodak and Scott Wright

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0017
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter analyzes the European Union’s “Futurum” discussion forum, which was intended to help close the gap (“democratic deficit”) between institutions and citizens by facilitating a virtual, ... More


Introduction

Peter K. Austin and Julia Sallabank

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This introductory chapter gives some background on the loss of linguistic diversity worldwide and the increased interest in this field since the late twentieth century: in academia, among the ... More


The role of contact and language shift in the spread of Austronesian languages across Island Southeast Asia

Mark Donohue and Tim Denham

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The spread of modern humans into and across Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific represents the earliest confirmed dispersal of humans across a marine environment, and involved numerous associated ... More


Gaelic Scotland: Bilingual Life in the Twenty-First Century?

Stuart Dunmore

in Language Revitalisation in Gaelic Scotland: Linguistic Practice and Ideology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474443111
eISBN:
9781474476706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474443111.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This opening chapter contextualises the key themes of the book within the sociological and historical setting of Gaelic in Scotland, introducing the central issue of language revitalisation. Building ... More


Language diversification and contact in Africa

Gerrit J. Dimmendaal

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The linguistic map of Africa as it manifests itself in its gestalt to us today is the result of a range of factors, involving climate change, technological innovations, as well as social conditions. ... More


Language Shift in an ‘Importing Culture’:: The Cultural Logic of the Arapesh Roads*

Lise M. Dobrin

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

In the Arapesh communities of northern Papua New Guinea, where language shift to Tok Pisin is now advanced, villagers express regret about the loss of their local language. However, they do not seem ... More


History, including changes in progress

Robert McColl Millar

in Northern and Insular Scots

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748623167
eISBN:
9780748651528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623167.003.0067
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

This chapter returns to the linguistic history of the region, paying particular attention to the effects of language contact and language shift. It shows that the dialects of northern Scotland and of ... More


Language diversity, geomorphological change, and population movements in the Sepik-Ramu basin of Papua New Guinea

William A. Foley

in Language Dispersal, Diversification, and Contact

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198723813
eISBN:
9780191791154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723813.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

New Guinea is a crucial region for the study of prehistory as a key witness for a precontact situation before colonial disruption and/or state formation. The New Guinea region is the most ... More


Local Language Ideologies and Language Revitalization among the Sumu-Mayangna Indians of Nicaragua’s Caribbean Coast Region

Jane Freeland, Eloy Frank Gómez, Gloria Fenly, and Stringham Montero Cisneros

in Endangered Languages: Beliefs and Ideologies in Language Documentation and Revitalization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265765
eISBN:
9780191771958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265765.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Through contrastive case studies, this chapter shows how language ideologies can vary not only between but within ethnic groups. It discusses implications for current models of language shift and ... More


The Critical Period, Access to Universal Grammar in First and Second Language, and Language Attrition

Norbert Francis

in Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016391
eISBN:
9780262298384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016391.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the concepts of modularity and the competence-ability distinction in the context of simultaneous, sequential, and subtractive bilingualism, second language (L2) learning, and ... More


The Challenge of Documenting Africa’s Least-Known Languages

Bonny Sands

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The lack of adequate documentation for African languages is a major challenge facing linguists. Understandably, priority has often been given to the most endangered languages, but the level of ... More


The Social Psychology of Spanish/English Bilingualism in the United States

Aída Hurtado

in Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190458850
eISBN:
9780190465629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190458850.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Spanish/English bilingualism has a long history in the Unites States. In spite of historical antecedents, Spanish/English bilingualism is still considered a social problem in need of a solution. A ... More


Historical and Sociolinguistic Background

Wilson McLeod

in Gaelic in Scotland: Policies, Movements, Ideologies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474462396
eISBN:
9781474491396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474462396.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

This chapter gives a historical overview of Gaelic in Scotland, including an analysis of its spread to different parts of Scotland in the Middle Ages and the trajectory of demographic decline and ... More


Elements of Resilience: Stable and Malleable

Robin P. Harris

in Storytelling in Siberia: The Olonkho Epic in a Changing World

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041280
eISBN:
9780252099885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041280.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter 5 draws on preceding chapters devoted to historical narratives and UNESCO to inform a discussion of continuity and change in revitalization. Building on well-researched parallels in language ... More


Rupture and Reclamation

Kathryn E. Graber

in Mixed Messages: Mediating Native Belonging in Asian Russia

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9781501750502
eISBN:
9781501750533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501750502.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks into the legacies of the twentieth century's massive modernization efforts through the terms rupture and loss, in which contemporary Buryats predominantly understand the history of ... More


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