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Language Use

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that language use does not provide persuasive evidence for the Representational Thesis (RT) view of linguistic competence, and that RT is implausible. RT is not supported by the ... More


Language Acquisition

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter takes the familiar arguments for nativism to establish the interesting nativist thesis that “the initial state” of linguistic competence is sufficiently rich that humans can naturally ... More


A Case for the Psychological Reality of Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the popular “Representational Theory of the Mind” (RTM), according to which a thought involves a mental representation. It then follows Fodor in arguing for the controversial ... More


Two Approaches to the Nature of Thought

Jose Luis Bermudez

in Thinking without Words

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159691
eISBN:
9780199849598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159691.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines two theories related to the human character. It explores the differing responses to the questions of psychological explanations of the behavior of nonlinguistic creatures given ... More


Three psychologies: rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist

James Russell

in What is Language Development?: Rationalist, empiricist, and pragmatist approaches to the acquisition of syntax

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198530862
eISBN:
9780191728136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530862.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This section describes the philosophies of Rationalism, Empiricism, and Pragmatism. With regard to Rationalism, it focuses upon Chomsky's explicit support for this position and how he presents its ... More


The Self‐Consciousness Argument: Functionalism and the Corruption of Content

George Bealer

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter targets functionalism as the most cogent form of contemporary materialism. In particular, it takes aim at ‘ontic’ or reductive functionalism: a theory that attempts to specify the ... More


The Return to Representation

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins by examining Jerry Fodor and the rationalist tradition. For Fodor, brains are semantic engines driven by intentional states. Based on his two works, The Language of Thought, and ... More


Mental Representation

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for postulating an inner ‘language’ in which thinking takes place, and proposes a means by which this postulate can be construed on functionalist lines. The functional theory is a purely ... More


Thoughts

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Thoughts are understood as passive conscious events consisting in entertaining propositions. They may be accompanied by sensory images of written or spoken sentences; but such sentences never contain ... More


LOT Meets Frege's Problem (Among Others)

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

There are two closely related issues that a theory of intentional mental states and processes might reasonably be expected to address: Frege's problem and the problem of publicity. This chapter shows ... More


The Mechanism of Reference

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn's aim is two‐fold: to undermine both descriptive and causal theories of reference, and to argue for his preferred, ‘contextual’ theory of reference. McGinn is moved to this position by ... More


Pragmatics and Logical Form

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

According to the Truth-Conditional Pragmatics framework, optional pragmatic processes of modulation map the (bare) logical form of an utterance to a ‘modified logical form’ which corresponds to its ... More


Having Meaning

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

To have meaning is to stand in the meaning relation to a meaning, meanings taken to be characters*. This chapter is about the nature of the meaning relation. A theory of this relation requires saying ... More


Introduction

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter begins with the author's evaluation of his book The Language of Thought (LOT 1). It contends that the language-of-thought hypothesis endorsed in LOT 1 was not just any old ... More


Stalnaker on Intentionality

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues that there are two reasons for ascribing to mental states, structures more fine‐grained than the sets of possible world they represent: first, fine‐grained structure enters naturally into the ... More


Locality

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

There are increasingly good reasons to doubt that the ‘classical’ representational theory of mind (RTM) language of thought (LOT) computational theory of mind (CTM) model is anything like a general ... More


The Case Against Empiricism

Fiona Cowie

in What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Examining impossibility arguments has allowed us to observe certain flaws in the empiricist construal of nativism, since such arguments point out that the empiricist views may entail some degree of ... More


Mental Content and Linguistic Form

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Contrasts possible‐worlds propositions with more fine‐grained structured propositions that build linguistic or quasi‐linguistic form into the contents of thought. The main argument is that the ... More


Afterword

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The Afterword re-evaluates the central questions of the book. It begins by examining the possibility (suggested by Paul Pietroski) that no expressions of natural language are paradigmatically ... More


Representation of and for mental processes

Joscha Bach

in Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter introduces the neuro-symbolic representations that form the Psi agent's Language of Thought. Topics covered include neural representations, partonomies, memory organization, perception, ... More


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