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Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Ignorance of Language

Michael Devitt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Is Chomsky right about the psychological reality of language? What is linguistics about? What role should linguistic intuitions play in constructing grammars? What is innate about language? Is there ... More


Introduction

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Chomsky’s view, linguistics is about a psychological state, the speaker’s knowledge of language which constitutes her linguistic competence. This knowledge is said to underlie her linguistic ... More


Modules of the Human Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines some of the key modules that are likely to be unique to the human mind. These include a sophisticated mind-reading system, a language faculty, a variety of adaptations that ... More


Intuitions

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter starts by arguing against the received view that the intuitive judgments of speakers are the main evidence for a grammar. Still, they are evidence and an explanation for this is ... More


The Components of Language: What's Specific to Language, and What's Specific to Humans 1

Steven Pinker and Ray Jackendoff

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch (HCF) proposed that recursion is the only thing that distinguishes language (a) from other human capacities, and (b) from the capacities of animals. These factors are ... More


Approaching Universals from Below: I-Universals in Light of a Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory

Norbert Hornstein and Cedric Boeckx

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter focuses on linguistic universals embodied in Universal Grammar (UG), a characterization of the innate properties of the language faculty. Approaching language universals from a ... More


Foundations of Universal Grammar in Planned Action

Mark Steedman

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter attempts to link the specific form taken by the universal grammatical mechanism that projects the finite lexicon of any given language onto the infinite set of strings of words paired ... More


What is special about the human language faculty and how did it get that way?

Stephen R. Anderson

in The Evolutionary Emergence of Language: Evidence and Inference

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199654840
eISBN:
9780191759000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654840.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter addresses two basic questions. The first is: ‘How was the human language faculty shaped evolutionarily?’ It suggests that this faculty, being a consequence of the biological nature of ... More


Facts about human language relevant to its evolution

Steven Pinker

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter contends that an important source of evidence that has been neglected in the study of language evolution is the language itself. Thus, in this chapter, some basic facts about the ... More


Introduction: The Pains of Being Owenians/Chomskyans/Cartesians at Heart

Sergio Balari and Guillermo Lorenzo

in Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665464
eISBN:
9780191746116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665464.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

There exists a gap between linguistics and biology, in that the degree of resolution of observations coming from the latter are completely mismatched relative to the extremely detailed analyses of ... More


Introduction

Noam Chomsky

in The Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262527347
eISBN:
9780262327282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527347.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book proposes a minimalist approach to linguistic theory that builds on the theory of principles and parameters and, in particular, on principles of economy of derivation and representation. The ... More


Why Only Us: Language and Evolution

Robert C. Berwick and Noam Chomsky

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034241
eISBN:
9780262333351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034241.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

We are born crying, but those cries signal the first stirring of language. Within a year or so, infants master the sound system of their language; a few years after that, they are engaging in ... More


The Theory of Principles and Parameters

Howard Lasnik

in The Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262527347
eISBN:
9780262327282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527347.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the kinds of work being pursued within the general principles-and-parameters model as well as some of the thinking that underlies and guides it. The theory of principles and ... More


Categories and Transformations

Noam Chomsky

in The Minimalist Program

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262527347
eISBN:
9780262327282
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262527347.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter analyzes the minimalist framework for Universal Grammar, with particular emphasis on functional categories and transformations, and revises it step by step in an effort to approach as ... More


Computational Phenotypes: Towards an Evolutionary Developmental Biolinguistics

Sergio Balari and Guillermo Lorenzo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665464
eISBN:
9780191746116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665464.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This is a book about language as a species-typical trait of humans. Linguists customarily describe it as an extremely exceptional capacity, even when compared with the biological endowment of closely ... More


Biolinguistics and Information

Cedric Boeckx and Juan Uriagereka

in Information and Living Systems: Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262201742
eISBN:
9780262295246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262201742.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter focuses on biolinguistics and how it seeks to uncover the laws that determine the nature of the faculty of language, the principles behind its development, and the ways in which it is ... More


The Neural Basis of Language

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

The findings discussed in this book lead to a first integrative view on the neurobiology of language, which proposes that BA 44 and the arcuate fasciculus are those brain structures that have evolved ... More


The Biological Background of Syntax Evolution

Fedor Anna, Ittzés Péter, and Szathmáry Eörs

in Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013567
eISBN:
9780262258586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013567.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Language is difficult to understand because nothing is known about how it is processed in the brain. Many areas of the human brain play a role in language-related activities such as syntactic ... More


On the elements of syntactic variation

Luigi Rizzi

in Linguistic Variation in the Minimalist Framework

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198702894
eISBN:
9780191772382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702894.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

The first part of the chapter sketches out the history of the parametric approach to syntactic variation since its origins some thirty years ago. The chapter then addresses the format and locus of ... More


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