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Modelling the Quechua‐Aymara Relationship: Structural Features, Sociolinguistic Scenarios, and Possible Archaeological Evidence

PIETER MUYSKEN

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265031
eISBN:
9780191754142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, American History: pre-Columbian BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores various sociolinguistic scenarios of language contact which may be potentially invoked to account for the complex relationship between Quechua and Aymara. The evidence for the ... More


Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD): the dominance of a single AVC

Theodore Markopoulos

in The Future in Greek: From Ancient to Medieval

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539857
eISBN:
9780191716317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539857.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This bulky chapter is devoted to the examination of Late Medieval Greek (11th–15th c. AD), the first period after late antiquity which provides us with material in a “vernacular” variety of Greek. ... More


Introduction: Navajo as Default

John McWhorter

in Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of complexity arguments regarding second-language acquisition. It argues that this neglect of the role of reduction in language contact beyond ... More


Language Interrupted: Signs of Non-Native Acquisition in Standard Language Grammars

John McWhorter

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195309805
eISBN:
9780199788378
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309805.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Foreigners often say that the English language is “easy”. A language like Spanish is challenging in its variety of verb endings and gender for nouns, whereas English is more straightforward. But ... More


The Future in Greek: From Ancient to Medieval

Theodore Markopoulos

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199539857
eISBN:
9780191716317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539857.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This book investigates the development of three future‐referring constructions in Greek, namely “μέλλω / œχω / θέλω + Infinitive / complement clause” in the classical (5th–4th c. BC), the ... More


Motivations of Language Change

D. Gary Miller

in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume I: Approaches, Methodology, and Sound Change

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199583423
eISBN:
9780191723438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583423.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Motivations of Language Change. Various factors motivate change in different components of the grammar and lexicon. Contact is a major catalyst, being the epitomous alteration of the triggering ... More


The Languages of the Amazon

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

Languages of the Amazon basin are among the most fascinating in the world. This is where one finds unusual sounds, unexpected ways of classifying nouns, elaborate positional verbs, to name just a few ... More


Tocharian and Indo-Iranian: relations between two linguistic areas

Georges-Jean Pinault

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197262856
eISBN:
9780191753961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262856.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

Since the beginning of Tocharian studies, the two languages of the ‘Tocharian’ group have interested Iranianists as well as Indologists because of the proximity of the sites where Tocharian ... More


Language contact in Amazonia

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Languages of the Amazon

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199593569
eISBN:
9780191739385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593569.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter starts with the definition of linguistic areas and language regions. Amazonia is contrasted with the Andean domain in terms of their linguistic features. We then turn to detailed ... More


Village Sign Languages: A Commentary

Ulrike Zeshan

in Deaf around the World: The Impact of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732548
eISBN:
9780199866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732548.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

The study of village sign languages is at the forefront of new approaches to developing a typology of languages. Indeed, recent research has shown that the study of village sign disconfirms some of ... More


English Literature and Ancient Languages

Kenneth Haynes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199212125
eISBN:
9780191718663
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212125.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Literature in English is hardly ever entirely in English. Contact with other languages takes place, for example, whenever foreign languages are introduced, or if a native style is self-consciously ... More


Enhancing the Status of Catalan versus Spanish in Online Academic Forums: Obstacles to Machine Translation

Salvador Climent, Joaquim MorÉ, Antoni Oliver, MÍriam Salvatierra, Imma SÀnchez, and TaulÉ Mariona

in The Multilingual Internet: Language, Culture, and Communication Online

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304794
eISBN:
9780199788248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304794.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents an in-depth linguistic evaluation of a corpus of messages posted in several bilingual newsgroups in Catalonia (Spain). The social context is a situation of bilingualism and ... More


The construction of a modern myth: Middle English as a creole

Richard J. Watts

in Language Myths and the History of English

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195327601
eISBN:
9780199893539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327601.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

One recently constructed myth—which has now gone beyond the confines of academia—is the English‐as‐a‐creole myth, which assumes that Middle English is best looked at as a creole created by intensive ... More


Historical Syntax and Linguistic Theory

Paola Crisma and Giuseppe Longobardi (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199560547
eISBN:
9780191721267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560547.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Historical Linguistics

This book considers developments in the study of diachronic linguistics and linguistic theory, including those concerned with the very definition of language change in the biolinguistic framework, ... More


Irish English, Volume 1 - Northern Ireland

Karen Corrigan

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748634286
eISBN:
9780748671441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748634286.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book focuses on the sociolinguistic consequences of historical contact between indigenous Irish peoples and newer English and Scottish settlers in what is now the territory of Northern Ireland ... More


From Contact to Mixture: Bilingual Inscriptions from Italy

MARTTI LEIWO

in Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199245062
eISBN:
9780191715129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245062.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Speakers of Greek and Latin were in contact for several hundred years. This chapter proposes a typology for distinct language contact features in the light of epigraphy, and discusses Latin-Greek ... More


Continuity, Language Contact, and Dialectal Leveling in Spanish in New York

Ricardo Otheguy and Ana Celia Zentella

in Spanish in New York: Language Contact, Dialectal Leveling, and Structural Continuity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199737406
eISBN:
9780199918621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The chapter offers background demographic details on New York's Latino population and an initial illustration of the variable use of Spanish subject personal pronouns. The difference between ... More


Oceanic Serial Verbs and Melanesian Pidgin

Terry Crowley

in Serial Verbs in Oceanic: A Descriptive Typology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198241355
eISBN:
9780191712050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241355.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Language Families

This chapter discusses the distribution and development of serial verbs in Melanesian pidgin, with emphasis on language contact between mainly Oceanic languages and English in the late 19th and 20th ... More


Barbarians and others

Richard J. Watts

in Language Myths and the History of English

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195327601
eISBN:
9780199893539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327601.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Some of the myths that are still active today have their roots at least in the twelfth century or even before. Some are universal. The first part of Chapter 5 argues that with the rise of the ... More


Demon Language: The Otherness of Indonesian in a Papuan Community

Rupert Stasch

in Consequences of Contact: Language Ideologies and Sociocultural Transformations in Pacific Societies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195324983
eISBN:
9780199869398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324983.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter charts an ideology of linguistic difference, shaping how Korowai of West Papua have evaluated Indonesian over the first quarter-century of their contact with it. Their naming of this ... More


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