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Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Human Comprehension

Tatiana Sitnikova, Phillip J. Holcomb, and Gina R. Kuperberg

in Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195188370
eISBN:
9780199870462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter begins with a discussion of evidence for distinctions between two semantic comprehension systems in the language domain: a system that maps the perceived information on graded semantic ... More


Language Comprehension and Production

Allan Paivio

in Mental Representations: A dual coding approach

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195066661
eISBN:
9780199894086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195066661.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter shows how the dual coding theory handles language comprehension and production. It treats language as a problem in its own right, with emphasis on more extended behavioral segments than ... More


On Our Mind: Salience, Context, and Figurative Language

Rachel Giora

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195136166
eISBN:
9780199846993
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136166.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

How do we learn to produce and comprehend non-literal language? Competing theories have only partially accounted for the variety of language comprehension evoked in metaphor, irony, and jokes. This ... More


Language and future avenues

Joscha Bach

in Principles of Synthetic Intelligence PSI: An Architecture of Motivated Cognition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195370676
eISBN:
9780199870721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370676.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter discusses the role of natural language in the context of the Psitheory. Topics covered include language comprehension, problem solving with language, and language and consciousness.


Language Functions in the Brain: From Auditory Input to Sentence Comprehension

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 1 presents the neurocognitive model of language comprehension with its functional processing components and processing steps from auditory input to comprehension. The different functional ... More


Language comprehension is both embodied and symbolic

Max Louwerse and Patrick Jeuniaux

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that language comprehension is both embodied and symbolic. It notes that according to the symbol interdependency hypothesis comprehenders can ultimately ground symbols, but they ... More


What do working memory span tasks like reading span really measure?

Meredyth Daneman and Brenda Hannon

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the very substantial evidence base for working memory capacity reflecting a core cognitive ability that differs between individuals, and offers a set of measures with high ... More


Experiential traces and mental simulations in language comprehension

Rolf A Zwaan

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a framework for an embodied, experiential view of language comprehension. It explains that the claim is not that the elements of this framework are entirely new. The ... More


The Emergentist Coalition Model of Word Learning in Children Has Implications for Language in Aging

Roberta Michnick Golinkoff and Kathy Hirsh-Pasek

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores how a combination of influences can lead to observable changes in language comprehension. It speculates about how such an integrated model could help us see atypical development ... More


The Binding Problem for Language, and Its Consequences for the Neurocognition of Comprehension

Peter Hagoort

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015127
eISBN:
9780262295888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015127.003.0016
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the neurocognition of language comprehension by using a broad-coverage model in combination with neuropsychological data on sentence processing. It first looks at the main ... More


A Computational Model for the Representation and Processing of Shape in Coverbal Iconic Gestures 1

Timo Sowa and Ipke Wachsmuth

in Spatial Language and Dialogue

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199554201
eISBN:
9780191721236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199554201.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Gesturing provides an important communicative resource for spatial language. This chapter examines the morphological variety of iconic gestures in shape descriptions and the verbal utterances they ... More


Is it in or is it on? The Influence of Geometry and Location Control on Children’s Descriptions of Containment and Support Events

LYNN RICHARDS and KENNY COVENTRY

in Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from Perception, Categorization, and Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264339
eISBN:
9780191718519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264339.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Spatial language comprehension and production is affected not only by where objects are positioned in space but also by what those objects are and how they are interacting with each other over time. ... More


Disfluency Effects in Comprehension: How New Information Can Become Accessible

Jennifer E. Arnold and Michael K. Tanenhaus

in The Processing and Acquisition of Reference

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015127
eISBN:
9780262295888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015127.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter examines the relative accessibility of different referents to a particular speaker during language comprehension, focusing on disfluency effects and how new information can be accessed. ... More


The Seven Ages of Working Memory

Robert H. Logie

in Working Memory and Human Cognition

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195100990
eISBN:
9780199846849
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195100990.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes each of the seven “ages” or instantiations of working memory, which include the views of working memory as contemplation, as process, and as constraint of language ... More


Production and Comprehension

Daniel Dor

in The Instruction of Imagination: Language as a Social Communication Technology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190256623
eISBN:
9780190256647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256623.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter goes back to the foundations of the theory, with a more detailed definitional discussion of the processes involved in the production and comprehension of linguistic utterances. It then ... More


On Operations

Tim Shallice and Richard P. Cooper

in The Organisation of Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199579242
eISBN:
9780191804489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199579242.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines a range of cognitive operations, focussing on four domains: action, spatial processing, morphology, and language comprehension. In the first case, the computational task facing ... More


Looking for a ‘Gold Standard’ to measure language complexity: what psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics can (and cannot) offer to formal linguistics

Lise Menn and Cecily Jill Duffield

in Measuring Grammatical Complexity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199685301
eISBN:
9780191765476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685301.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Proposed complexity measures for a language as a whole should be validated against a ‘gold standard’, i.e. against measures of the sorts of utterances that are harder or easier for humans to ... More


Competition in argument interpretation: Evidence from the neurobiology of language

Ina Bornkessel‐Schlesewsky and Matthias Schlesewsky

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter presents an approach to competition in incremental argument interpretation based on the latest version of the extended Argument Dependency Model (eADM; Bornkessel and Schlesewsky 2006). ... More


A Study in the Acquisition of Language: Free Responses to Commands

Elizabeth F. Shipley, Carlota S. Smith, and Lila R. Gleitman

in Sentence First, Arguments Afterward: Essays in Language and Learning

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780199828098
eISBN:
9780197510438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199828098.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This study reports an experiment concerning the spontaneous responses of young children to commands differing in structural format and semantic content. The results indicate that syntactic ... More


Why do we need a phonological loop?

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter attempts to determine the functions that might be served by the phonological loop. It begins with an evolutionary relevance of the loop and its biological function through an examination ... More


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